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Home arrow Language & Literature arrow Contrastive Analysis of Discourse-pragmatic Aspects of Linguistic Genres



The present section provides a detailed discussion of the results in the preceding section by analysing selected concordances from each of the political speeches. Each of the categories is discussed in turn.

Stance Types in Bush’s and Obama’s Speeches

Subjective Explicit and Subjective Implicit Stance

The quantitative results show that President Obama’s speech has a significantly higher frequency of markers of stance than Bush’s speech. In particular, Obama makes use of subjective implicit stance, that is, a stance style that is characterized by the use of modal verbs, followed by subjective explicit stance, which is characterized by the use of first person pronouns and mental verbs. Bush, on the other hand, shows a preference for subjective explicit stance, followed by subjective implicit stance. In addition to this main difference in the stance preferences of the two politicians, the distribution of pronominal forms and their co-occurrence with the stance markers of modality, together with the frequency of negation, reveals further differences in intersubjective positioning in the two politicians.

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