Home Law International Handbook of Juvenile Justice
CUSTODIAL RULES AND INFRASTRUCTURE FOR JUVENILES
Juveniles cannot be mixed with adult populations, neither during a trial nor as convicts. They are always separated from the moment of detention to the moment of conviction. There are five main types of treatment facilities for juveniles in Mexico: treatment centers (previously known as correctionals), schools of social rehabilitation, community shelters, specialized centers, and other types of centers which fall under a different statistical category from the previous (INEGI 2015). It must be noted that around half of the juveniles in 2014 were in treatment centers, while the other half were being rehabilitated in other facilities, that is, in external treatment or assisted liberty. Also, around a third of those in treatment centers were on trial, while the other two thirds had already been convicted of a crime. This proportion has remained the same since 2010 when such data was first made available (Table 6.8).
In 2014 there were 57 treatment centers across the country with different levels of infrastructure. All centers were equipped with dormitories, and most had medical service facilities, workshops, and classrooms. The ratio of juveniles per employee was 1:7. Of course, not all personnel in internment centers are in charge of custody (Table 6.9).
Overall, the infrastructure has remained about the same since 2009 although the number of juveniles in these treatment centers has increased. It must be noted that there are reports of mistreatment of minors in some of these centers. In
Table 6.8. Mexico: Juveniles in treatment centers convicted and awaiting
Source: Author’s own based on INEGI data. The not specified were not included
Table 6.9. Mexico: Internment centers, personnel, and juveniles, 2009-2014
Source: Author’s own based on INEGI data
2014, a study of the Mexican National Commission for Human Rights (CNDH) reported that approximately 66 % of minors had been mistreated either physically or verbally.
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