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CUSTODIAL RULES AND INFRASTRUCTURE FOR JUVENILES

Juveniles cannot be mixed with adult populations, neither during a trial nor as convicts. They are always separated from the moment of detention to the moment of conviction. There are five main types of treatment facilities for juveniles in Mexico: treatment centers (previously known as correctionals), schools of social rehabilitation, community shelters, specialized centers, and other types of centers which fall under a different statistical category from the previous (INEGI 2015). It must be noted that around half of the juveniles in 2014 were in treatment centers, while the other half were being rehabilitated in other facilities, that is, in external treatment or assisted liberty. Also, around a third of those in treatment centers were on trial, while the other two thirds had already been convicted of a crime. This proportion has remained the same since 2010 when such data was first made available (Table 6.8).

In 2014 there were 57 treatment centers across the country with different levels of infrastructure. All centers were equipped with dormitories, and most had medical service facilities, workshops, and classrooms. The ratio of juveniles per employee was 1:7. Of course, not all personnel in internment centers are in charge of custody (Table 6.9).

Overall, the infrastructure has remained about the same since 2009 although the number of juveniles in these treatment centers has increased. It must be noted that there are reports of mistreatment of minors in some of these centers. In

Table 6.8. Mexico: Juveniles in treatment centers convicted and awaiting

trial, 2010-2014

2010

2014

Number

Percent (%)

Number

Percent (%)

Convicted

4237

64.3

5134

65.4

Awaiting trial

2348

35.7

2715

34.6

Total

6585

100.0

7849

100.0

Source: Author’s own based on INEGI data. The not specified were not included

Table 6.9. Mexico: Internment centers, personnel, and juveniles, 2009-2014

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

Centers

58

61

59

60

57

57

Personnel

4605

5154

5180

5741

4374

4748

Juveniles

6563

7634

7303

8261

8256

8024

Ratio J/C

113

125

124

138

145

141

Ratio J/P

1.4

1.5

1.4

1.4

1.9

1.7

Source: Author’s own based on INEGI data

2014, a study of the Mexican National Commission for Human Rights (CNDH) reported that approximately 66 % of minors had been mistreated either physically or verbally.[1]

  • [1] Source: Newspaper La Jornada, March 3, 2015. See: http://www.jornada.unam.mx/ulti-mas/2015/03/03/en-centros-para-recluir-jovenes-se-comenten-torturas-reporta-cndh-7024.html.
 
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