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III Asia

China

Ruohui Zhao and Liqun Cao

China leads the world in its population for years. Youth are the future of a nation and their problems are a national concern. Available statistics shows that in 2012, China had a population of 1.354 billion, among which 20.39 % (0.18 billion) were juveniles under the age of 18. Adolescents under the age of 14 accounted for 15.32 %>; those between 14 (including 14) and 16 years old accounted for 2.33 %>; and adolescents between 16 (including 16) and 18 accounted for 2.74 %> of the overall population (China Statistical Bureau of Population and Employment, National Bureau of Statistics 2013). For a juvenile population of this size, it becomes imperative to build a solid legal basis for the protection of juveniles and the prevention of juvenile crime. This chapter introduces and discusses the following issues on juvenile justice in China: the legal status of juveniles, the age of majority according to Chinese laws, China’s stance toward the UN committee on the rights of the child, trends in juvenile crime using both official and scholarly research statistics, causes of juvenile crime, and the juvenile justice system in China.

One caveat is in order: China is the second largest country in the world, and there are huge differences between urban and rural areas, between coastal and inland regions, and between laws on the book and laws in action. What we describe below is largely laws in book rather than laws in action, and it is more accurate for cities than for rural areas and for the coastal regions than for the inland regions owing to the greater formality in such places.

R. Zhao

University of Macau, Taipa, Macau e-mail: This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it

L. Cao (H)

University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Oshawa, ON, Canada, L1H 7K4 e-mail: This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

S.H. Decker, N. Marteache (eds.), International Handbook of Juvenile Justice, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-45090-2_8

 
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