Home Law International Handbook of Juvenile Justice
TRENDS IN JUVENILE CRIME, 2004-2014
In India, the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) compiles an annual juvenile crime report, Crime in India, for the entire country. The data do not reflect the actual extent of juvenile delinquency because many of these crimes are not reported to the police (Chakraborty, n.d.). However, the data show the trends in reported crimes, including incidents of juvenile crimes under the Indian Penal Code (IPC) 1860 and under Special and Local Laws (SLL) by age groups and gender. Offenses under IPC include: Murder; Attempted murder; Culpable homicide (i.e., manslaughter); Rape (including gang rape and other forms of rapes); Kidnapping (with intent to murder for ransom, and compel women for marriage); Dacoity (i.e., gang robbery with murder and robbery); Burglary and criminal trespass; Theft (including auto theft); Riots, including participation in communal, industrial, political, caste, or student conflicts; Criminal breach of trust, cheating, forgery, and offenses related to counterfeit coins, stamps, currency, bank notes, or documents; Arson; Grievous hurt (aggravated assault, acid attack, or attempted acid attack); Dowry death; Assault on women with intent to outrage her modesty such as sexual harassment, voyeurism, and stalking; Insult
Table 9.1. Incidence and rate of delinquency under Indian Penal Code, 2004-2014
Source: NCRB (2014), Crime in India. New Delhi: Government of India
the modesty of women (in public places, office premises, or other places related to work)’ Cruelty by husband or relatives; Importation of girls from foreign country; Causing death by negligence (e.g., death due to negligent driving); Offenses against state; Extortion; Reckless driving; and Human trafficking (National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) 2014).
Crimes under SLL include violations of Arms Act, Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, Gambling Act, Prohibition Act, Explosives and Explosive Substance Act, Immoral Traffic Act, Indian Railways Act, Registration of Foreigners Act, Protection of Civil Rights Act, Indian Passport Act, Essential Commodities Act, Terrorists and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act, Antiquities and Art Treasures Act, Dowry Prohibition Act, Child Marriage Restraint Act, Indecent Representation of Marriage Act, Copyright Act, Sati (Prevention) Act, Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, and Forest Act. Tables 9.1 and 9.2 provide juvenile crime under IPC and SLL from 2004 through 2014. Juvenile crimes under IPC accounted for 1-1.2 %, whereas juvenile crimes under SLL represented less than 1 % of all SLL crimes (National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) 2014).
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