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SPECIFIC JUVENILE CRIMES IN 2014

In 2014, a total of 33,526 IPC crimes and 5039 SLL crimes involving 48,230 juveniles were reported to the police. Of this, 46,638 (96.7 %) were boys and 1592 (3.3 %) were girls; 80.2 % were living with parents, and 2.4 % were considered

Table 9.2. Incidence and rate of delinquency under Special and Local Laws, 2004-2014

Year

Incidents of juvenile SLL crimes

Total SLL crimes

% Juvenile SLL crimes to total SLL crimes

Mid-year projected population (in 100,000)

Rate of SLL crimes by juveniles

2004

5756

4,196,766

0.14

10,856

0.53

2005

6662

3,203,735

0.20

11,028

0.60

2006

4163

3,224,167

0.13

11,198

0.37

2007

4163

3,743,734

0.11

11,366

0.36

2008

3156

3,844,725

0.20

11,531

0.27

2009

4321

4,553,872

0.09

11,694

0.37

2010

2558

4,525,917

0.05

11,858

0.21

2011

2837

3,927,154

0.07

11,202

0.25

2012

4037

3,654,371

0.11

12,134

0.33

2013

4136

3,992,656

0.10

12,288

0.33

2014

5039

4,377,630

0.11

12,440

0.40

Source: NCRB (2014), Crime in India. New Delhi, India: Government of India

homeless. The ratio of boys to girls apprehended for IPC crimes in 2014 was 97:3 and for SLL crimes was 95:5. The majority of juveniles apprehended for IPC offenses (73.7 %) were in the age range of 16 to 17 years, and a quarter of juveniles (24.7 %) ranged in age from 12 to 15 years. Fewer than 2 %> (1.6 %>) were in the age group of 7-11 years (see Tables 9.3 and 9.4). The highest share of IPC offenses involving boys were theft (n = 8820), burglary (n = 3802), rape (n = 2144), rioting (n = 2074), and grievous hurt (n = 1972). These five offenses made up 44 % of all IPC crimes committed by juveniles. In addition to these crimes, juveniles were involved in serious criminal activities such as murder or attempted murder, attempted rape, kidnapping and abduction, and other forms of violence against women. Girls, although in small number, were primarily involved in the theft- related offenses. They also committed serious offenses such as murder (n = 55), grievous hurt (n = 51), and rioting (n = 48).

Over half (55.6 %) of the juveniles came from families with an income of up to 25,000 (US$380), about one-fifth (22.4 %) were from households with an income of 25,000-50,000, another one-fifth hailed from families whose income levels ranged from 50,000 to 200,000. Regarding the education of apprehended juveniles, 21.8 % were illiterate, 31.1 % had a primary-level education, and 36.6 % had above a primary-level education but below high-school education (NCRB 2014).

The most common crimes registered under SLL were for violating specific Acts (in particular, the Prohibition Act, the Juvenile Justice Act, the Gambling Act, and the Exercise Act) as well as all other SLL crimes. The majority (90.8 %) of these offenses were committed by males, while females were involved in fewer than 10 % of SLL crimes. Also, the majority of them were in the 16-18-year age group for both genders (see Table 9.4).

Table 9.3. Juveniles apprehended under IPC by age group and gender during 2014

Crime head IPC crimes

Below 12 years boys/girls

  • 16 and
  • 12 and below below 18 16 years boys/ years boys/ girls girls

Total for all ages boys

Total for all ages girls

Total for all age groups boys and girls

Murder

14/5

291/9

803/41

1108

55

1163

Attempt to

commit

murder

6/0

213/4

793/13

1012

17

1029

C.H. not amount to murder*

1/0

18/1

43/4

62

5

67

Attempt to commit C.H.

1/0

15/1

61/0

77

1

78

Rape

23/0

632/1

1484/4

2139

5

2144

Attempt to commit rape

0/0

25/0

72/0

97

0

97

Kidnapping

7/0

283/7

1626/9

1916

16

1932

Dacoity**

4/0

47/1

227/0

278

1

279

Preparation of dacoity

0/0

21/0

105/0

126

0

126

Robbery

7/0

339/0

1052/3

1398

3

1401

Burglary/

trespass

83/0

1254/14

2436/15

3773

29

3802

Theft

(including

auto)

237/12

2505/52

6012/45

8754

109

8863

Unlawful

assembly

2/1

24/2

102/7

128

10

138

Riots

6/2

318/15

1702/31

2076

48

2074

Criminal breach of trust

0/0

5/0

62/1

67

1

68

Cheating

0/1

35/1

711/6

746

8

754

Forgery

0/0

1/0

20/0

21

0

21

Counterfeiting

1/0

10/0

25/0

36

0

36

Arson

1/0

13/0

58/2

72

2

74

Grievous hurt

28/3

404/12

1489/150

1921

51

1969

Dowry death

0/0

7/5

31/4

38

9

47

Assault on women outrage her modesty

20/0

360/0

1389/3

1769

3

1772

Insult to the modesty of women (sexual harassment)

0/0

27/0

117/0

144

0

144

Table 9.3. (continued)

Crime head IPC crimes

Below 12 years boys/girls

12 and below 16 years boys/ girls

16 and below 18 years boys/ girls

Total for all ages boys

Total for all ages girls

Total for all age groups boys and girls

Cruelty by husband or relative

3/0

24/2

188/4

215

6

221

Causing death by negligence

0/0

50/0

512/3

562

3

565

Promoting

enmity

0/0

1/0

0/0

1

0

1

Extortion

1/0

10/0

103/1

114

1

115

Reckless

driving

5/0

149/5

1312/17

1466

22

1488

Human

trafficking

0/0

1/2

4/3

5

5

10

Unnatural

offenses

10/0

67/0

100/0

177

0

177

Other IPC crimes

159/25

3109/142

7979/494

11,427

661

11,908

Total cognizable crimes under IPC

619/49

10,258/276

30,618/746

41,495

1071

42,566

NB: * C.H., culpable homicide; ** Dacoity, gang robbery

Source: NCRB (2014), Crime in India. New Delhi: Government of India

Table 9.4. Juveniles apprehended under SLL by age groups and gender during 2014

Crime head SLL crimes

7-12 years 12-16 years 16-18 years boys/girls boys/girls boys/girls

Total for all ages boys

Total for all ages girls

Total age groups boys and girls

Arms Act

2/0

41/0

134/0

177

0

177

Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act

2/0

28/2

114/1

144

3

147

Gambling Act

1/0

44/0

448/1

493

1

494

Excise Act

1/0

22/1

380/2

403

3

406

Prohibition Act

0/0

13/0

1655/420

1668

420

2088

Explosives and Explosive Substances Act

0/0

2/0

46/0

48

0

48

Table 9.3. (continued)

Crime head SLL crimes

7-12 years 12-16 years 16-18 years boys/girls boys/girls boys/girls

Total for all ages boys

Total for all ages girls

Total age groups boys and girls

Immoral Traffic Act

0/0

2/1

15/2

17

3

20

Indian Railways Act

4/0

2/0

0/0

6

0

6

Registration of Foreigners Act

0/0

0/0

1/1

1

1

2

Indian Passport Act

0/0

1/1

2/1

3

2

5

Essential Commodities Act

0/0

0/0

127/0

127

0

127

Dowry Prohibition Act

0/0

2/0

15/0

17

0

17

Copyright Act

0/0

0/0

7/0

7

0

7

SC/ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act

0/1

20/1

69/0

89

2

91

Forest Act

0/0

0/0

4/0

4

0

4

Prohibition of Child Marriage Act

0/0

1/0

6/0

7

0

7

Information Technology Act

2/0

7/0

21/0

30

0

30

Electricity Act, 2003

0/0

5/0

41/0

46

0

46

Wildlife Protection Act

0/0

0/0

2/0

2

0

2

Environmental Protection Act

0/0

0/0

5/0

5

0

5

Air (Pollution and Control) Act

0/0

0/0

2/0

2

0

2

Unlawful Activities Act

1/0

2/0

1/0

4

0

4

Prevention of Damage to Public Property Act

0/0

4/0

13/0

17

0

18

Foreigners Act

4/3

17/1

8/3

29

7

36

Juvenile Justice Act

147/28

279/27

35/5

461

60

521

Representation of People Act

0/0

0/0

1/0

1

0

1

Other SLL crimes

8/0

156/4

1170/14

1334

18

1352

Maritime Zones Act

0/0

0/0

1/0

1

0

1

Total cognizable SLL crimes

172/32

648/38

4323/451

5143

521

5664

Source: NCRB (2014), Crime in India. New Delhi, India: Government of India

 
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