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Compared to many developed and developing counties, delinquency and youth crime in India are relatively small (Hartjen and Kethineni 1996). Although children make up over 400 million of the billion plus population in India, they represent less than 4 % of the total crimes reported to the police. Family factors, peer influence, and individual factors were found to be contributing factors for delinquency. Sahmey (2013) found that 90 %> of juveniles involved with the juvenile justice system came from families where parents were illiterates with an average monthly income of 4000-5000 (US$60). The study also reported the influence of the peer group as a salient factor for delinquency. Similar to youth in the United States, Indian youth heavily involved with peers tend to engage in delinquency behaviors (Hartjen and Kethineni 1996). Others have reported a lack of family control, neglect, poverty, and exposure to media violence as contributing factors for delinquency (Haveripet 2013).

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