Juvenile Training School
Juvenile training schools house juveniles who have been referred by the Family Court as a means of enforcing the court’s order of “protective measures.” They essentially provide juveniles with correctional education. The school classifies each juvenile by the nature of the problems causing the delinquency and the individual strengths to be developed in the future. According to Article 4 of the Act of that revised how juvenile training schools operated in 2015, a juvenile training school shall be able to assume custody of juveniles from the age of 12 years up and could apply to those up to the age of 23 years. In certain circumstances (DaiSanshu juvenile training schools), the juvenile training schools could provide custody for juveniles under 26 years old. They are separately confined by these categories as outlined in the revised Article 4 related to juvenile training schools. A juvenile training school is also able to confine a juvenile who was originally confined at a juvenile classification home. A juvenile training school is required to refer prisoners who attain the age of 16 years to a correctional facility. According to the revised Article 5 related to juvenile training schools, juveniles in custody should be segregated according to gender. Any necessary examinations of a female body should be conducted by female officers working at the juvenile training school. However, in cases where female juvenile training school officers are unable to conduct the examination, a male juvenile training school officer conducts the examination by directing female staff members who serve as the warden of the penal institution or juvenile training school. Of the 52 juvenile training schools in Japan, there are 9 for girls (including 4 branch schools) nationwide.