IV Europe: Eastern Europe, Western Europe, Scandinavia
Karin БгиекшйПег INTRODUCTION
Austria is a small country in the middle of Europe with a population of about 8.6 million people (2.4 million live in Vienna, the capital). Approximately 1.1 million are children aged under 14 years old, 0.370 million are minors aged from 14 but under 18, and 0.303 million are so-called young adults aged from 18 up to 21 years old. About 20 % of the population has a migration background, 1.2 million are migrants of first generation, additionally 0.4 million are migrants of second generation, so born in Austria as children of migrants. The official language is German. The predominant religion is the Catholicism.
Austria is a federal democratic parliamentarian republic. Since 1995 it is a member state of the European Union and therefore part of the EU police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters. The human rights are characterized by the European Convention on Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and the jurisprudence of European Court of Human Rights.