Home Law International Handbook of Juvenile Justice
CAUSES OF JUVENILE CRIME
Delinquency of juveniles and also of young adults is seen as a phenomenon during a period in which children are coming of age and are still searching for their own identity.
However, there have been conducted no comprehensive studies on causes of juvenile delinquency in Austria. There is only one Austrian study, specialized in shoplifting, which shows in the first results that in groups, peer pressure has a significant role to play for deviant behaviour (Hirtenlehner 2012; Hirtenlehner and Leitgob 2012).
Otherwise findings from research in Germany and Switzerland are transferred to the Austrian discussion due to the comparable social, cultural, and also legal situation in these countries. The presumption is that usually there is no prevailing single causal factor for juvenile delinquency. It is generally accepted that juvenile delinquency is rooted in a wide range of circumstances and also risk factors which are at times unique to each single case. Biological factors, especially any disturbances of personal development, social factors, such as problems in the family, with friends, at school, unemployment, difficulties due to different cultural backgrounds, and also issues of migration are seen as typical causes (Bruckmdller and Schumann 2014).
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