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DIFFERENCES IN TREATMENT OF BOYS AND GIRLS

In the previous chapters we already pointed out some differences between boys and girls. As opposed to boys, girls are mostly drawn into the youth justice system due to non-delinquent cases. Also, girls are younger when they are arrested for an offence (average girls: 15 years; average boys: 17 years). While for both girls and boys property offences are the most common offences, it appears that boys are more arrested for serious property offences (e.g. burglary and violent thefts) (Openbaar Ministerie 2012). Another difference is the number and nature of places foreseen in the residential institutions. Furthermore, as mentioned, there is no specific specialised juvenile detention centre for girls transferred to adult court. These girls still end up in adult prisons. For what concerns differences in treatment, it appears that in Flanders, girls are more often placed in a closed section of a residential institutions and less often in an open section. This may be due to the fact that there are less open places for girls. Also, community service is less frequently imposed on girls than on boys (Gilbert et al. 2012).

 
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