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FINAL REMARKS

It is hard to tell where Danish Juvenile Criminal Policy will go in the future. Empirical evidence shows decreasing juvenile crime and decreasing crime in general. Strong political voices are talking about “consequentialism” meaning a more punitive approach to the so-called hard core juvenile offenders. Based on a long tradition there is a very close correspondence between social welfare means and criminal justice means regarding juvenile offenders and for the most part what the leading politicians claim is already being practiced in the overlap between justice and welfare. Therefore two important questions must be answered in the near future: Will Denmark take the lead in Scandinavia and lower the age of criminal responsibility and in addition establish a specific juvenile justice system? If this will be the case how much will it change in practical juvenile justice?

REFERENCES

Clausen, S., & Kyvsgaard, B. (2009). Ungdomssanktionen. En effektevaluering. Denmark: The Ministry of Justice.

Greve, V. (2004). Det strafferetlige ansvar (2nd ed.). Denmark: Jurist og okonomforbundets forlag.

Kyvsgaard, B. (2004). Youth justice in Denmark. In Crime and justice: A review of research (vol. 31). Chicago: The University of Chicago.

Lappi-Seppala, T., & Storgaard, A. (2015). Nordic mediation—Comparing Denmark and Finland. Neue Kriminalpolitik, 27(2), 136-147.

Ministry of Justice. (2009). Action against justice.

Ministry of Justice. (2015a). Kriminalitet og alder [Crime and Age].

Ministry of Justice. (2015b). Udviklingen i antallet af samfundstjenestedomme [The development in the number of community service orders].

Ministry of Justice. (2015c). Redegarelse om ungdomssanktioner og ubetingede fangselsstraffe til unge lovovertradere [On youth sanctions and unconditional imprisonment for young offenders].

Ministry of Justice. (2016). Udviklingen i barne—og ungdomskriminalitet 2006-2015 [The development in children’s and juvenile’s crime 2006-2015].

Storgaard, A. (2004). Juvenile justice in Scandinavia. Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, 5(2), 188-204.

Storgaard, A. (2009). The youth sanction—A punishment in disguise. In P. Wahlgren (Ed.), Scandinavian studies in Law (Vol. 54, pp. 381-396). Stockholm: The Stockholm University Law Faculty.

Storgaard, A. (2013). Unge lovovertraderes strafansvar, retssikkerhed og lavalder. In K. Nordlof (Ed.), Argumentation i nordisk straffratt. Norstedts Juridik: Sweden.

Vestergaard, J. (2004). A special youth sanction. Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, 5(1), 62-84.

LEGISLATION AND WHITE PAPERS

2014 report from the Prison and Probation Service

Betenkning 1508/2009: Justitsministeriet. Indsatsen mod Ungdomskriminalitet. (White paper on Juvenile Crime)

Betenkning 1545/2014: Straffelovradets bet®nkning om samfundstjeneste mv. (White paper on community service)

Code of Execution of Penalties, LBK 1242, 2015 Criminal Law, LBK 873, 2015

The Administration of Justice Act, LBK 1255, 2015 (LBK = Consolidated Act)

The Danish Police Code, LBK 956, 2015 Law on VOM, no 467, 2009

Anette Storgaard has a licentiate degree in Law and works as an Associate Professor in criminal law and criminology at the Department of Law, University of Aarhus, Denmark. Her main research fields and publications are about Juvenile Justice, prisons, release from prison and alternatives to imprisonment as well as Alternative Dispute Resolution with a specific focus on Restorative Justice and drug addiction and crime has been included.

 
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