Desktop version

Home arrow Law arrow International Handbook of Juvenile Justice

Source

CONCLUSION

This chapter opened with an indication of the pace of change within youth justice in England and Wales and the prospect that the current review of youth justice will lead to further reform. Previous shifts in legislation, policy, and practice have addressed some concerns, left others untouched and given rise to new, and unanticipated problems. The extent to which any reforms emanating from the ongoing government review of youth justice will fare better remains to be seen.

REFERENCES

Acton, E. (2015). Restorative justice a postcode lottery?—Availability and quality of service. Safer Communities, 14(3), 120-125.

Arthur, R. (2010). Young offenders and the law. London: Routledge.

Ashford, M., Chard, A., & Redhouse, N. (2006). Defending young people in the criminal justice system (3rd ed.). London: Legal Action Group.

Audit Commission. (2004). Youth justice 2004: A review of the reformed youth justice system. London: Audit Commission.

Bandalli, S. (2000). Children, responsibility and the new youth justice. In B. Goldson (Ed.), The new youth justice (pp. 81-95). Lyme Regis: Russell House publishing.

Bateman, T. (2012a). Criminalising children for no good purpose: The age of criminal responsibility in England and Wales. London: NAYJ.

Bateman, T. (2012b). Who pulled the plug? Towards an explanation of the fall in child imprisonment in England and Wales. Youth Justice, 12(1), 36-52.

Bateman, T. (2013a). Keeping up (tough) appearances: The age of criminal responsibility in England and Wales. Criminal Justice Matters, 92(1), 28-29.

Bateman, T. (2013b). Detaining children at the police station: A failure to comply with legislation. London: NAYJ.

Bateman, T. (2015a). The state of youth justice 2015. London: NAYJ.

Bateman, T. (2015b). Trends in detected youth crime and contemporary state responses. In B. Goldson & J. Muncie (Eds.), Youth crime and justice (pp. 67-82). London: Sage.

Bateman, T. (in press). Youth justice. In P. Davies, J. Harding, & G. Mair (Eds.), Criminal justice in England and Wales: An introduction. London: Sage.

Bateman, T., & Hazel, N. (2014). Resettlement of girls and young women: Research report. London: Beyond Youth Custody.

Bernard, T. (1992). The cycle of juvenile justice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bowles, R., Garcia Reyes, M., & Pradiptyo, R. (2005). Safer schools partnerships. London: Youth Justice Board.

Cadman, S. (2005). Proportionality in the youth justice system. In T. Bateman & J. Pitts (Eds.), The RHP companion to youth justice (pp. 59-64). Lyme Regis: Russell House publishing.

Cape, E. (2011). Defending suspects at police stations (6th ed.). London: Legal Action Group.

Carlile, L. A. (2014). Report of independent Parliamentarians’ inquiry into the operation and effectiveness of the youth court. London: Sieff Foundation.

Centre for Social Justice. (2012). Rules of engagement: Changing the heart of youth justice. London: CSJ.

Children’s Commissioner for England. (2015). Unlocking potential: A study of the isolation of children in custody in England. London: Children’s Commissioner for England.

Conservative Party. (2015). Strong leadership; a clear economic plan; a brighter more secure future: Conservative party manifesto 2015. London: Conservative Party.

Criminal Justice Joint Inspection. (2011). Who’s looking out for the children? A joint inspection of appropriate adult provision and children in detention after charge. London: CJJI.

Curtis, S. (2005). The welfare principle. In T. Bateman & J. Pitts (Eds.), The RHP companion to youth justice (pp. 53-58). Lyme Regis: Russell House publishing.

Department for Education. (2015). Children looked after in England (including adoption and care leavers) year ending 31 March 2015. London: DfE.

Fergusson, R. (2007). Making sense of the melting pot: Multiple discourses in youth justice policy. Youth Justice, 7(3), 179-194.

Flanagan, R. (2008). The review of policing: Final report. London: Home Office.

Goldson, B. (2000). The new youth justice. Lyme Regis: Russell House publishing.

Gove, M. (2015). Announcement of a review into youth justice (Written statement to Parliament 11 September 2015). London: Ministry of Justice.

Graham, J., & Moore, C. (2008). Beyond welfare versus justice: Juvenile justice in England and Wales. In J. Junger-Tas & S. H. Decker (Eds.), International handbook of juvenile justice (pp. 65-92). New York: Springer.

Great Britain. (1998). Crime and Disorder Act 1998. Elizabeth II. Chapter 37. London: The Stationery Office.

Great Britain. (2003). Criminal Justice Act 2003. Elizabeth II. Chapter 44. London: The Stationery Office.

Haines, K. (2010). The dragonization of youth justice. In W. Taylor, R. Earle, & R. Hester (Eds.), Youth justice handbook: Theory, policy and practice (pp. 231-242). Cullompton: Willan.

Haines, K., & Case, S. (2015). Positive youth justice: Childrenfirst, offenders second. Bristol: Policy Press.

Hart, D. (2012). Legal Aid Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012: Implications for children. London: NAYJ.

Hart, D. (2014). Pre-court arrangements for children who offend. London: NAYJ.

Hazel, N. (2008). Cross national comparison of youth justice. London: Youth Justice Board.

HM Government. (2008). Youth crime action plan 2008. London: HM Government.

HM Inspectorate of Constabulary. (2015). The welfare of vulnerable people in police custody. London: HMIC.

HM Inspectorate of Prisons. (2015). Report on an unannounced inspection of HMYOI Feltham (children and young people). London: HMIP.

Holdaway, S., & Desborough, S. (2004). The national evaluation of the Youth Justice Board’s final warning projects. London: Youth Justice Board.

Home Affairs Committee. (2007). Young black people and the criminal justice system. London: The Stationery Office.

Home Office. (1997). No more excuses: A new approach to tackling youth crime in England and Wales. London: Home Office.

Howard League for Penal Reform. (2015). Child arrests in England and Wales 2014. Research briefing. London: Howard League.

Huizinga, D., Schumann, K., Ehret, B., & Elliott, A. (2003). The effect of juvenile justice system processing on subsequent delinquent and criminal behavior: A cross-national study. Washington: US Department of Justice.

Just for Kids Law. (2015). 17-year olds to be treated as children at police stations. Legal update, Oct. 23, 2015.

Kelly, L., & Armitage, V. (2015). Diverse diversions: Youth justice reform. Localized practices, and a ‘New Interventionist Diversion’? Youth Justice, 15(2), 117-133.

Lipscombe, S. (2012). The age of criminal responsibility in England and Wales. London: House of Commons Library.

May, T., Gyateng, T., & Bateman, T. (2009). Exploring the needs of young black and minority ethnic offenders and the provision of targeted interventions. London: Youth Justice Board.

May, T., Gyateng, T., & Hough, M. (2010). Differential treatment in the youth justice system. London: Equality and Human Rights Commission.

Ministry of Justice. (2013). Code of practice for youth conditional cautions. London: MoJ.

Ministry of Justice. (2015a). Youth justice review: Terms of reference. London: MoJ.

Ministry of Justice. (2015b). Criminal justice statistics: December 2014. London: MoJ.

Ministry of Justice. (2015c). Youth custody data: November 2015. London: MoJ.

Ministry of Justice/Youth Justice Board. (2015). Youth justice annual statistics 2013/14. London: MoJ.

Monaghan, G. (2005). Children’s human rights and youth justice. In T. Bateman & J. Pitts (Eds.), The RHP companion to youth justice (pp. 46-52). Lyme Regis: Russell House publishing.

Nacro. (2003). The sentencing framework for children and young people. London: Nacro.

Nacro. (2006). Acting as an appropriate adult: A good practice guide. London: Nacro.

National Audit Office. (2010). The youth justice system in England and Wales: Reducing offending by young people. London: NAO.

National Police Chiefs’ Council. (2015). National strategy for the policing of children and young people. London: National Police Chiefs’ Council.

Newbury, A. (2011). “I would have been able to hear what they think”: Tensions in achieving restorative outcomes in the English youth justice system. Youth Justice, 11(3), 250-265.

Police Foundation. (2011). Safer school partnerships. London: Police Foundation.

Redmond, A. (2015). Children in custody 2014-15: An analysis of 12-18-year-olds’ perceptions of their experience in secure training centres and young offender institutions. London: HM Inspectorate of Prisons.

Royal Society. (2011). Brain waves 4: Neuroscience and the law. London: The Royal Society.

Sentencing Guidelines Council. (2009). Overarching principles: Sentencing youths. London: SGC.

Sharpe, G., & Gelsthorpe, L. (2015). Girls, crime and justice. In B. Goldson & J. Muncie (Eds.), Youth crime and justice (pp. 49-63). London: Sage.

Smith, R. (2014). Reinventing diversion. Youth Justice, 14(2), 109-121.

Solanki, A. R., Bateman, T., Boswell, G., & Hill, E. (2006). Anti-social behaviour orders. London: Youth Justice Board.

Souhami, A. (2007). Transforming youth justice: Occupational identity and cultural change. Cullompton: Willan.

UN Committee on the Rights of the Child. (2002). Concluding observations: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Geneva: UN.

UN Committee on the Rights of the Child. (2008). Concluding observations: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Geneva: UN.

Welsh Government. (2013). The Welsh Government Contribution to the 5 th UK state party report for the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child. Cardiff: Welsh Government.

Welsh Government. (2014). Children’s Rights Scheme 2014: Arrangements for having due regard to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) when Welsh Ministers exercise any of their functions. Cardiff: Welsh Government.

Wigzell, A. (2014). Moving beyond the ASBO? A review of the proposed anti-social behaviour measures and their implications for children. Safer Communities, 13(2), 73-82.

Tim Bateman is Reader in Youth Justice at the University of Bedfordshire, currently seconded for a period of 2 years as Principal Policy Adviser (Youth Justice) to the Children’s Commissioner for England. Prior to moving into academia, Tim had an extensive background as a social worker with children in conflict with the law and in juvenile justice policy. He has written widely on issues pertaining to youth crime and juvenile justice. Tim is co-editor of Community Safety journal, contributes the news section to Youth Justice journal and is Deputy Chair of the National Association for Youth Justice.

 
Source
Found a mistake? Please highlight the word and press Shift + Enter  
< Prev   CONTENTS   Next >