Desktop version

Home arrow Law arrow International Handbook of Juvenile Justice

Source

Nonresidential Measures

Among the three types of nonresidential educational measures, reprimand has the longest tradition, but its use has been decreasing as (at least seemingly) more effective alternatives have been introduced.

The largest group of measures is hidden under the category “Instructions and prohibitions,” which includes 11 different options for the court to choose from. The juvenile offender thus may be required to (1) make a personal apology to the injured party; (2) reach a settlement with the injured party by means of payment, work, or otherwise in order to recover the damages caused in the course of committing the offense; (3) regularly attend school; (4) take up a form of vocational e, ducation or to take up a form of employment suitable to the offender’s knowledge, skills, and inclinations; (5) live with a specified family or in a certain institution; (6) perform community service or work for humanitarian organizations; (7) submit oneself to treatment in an appropriate health institution; (8) attend sessions of educational, vocational, psychological, or other consultation; (9) attend a social training course; (10) pass an examination for obtaining a driving license; or may be prohibited to (11) operate a motor vehicle (Art. 77, Par. 2 of the Criminal Code).

While several instructions and prohibitions have become a regular choice of Slovenian courts, there are some issues with their practical implementation. The most problematic seems to be community service, which even after 20 years since its implementation, has not been fully utilized. There have been substantive

Year

Total nonresidential educational measures

Reprimand %

Instructions and prohibitions %o

Supervision by a social welfare agency %

2000

549

31.7

24.4

43.9

2001

541

30.9

19.2

49.9

2002

686

31.6

15.5

52.9

2003

522

32.8

14.5

52.7

2004

570

25.8

16.7

57.5

2005

452

22.3

19.5

58.2

2006

459

22.2

15.5

62.3

2007

411

19.5

21.2

59.3

2008

432

18.5

28.3

53.2

2009

375

15.7

27.7

56.6

2010

304

21.1

26.3

52.6

2011

318

16.7

29.9

53.4

2012

349

14.3

34.7

51.0

2013

368

20.7

24.1

55.2

2014

276

11.9

15.2

72.9

(Source: Statistical Office)

problems in the early stages of implementation, mainly due to nonresolved financial issues, some of which have not been resolved even after two decades (Filipcic 2015).

During the implementation of the imposed measure, the court may decide to replace it with a different measure, should regular reporting from social service agencies indicate that such a change would achieve the purpose of sentencing, i.e., resocializing and reeducating them (Table 19.5).

 
Source
Found a mistake? Please highlight the word and press Shift + Enter  
< Prev   CONTENTS   Next >

Related topics