Home Law International Handbook of Juvenile Justice
Among the three types of nonresidential educational measures, reprimand has the longest tradition, but its use has been decreasing as (at least seemingly) more effective alternatives have been introduced.
The largest group of measures is hidden under the category “Instructions and prohibitions,” which includes 11 different options for the court to choose from. The juvenile offender thus may be required to (1) make a personal apology to the injured party; (2) reach a settlement with the injured party by means of payment, work, or otherwise in order to recover the damages caused in the course of committing the offense; (3) regularly attend school; (4) take up a form of vocational e, ducation or to take up a form of employment suitable to the offender’s knowledge, skills, and inclinations; (5) live with a specified family or in a certain institution; (6) perform community service or work for humanitarian organizations; (7) submit oneself to treatment in an appropriate health institution; (8) attend sessions of educational, vocational, psychological, or other consultation; (9) attend a social training course; (10) pass an examination for obtaining a driving license; or may be prohibited to (11) operate a motor vehicle (Art. 77, Par. 2 of the Criminal Code).
While several instructions and prohibitions have become a regular choice of Slovenian courts, there are some issues with their practical implementation. The most problematic seems to be community service, which even after 20 years since its implementation, has not been fully utilized. There have been substantive
(Source: Statistical Office)
problems in the early stages of implementation, mainly due to nonresolved financial issues, some of which have not been resolved even after two decades (Filipcic 2015).
During the implementation of the imposed measure, the court may decide to replace it with a different measure, should regular reporting from social service agencies indicate that such a change would achieve the purpose of sentencing, i.e., resocializing and reeducating them (Table 19.5).
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