Home Law International Handbook of Juvenile Justice
DIFFERENCES IN TREATMENT OF BOYS AND GIRLS
There are no normative differences envisioned, apart for the division between the prison institutions to which girls and boys sentenced to juvenile imprisonment are sent. There is no such distinction with regard to residential educational measures as educational and correctional homes house both genders together.
As common in other systems as well, the proportion of girls among juvenile offenders is significantly smaller than the proportion of boys. A quick look at the data gathered by the Statistical Office shows that among all the criminal complaints against juvenile offenders in 2014 about 20 % were girl offenders. The percentage drops at the next stage: among the charges filed against juvenile offenders about 10 %> are girls and among juvenile offenders sentenced for a criminal offense about 11 % are girls. Moreover, in 2014 none of the girls were sentenced to either juvenile imprisonment or any of the residential educational measures, which is also rather common. As previously mentioned, only one girl has been sentenced with juvenile imprisonment in the last 15 years.
There has been no research that would allow us to assess whether such an occurrence is a consequence of preferential treatment for girls or a consequence of actual differences in the criminal offenses boys and girls have committed, but it seems safe to assume it may be a bit of both. The only girl sent to juvenile prison has committed murder and has been sentenced accordingly, but there have been no similar acts from other juvenile girls in recent years (Petrovec and Plesnicar 2009).
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