Trends in Juvenile Crime Over the Period 2004-2014
In Turkey, statistics regarding the number of prosecutions, trials, and sentencing of juvenile offenders, juvenile arrestees and prisoners are collected by the Ministry of Justice. The data are published by the Turkish Statistical Institute annually in two volumes: “Judicial Statistics” and “Prison Statistics.” Additionally, the Ministry of Justice General Directorate of Prisons and Detention Houses publishes on its official web site the current population of the arrestees and convicts.
Graph 24.1. The juvenile population (12-17 years of age) in prison between the years 2005 and 2015. Source: Republic of Turkey Ministry of Justice General Directorate of Prisons and Detention Houses 2016.
Graph 24.2. Juvenile population in prison by crime types by the year 2016. Source: Republic of Turkey Ministry of Justice General Directorate of Prisons and Detention Houses 2016.
According to the Ministry of Justice General Directorate of Prisons and Detention Houses, the number of juvenile arrestees has been undulating during the period 2005-2015, while the number of juvenile convicts has been increasing year by year. The number of juvenile convicts in 2015 is five times higher than in 2005 (see Graph 24.1). The most common crime committed is theft, followed by drug offenses, sex crimes, robbery, homicide, and assault (see Graph 24.2).
The Turkish Statistical Institute’s data shows that, in the past 5 years, the percent of juvenile offenders convicted for theft has been increasing, while the percent of juveniles convicted for robbery has been decreasing. Accordingly, between the years 2004 and 2010 the most frequent crime type was robbery, but since 2010 theft has been leading consistently. During this same time period, homicide has been declining, and assault has remained stable. Finally, sex crimes increased considerably from 2012 to 2013 (see Table 24.1).