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Introduction

Yoshitaka Masutani, Sakon Noriki, Shoji Kido, Hidetaka Arimura, Morimasa Tomikawa, Hidekata Hontani, and Yoshinobu Sato

Abstract This chapter presents the background and purpose of the computational anatomy research field from medical (needs) and technical (seeds) perspectives. We begin with a historical overview of the emergence of the discipline of computational anatomy (Sect. 1.1). Then, overviews of existing fields and the potential impact of computational anatomy on them are described (Sect. 1.2). To clarify the value of computational anatomy from the clinical viewpoint, medical education, diagnostic imaging, surgery, and radiation therapy are discussed, including situations that

Y. Masutani

Faculty of Information Science, Hiroshima City University, Hiroshima, 731-3194, Japan e-mail: This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it

S. Noriki

Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Fukui, Eiheiji-cho, Fukui, 910-1193, Japan e-mail: This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it

S. Kido

Department of Information Science and Engineering, Yamaguchi University, Ube-shi,

Yamaguchi, 755-8611, Japan

e-mail: This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it

H. Arimura

Department of Health Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, 812-8582, Japan e-mail: This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it

M. Tomikawa

Department of Surgery, Fukuoka City Hospital, Fukuoka, 812-0046, Japan e-mail: This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it

H. Hontani

Department of Computer Science, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Aichi, 466-8555, Japan e-mail: This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it

Y. Sato (H)

Graduate School of Information Science, Nara Institute of Science and Technology, Ikoma-shi, Nara, 630-0192, Japan e-mail: This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it

© Springer Japan KK 2017

H. Kobatake, Y. Masutani (eds.), Computational Anatomy Based on Whole Body Imaging, DOI 10.1007/978-4-431-55976-4_1

motivated the emergence of computational anatomy (Sect. 1.2.1). Similarly, from the technical (computer science) viewpoint, important technological developments providing the theoretical and algorithmic basis of computational anatomy are explored (Sect. 1.2.2). This book mainly addresses the development of whole-body computational anatomy, which is supported by the rapid progress of whole-body 3D imaging technologies. Thus, the impact of whole-body imaging (Sect. 1.3.1) and its utilization (Sect. 1.3.2) are discussed. Finally, the structure of this book is outlined (Sect. 1.4).

Keywords Medical education • Autopsy imaging • Computer-aided diagnosis • Radiation therapy • Computer-assisted surgery • Computer vision • Whole-body imaging

 
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