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Understanding Medical Images Based on Computational Anatomy Models

Shouhei Hanaoka, Naoki Kamiya, Yoshinobu Sato, Kensaku Mori,

Hiroshi Fukuda, Yasuyuki Taki, Kazunori Sato, Kai Wu, Yoshitaka Masutani, Takeshi Hara, Chisako Muramatsu, Akinobu Shimizu, Mikio Matsuhiro, Yoshiki Kawata, Noboru Niki, Daisuke Fukuoka, Tomoko Matsubara, Hidenobu Suzuki, Ryo Haraguchi, Toshizo Katsuda, and Takayuki Kitasaka

S. Hanaoka

The University of Tokyo, 113-8654, Tokyo, Japan e-mail: This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it

N. Kamiya

Aichi Prefectural University, 480-1198, Aichi, Japan e-mail: This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it

Y. Sato

Nara Institute of Science and Technology, 630-0192, Nara, Japan e-mail: This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it

K. Mori

Nagoya University, 464-8601, Nagoya, Japan e-mail: This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it

H. Fukuda

Division of Radiology, Tohoku Medical and Pharmaceutical University, 981-8558, Miyagi, Japan e-mail: This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it

Y. Taki ? K. Sato

Department of Nuclear Medicine and Radiology, Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer,

Tohoku University, 980-8575, Miyagi, Japan

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K. Wu

Department of Biomedical Engineering, School of Material Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, 510006, Guangdong, China e-mail: This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it

Y. Masutani

Hiroshima City University, 731-3194, Hiroshima, Japan e-mail: This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it

T. Hara • C. Muramatsu • D. Fukuoka Gifu University, 501-1194, Gifu, Japan

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© Springer Japan KK 2017 151

H. Kobatake, Y. Masutani (eds.), Computational Anatomy Based on Whole Body Imaging, DOI 10.1007/978-4-431-55976-4_3

Abstract This chapter presents examples of medical image understanding algorithms using computational anatomy models explained in Chap. 2. After the introductory in Sect. 3.1, Sect. 3.2 shows segmentation algorithms for vertebrae, ribs, and hip joints. Segmentation algorithms for skeletal muscle and detection algorithms for lymph nodes are explained in Sects. 3.3 and 3.4, respectively. Section

3.5 deals with algorithms for understanding organs/tissues in the head and neck regions and starts with computational neuroanatomy, followed by analysis and segmentation algorithms for white matter, brain CT, oral regions, fundus oculi, and retinal optical coherence tomography (OCT). Algorithms useful in the thorax, specifically for the lungs, tracheobronchial tree, vessels, and interlobar fissures from a thoracic CT volume, are presented in Sect. 3.6. Section 3.7 provides algorithms for breast ultrasound imaging, i.e., mammography and breast MRI. Cardiac imaging algorithms in an echocardiographic image sequence and MR images as well as coronary arteries in a CT volume are explained in Sect. 3.8. Section 3.9 deals with segmentation algorithms of abdominal organs, including the liver, pancreas, spleen, kidneys, gastrointestinal tract, and abdominal blood vessels, followed by anatomical labeling of segmented vessels.

Keywords Segmentation • Head • Neck • Thoracic • Abdomen • CT • MR • X-ray • Fundus image • OCT

A. Shimizu (H)

Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, 184-8588, Tokyo, Japan e-mail: This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it

M. Matsuhiro • Y. Kawata • N. Niki • H. Suzuki

The University of Tokushima, 770-8501, Tokushima, Japan

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T. Matsubara

Nagoya Bunri University, 492-8520, Aichi, Japan e-mail: This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it

R. Haraguchi

Graduate School of Applied Informatics, University of Hyogo, 650-0047, Hyogo, Japan e-mail: This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it

T. Katsuda

Butsuryo College of Osaka, 593-8328, Osaka, Japan e-mail: This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it

T. Kitasaka

Aichi Institute of Technology, 470-0392, Aichi, Japan e-mail: This email address is being protected from spam bots, you need Javascript enabled to view it

 
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