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Home arrow Education arrow American public education and the responsibility of its citizens : supporting democracy in the age of accountability


  • 1. Benjamin R. Barber, A Passion for Democracy: American Essays (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1998).
  • 2. Terri S. Wilson, Negotiating Public and Private: Philosophical Frameworks for School Choice (Boulder: University of Colorado, Educational Policy Research Center, 2008); Christopher Lubienski and Sarah Thuele Lubienski, The Public School Advantage: Why Public Schools Outperform Private Schools (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2014).
  • 3. Michael Leachman and Chris Mai, “Most States Still Funding Schools Less Than Before Recession,” Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, Oct 16, 2014. http://www.cbpp. org/files/9-12-13sfp.pdf
  • 4. Phi Delta Kappa/Gallup Poll, 2016.
  • 5. Steven C. Ward, Neoliberalism and the Global Restructuring of Knowledge and Education (New York: Routledge, 2012), 2.
  • 6. Stanley Fish would likely make this allegation. See “Neoliberalism and Higher Ed.” New York Times, March 8, 2009.
  • 7. David Meens, “Democratic Ed. vs. Smithian Efficiency: Prospects for a Deweyan Ideal in the ‘Neoliberal Age,'” Educational Theory 66, nos. 1-2 (2016): 211-226.
  • 8. Colin Crouch, The Strange Non-Death of Neoliberalism (Malden, MA: Polity Press, 2011), 74.
  • 9. Jeffrey R. Henig, Rethinking School Choice: Limits of the Market Metaphor (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1994); Lubienski and Lubienski, The Public School Advantage.
  • 10. Crouch, The Strange Non-Death of Neoliberalism, 96.
  • 11. Milton Friedman, Capitalism and Freedom (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1962). Although Friedman was perhaps naive in failing to anticipate what would become a widespread practice of lobbying among firms to enshrine their social goals in policy.
  • 12.
  • 13. David Matthews, Reclaiming Public Education by Reclaiming Our Democracy (Dayton, OH: Kettering Foundation Press, 2006), iii-iv.
  • 14. Judith Green, Pragmatism and Social Hope: Deepening Democracy in Global Contexts (New York: Columbia University Press, 2008), 203.
  • 15. Benjamin R. Barber, “A Failure of Democracy, Not Capitalism,” New York Times, July 29, 2002.
  • 16. Chris Edwards, “Federal Government: Too Big to Manage”; Gallup, Inc. “Government.” July 28, 2015
  • 17. Harry C. Boyte, “Practical Politics,” in Education for Democracy: Citizenship, Community, Service: A Sourcebook for Students and Teachers, ed. Benjamin R. Barber and Richard M. Battistoni (Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt Publishing, 1999), 172.
  • 18. Consider a recent example of parent uproar over a school leader's efforts to reign in the push for individual success because of the harm it was inflicting on children. Kyle Spencer, “New Jersey School District Eases Pressure on Students, Baring an Ethic Divide,” New York Times, Dec. 25, 2015. Thanks to Walter Feinberg for bringing this example to my attention.
  • 19. Kenneth A. Sirotnik, Holding Accountability Accountable: What Ought to Matter in Public Education (New York: Teachers College Press, 2004).
  • 20. Deborah Kerdeman, “Why the Best Isn’t So Bad: Moderation and Ideals in Educational Reform,” Educational Theory 59, no. 5 (2009): 527.
  • 21. Linda McNeil, “Private Asset or Public Good: Education and Democracy at the Crossroads,” American Educational Research Journal 39, no. 2 (2002): 244-245.
  • 22. Peter Levine and Karol Edward Soltan, eds., Civic Studies: Approaches to the Emerging Field (Washington, DC: Bringing Theory to Practice, 2014).
  • 23. Robert Reich, “The Decline of the Public Good,” Business Insider, January 4, 2012.
  • 24. Wendy D. Puriefoy, “The Education of Democratic Citizens: Citizen Mobilization and Public Education,” in The Public Schools, eds. Susan Fuhrman and Marvin Lazerson (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005), 237.
  • 25. Nel Noddings, “Public Schooling, Democracy, and Religious Dissent,” in Developing Democratic Character in the Young, ed. Roger Soder, John I. Goodlad, and Timothy J. McMannon (San Francisco: Jossey Bass, 2001), 162.
  • 26. Mike Rose, Why School? Reclaiming Education for All of Us (New York: The New Press, 2009), 156; Benjamin R. Barber, “A Failure of Democracy, Not Capitalism,” New York Times, July 29, 2002.
  • 27. Thanks to Kathleen Knight Abowitz for helping me articulate this response to cynicism.
  • 28. Craig Calhoun, “The Public Good as a Social and Cultural Project,” in Private Action and the Public Good, ed. Walter W. Powell and Elisabeth S. Clements (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1998), 32.
  • 29. Benjamin Barber, “An Aristocracy of Everyone,” in The Last Best Hope: A Democracy Reader, ed. Stephen John Goodlad (San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2001), 16.
  • 30. Patricia Hill Collins, Another Kind of Public Education: Race, Schools, the Media, and Democratic Possibilities (Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 2009), ix.
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