Home Environment Development of Recycled Polypropylene Plastic Fibres to Reinforce Concrete
Fibre Production and Measurement
Raw Materials for Fibre Production
Raw materials for producing virgin PP, recycled PP and HDPE used in this study are commercial grade granules. Their characteristics given in the manufacturer specifications are presented in Table 3.1 (LyondellBasell 2013; Martogg 2013; PTTPM 2013).
© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017
S. Yin, Development of Recycled Polypropylene Plastic Fibres
to Reinforce Concrete, Springer Theses, DOI 10.1007/978-981-10-3719-1_3
Table 3.1 Characteristics of raw materials of plastic fibres
Preparation of PP Fibres
As shown in Fig. 3.1, the plastic granules were fed into a single-screw extruder and melted. Temperatures of five heating zones of the extruder were set at 218, 223, 225, 233 and 235 °C. Fibres were then extruded into a water bath from the nozzle at the tip of the extruder. The extruded fibers are pulled to a chill roll and hot-drawn in the ovens at 120-150 °C. The resulting fibres through the second chill roll were smooth and had a circular cross-section of around 0.9 mm2. An indented roller die was used to mark indents on the fibres, in order to increase the bonding strength between the fibres and concrete. After indentation, fibers were cut into a length of 47 mm. Table 3.2 lists the virgin and recycled PP fibres produced through this
Fig. 3.1 Extrusion apparatus for monofilaments
Table 3.2 Details of PP fibres
method. They were 100% virgin PP fibre, 5:95 HDPE-virgin PP fibre, 100% recycled PP fibre, 5:95 HDPE-recycled PP fibre, and 50:50 virgin-recycled PP fibre. Their details can be seen in Table 3.2.
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