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Underlying Motives for Food Security Actions Undertaken by Households

Additionally, households were asked to state their underlying motives for taking action on food security. They were asked to rate how much they agree (on a 5-point Likert scale) with 12 statements, derived from qualitative research, about potential motives for taking food security actions.

With no statement having a mean score (MS) > 4.00, the underlying reasons why households produced, stored, froze, salted, cured, or pickled food are mainly to develop the self-sufficiency of the household, to avoid dependence on products which are out of season, and to control the quality of the food (Table 14.1).

Table 14.1 Underlying motives for food security actions taken by households (%)

Statements

1

2

3

4

5

MS

StD

Self-sufficiency of household from external forces or 3rd parties and simultaneously save money

40.5

40.9

14.1

42.0

34.6

4.0

1.0

To cover household needs on out-ofseason products which I will have stored/ frozen/ processed, and in this way I will not have to buy imported products or out-of-season ones

50.4

50.4

70.7

42.4

39.2

4.0

1.1

Control the quality of food that my family has access to

50.4

50.7

20.9

38.9

29.1

3.8

1.1

Prevention in case of war or other extreme situations

80.9

14.7

22.1

25.5

28.7

3.6

1.3

In case of the event of state bankruptcy

11.0

15.6

24.5

22.5

26.4

3.4

1.3

Prevention in case I cannot produce the raw material needed for the household in order to process food

11.1

21.1

26.2

20.0

21.6

3.2

1.3

In case of future exchange economy

90.3

17.4

26.9

22.3

24.1

3.3

1.3

In case someone in the family gets fired or is unemployed

15.6

16.5

18.8

27.8

21.3

3.2

1.4

To have to eat in the future if something goes amiss (e.g., hunger)

13.7

14.2

22.0

31.7

18.4

3.3

1.3

Prevention in the absence of food suppliers/imports of agricultural products/ raw material for food processing

11.0

23.0

27.2

21.8

17.0

3.1

1.2

Protect household from continuous price increase of agricultural products, food, or beverages

47.7

29.9

13.1

60.2

30.1

2.6

1.1

In order to sell the food if and when needed

37.3

30.5

18.8

90.6

30.9

2.1

1.1

 
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