Increasing Electricity Demands in the UAE
In the GCC, Saudi Arabia, UAE, and Kuwait were the only countries that have peak electricity generations greater than 10,000 MW. In the UAE, peak electricity demand in 2007 was 5830 MW for Abu Dhabi, 4730 MW for Dubai, 1557 MW for Sharjah, and 1680 MW for the other emirates (Gulf News 2008). Recent figures in Abu Dhabi showed that peak electricity generation by the Abu Dhabi Water and Electricity Authority (ADWEA) exceeded 10,000 MW for the first time in early July 2012 (ADWEC 2012). It is predicted that Abu Dhabi’s electricity demand will rise by an average of almost 13 % per year this decade, a rate that is one-third faster than the increase in power use in the last 5 years (The National 2011). Electricity use in Abu Dhabi and exports to other emirates will rise to 28,188 MW by 2020. In 2008, commercial and residential buildings in Dubai were responsible about 46 and 34 % of total electricity consumption (27,931 GWh), respectively. The remaining 20 % was consumed in industrial and other uses. The forecasted electricity load figures for the year 2020 are more than double this level. According to information from the Dubai Electricity and Water Authority (DEWA) published in Arabian Business (2012), power demand in Dubai peaked at 6165 MW in the period April 1-June 30, up from a peak of 5941 MW in the second quarter of 2011; this represents a rise of 3.8 % in the second quarter of 2012, compared to the same period last year.