Home Engineering Sustainable High Rise Buildings in Urban Zones: Advantages, Challenges, and Global Case Studies
Indoor Environment and Assessment
Baizhan Li and Runming Yao
High-rise buildings became popular due to increasing urbanization and land prices combined with advances in structure and construction technologies. By the midtwentieth century, high-rise buildings featuring steel structural frames and glass exterior sheathing had become a standard feature of the architectural landscape in most countries worldwide (Encyclopedia 2013).
The birth of high-rise building in China dates back to the 1920s and 1930s. The rapid urbanization and large population lead to a high demand for the construction of high-rise buildings; in 2014, 60 % of new over 200 m buildings within global range were completed in China (CTBUH 2015). Figure 4.1 shows the distribution of super high-rise buildings more than 250 m high in China.
Indoor Environment Quality
The indoor environmental quality (IEQ) is considered to be one of the most important health concerns since people spend over 90 % of their time indoors. The air quality and pollution are the most important environmental factors related to symptoms of Sick Building Syndrome (SBS) in offices (Li 1998). Besides the health concern, the indoor environment has a considerable impact on workplace productivity and occupant well-being. It is essential to understand the criteria for assessing IEQ. Five key factors have been identified as indicators for IEQ assessment based on a broad literature review, namely acoustic, thermal comfort, indoor air quality, visual and electromagnet field (Yao et al. 2008).
B. Li (*) • R. Yao
© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017 A. Sayigh (ed.), Sustainable High Rise Buildings in Urban Zones, DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-17756-4_4
B. Li and R. Yao
Fig. 4.1 Distribution of super high-rise building more than 250 m in China
While the aim of indoor environment design in high-rise is the same as for other types of building—to maintain a comfortable and healthy indoor environment for occupants to work and rest—due to their height and high population density, the indoor environment in high-rise buildings has specific requirements. The study about super-tall residential buildings in Korea reveals that health, including physical health and mental health, is the most influential index for resident well-being, followed by safety and security (Lee et al. 2011). In order to maintain the well-being of occupants, a safe and comfortable indoor environment should be preserved.
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