Home Geography Climate Change Adaptation in Pacific Countries: Fostering Resilience and Improving the Quality of Life
The methodology for designing and implementing the demonstration projects consisted of a multi-step process. At the start of the project climate change profiles were prepared for each country; these included the physical, historical and socio-economic background for each country, the national and sector planning policies, the most up-to-date climate change projections for the country, and climate change adaptation interventions undertaken in the previous five years. These country profiles were used to analyse gaps and needs. This was followed by a consultation phase during which countries used their strategic and development planning policies, plans and budgets to identify a specific sector for the project focus. Project concept notes were prepared and reviewed, followed by further consultations during which national stakeholders designed the elements of their demonstration project. Finally project design documents were prepared describing the activities, and including logframes, budgets, risk matrices and exit strategies. This entire process took on average 12-18 months.
Once the project design document was approved, implementation began. Typically this included recruitment of project staff; procurement of equipment, goods and services; implementation of the intervention; and ongoing monitoring and evaluation cumulating in the capture and exchange of lessons learnt. On average this phase took two or more years.
One of the major limitations of this paper is that there has been insufficient time to monitor the impact of the interventions, as implementation in most countries continued right up to the project end date. A further 3-5 years are required before the impact of the interventions can be fully assessed. This is a major challenge experienced by many development projects in the Pacific and elsewhere, in that implementation usually continues right up to the end of the project, and in many cases beyond, thereby requiring the need for project extensions. Despite this lack of objective and thorough impact analysis, it is still useful to discuss the interventions in terms of the lessons learnt and what were perceived as best practices during the implementation.
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