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Preparing Kanokupolu, ‘Ahau, Tukutonga, Popua and Manuka to Adapt

To prepare these communities for better livelihoods, health and well-being in the future, this paper concluded five most important climate change adaptation actions: (1) land reclamation, (2) reforestation, (3) building of seawall, (4) building of a multipurpose centre, (5) preaching about climate change and nationalising a national fasting day for Tonga.


This study had some limitations in building this model. Firstly, the translation from Tongan into English. The collection of data in communities was conducted in Tongan. To minimise the risk of varied interpretations affecting the model, the researcher completed all translations and had interpretations varied by dual language speakers in the communities studied. Second, the model relied on the participant’s perception of climate change. To prevent perception bias from affecting the model, the study used parallel triangulation design.

Audience Benefit from the Model

This model will be useful to any affected communities in Tonga and the region to plan adaptation for the future, the governments, NGOs, international and regional organizations as well as those who are planning adaptation projects in the region. The graduate students who have some or advance experienced with both quantitative and qualitative research will find this model, useful for designing their first modelling as well. Writers of mixed method research, however, may see this model as state-of-the-art ideas.

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