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Way Forward

Many lessons are being learned from TC Pam that are briefly covered here. The main theme across most lessons learned is that of co-ordination of different sectors and groups, and of different levels of governance, ranging from the community level to provincial to national to international. Here we focus on three main responses that featured in the interviews and across the reports proposing recommendations after TC Pam.

Lesson 1: Integrating responses across sectors and groups

There is a need for a systematic rethink of how the food and water security nexus will be addressed in similar future disaster related conditions. More focus should also be placed on aligning humanitarian and development interventions for both food and water security. This is particularly important where during an El Nino period, impacts on food and water from extreme events such as cyclones are more profound and aggravated by the underlying slow onset effects of reduced rainfall, as has been the case following TC Pam. Therefore taking heed of climate seasonal outlook notifications during the cyclone season should form an indispensable element of both preparedness and response activities by government lead clusters and respective communities. Each cluster brings together the responsible organisations who work together to solve problems and deliver the service. The coordinating role of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and that of government bodies should be strengthened so that there are clear lines of communications and responsibilities and roles across sectors and groups involved in pre- and post-disaster relief and response.

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