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Central and Eastern Europe

The former socialist states in Central and Eastern Europe formed a third category of countries. These countries had just started a process of transition from a centrally-planned to a market-based economy, but were, given their industrial tradition, considered industrialised countries within the INC context. For them, the discussions on targets were not as sensitive as for most of their OECD colleagues because the disintegration of the centrally led regimes in Central and Eastern Europe had resulted in a sharp reduction of greenhouse gas emissions since 1989/1990. Therefore, a greenhouse gas stabilisation target at, say, 1990 levels would probably hardly affect their economic transition process, because during the 1990s the actual emission levels in Central and Eastern Europe were generally well below 1990 levels (European Environment Agency, n.d.). As a result, the Central and Eastern European countries, though active at INC sessions, did not have a crucial and decisive influence on the negotiations.

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