Home Sociology Homo Prospectus
The Present Review
Based on the growing body of literature examining psychological elements at play in creativity, we propose that three sets of factors need considering in order to understand the effects of aging. We begin by reviewing factors related to (a) cognition and expertise, including cognitive abilities, originality, mind-wandering, knowledge and expertise, intuition, pattern recognition, and heuristics. Next, we consider the role of factors related to (b) personality and motivation, including flexibility, openness to experience, integrative complexity, strength of interest, intrinsic motivation, ambition, grit, optimism, confidence, self-efficacy, and energy. Finally, we examine the contribution of (c) interpersonal processes, such as having a good sense of the audience and engaging in collaboration.
Although this list of factors is not exhaustive, these are the most important and thoroughly researched psychological influences.
Cognition and Expertise
Over the past 100 years, intelligence researchers have done a remarkable job cataloging covariations among various cognitive abilities (Carroll, 1993). The modern synthesis takes the form of the Cattell- Horn-Carroll (CHC) theory of cognitive abilities, which consists of nine broad cognitive abilities that have been consistently validated during the past decade (Schneider & McGrew, 2012):
While partially distinct, all nine of these broad cognitive abilities are positively correlated with each other, and are positively correlated, in varying degrees, with a more global cognitive ability factor, g (Carroll, 1993; Jensen, 1998).
|< Prev||CONTENTS||Next >|