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Authors' Note

This research was supported by the MacArthur Foundation (2010-2453), awarded to Jennifer Biedler and Michael A. Evans. We wish to thank the principal, staff, and students at Blacksburg High School, who provided requisite access to school facilities and support throughout this project. We also thank the graduate students from computer science, science education, educational psychology, and instructional design and technology who contributed to project design, implementation, and data collection.


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