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IOT AND M.E.S.: ARE YOU READY FOR THE NEXT INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION?
This chapter presents the impact of the Internet of the Things (IoT) concept on the manufacturing systems and the challenges to which will be faced the R&D actors in order to anticipate on the future evolution. The author first present the general concepts related to IoT and Manufacturing Executing Systems (M.E.S.). Then the announced benefits from this exposition are presented. These benefits won’t be priceless. We will then present the major challenges to be expected from this change.
By 2020, experts expect more than 50 billion of sold objects of the internet of things (Sundmaeker et al., 2010). Such revolution is announced as imminent and certain. Then, different field experts and researchers are working to anticipate the related consequences and challenges. The expected impact is anticipated to cover energy, healthcare, manufacturing, public sector, transportation and related industrial systems (IIC, 2015).
One of the areas that will not certainly stay indifferent to IoT wave is the industrial area. In fact, nowadays a new concept that is becoming more and more current: the fourth industrial revolution “Industry 4.0” (Bloem et al., 2014).
Remember that the first revolution occurred by the 18th century by integrating mechanical production (essentially through steam engine). The second was guided by the introduction of the electric engine from the beginning of the twentieth century (assembly line mass production). The third one was dictated by the computing and networking for automating the manufacturing process. The fourth revolution is accelerated mainly by the M2M and the industrial Ethernet.
Note that the Machine-to-Machine (M2M) represents a future where billions to trillions of everyday objects are interconnected and managing a wide range of devices, networks, and servers (Geng et al., 2011). “M2M refers to those solutions that allow communication between devices of the same type and a specific application all via wired or wireless communication networks. M2M solutions allow end-users to capture data about events from assets, such as temperature or inventory levels. Typically, M2M is deployed to achieve productivity gains, reduce costs and increase safety of security” (Holler et al., 2014).
Many works and organization are proposed in order to guide this revolution such is Industrial Internet Consortium (IIC).
The M.E.S., a must part of supervising and optimizing manufacturing process performance, is not immune toward the IoT “tsunami.” The main goal of this chapter is to present the resulting challenges and the expected future features of M.E.S.
The remainder of this chapter is structured as follows. First, we introduce the most relevant notions of M.E.S. systems and IoT. Second, we will present the expected M.E.S. evolution in the future. Next, the incoming challenges are introduced. Finally, we conclude this chapter by concluding remarks and some perspectives.