Home Health Big Book of Emergency Department Psychiatry
Lysergic Acid Diethylamide
Lysergic Acid Diethylamide (LSD), also known as “acid,” is available in many forms. It is considered to be a very potent and powerful hallucinogen altering both the user’s perceptual experiences and emotional state. LSD is water soluble and is derived from lysergic acid, which is found in a rye fungus. Depending on the form that LSD is found in, it may be called by various names on the street including blotter, doses, hits, microdots, sugar cubes, trip, tabs, or window panes (National Institute on Drug Abuse 2016a).
Psilocybin, also known as “magic mushrooms,” “ shrooms,” and “boomers,” produce similar effects to those of LSD. The hallucinogenic chemical is derived from mushrooms located in the tropical and subtropical climates of South America, Mexico, and the United States. It is usually ingested in a raw or dried form, mixed with food, or brewed into a tea (National Institute on Drug Abuse 2016a).
Dimethyltryptamine (DMT), also known as “Dimitri,” is a chemical found naturally occurring in some Amazonian plants. It is also considered a potent hallucinogen and is categorized as a schedule 1 drug. A synthetic form of the chemical can be produced in a laboratory. DMT is typically either smoked in a pipe or vaporized and inhaled by the user (National Institute on Drug Abuse 2016a).
Peyote (mescaline), also known as “buttons,” “cactus,” and “mesc,” is a small spineless cactus. Concentrations of mescaline are found in buttons on the top of the cactus, which are cut out of the cactus, dried, and then chewed, or soaked or boiled in water and the liquid is consumed by the user. As with LSD and DMT, the chemical can be synthetically produced in a laboratory.
Salvia divinorum, also known as “diviner’s sage,” “magic mint,” or “Sally-D,” is a plant found in Mexico, and in Central and South America. It can be chewed, dried and then smoked or vaporized for inhaling (National Institute on Drug Abuse 2016a).
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