Desktop version

Home arrow Health arrow Big Book of Emergency Department Psychiatry



The increase in child and adolescent psychiatric admits to EDs nationwide is a concerning societal issue that needs to be addressed. The psychiatric assessment and treatment of minors can be a challenging endeavor for any ED psychiatric team to undertake. Overall, in the outpatient arena, there is a lack of child psychiatrists to meet the expanding population of children who need their care. Due to this shortage in community providers, the ED psychiatric services team ends up bridging this gap in outpatient services. Children with acute mental health needs are being treated in the ED setting for many issues that an outpatient provider can address. The ED treatment team needs to be prepared to assess, support, treat, and disposition any children presenting with mental disturbances.


American Psychiatric Association. 2013. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition.

Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association.

Brill, S. 2013. Bitter pill: Why medical bills are killing us. Time, April 4.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2016a. Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. October 5.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2016b. Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. August 11.

Ellis, R R, and Tavia S. 2014. Coresident Grandparents and Their Grandchildren: 2012. Census Study, Washington DC: United States Census Bureau.

Gratz, K L, M T Tull, and R Levy. 2013. Randomized controlled trial and uncontrolled 9-month followup of an adjunctive emotion regulation group therapy for deliberate self-harm among women with borderline personality disorder. Psychological Medicine 44 (10): 2099—2112.

Hella, B and G A Bernstein. 2012. Panic disorder and school refusal. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America 21 (3): 593—606.

Henggeler, S W. 2011. Efficacy studies to large-scale transport: The development and validation of multisystemic therapy programs. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology 7: 351—381. doi:10.1146/ annurev-clinpsy-032210-104615.

Heron, M. 2013. Deaths: Leading Causes for 2010. National Vital Statistics Report, Atlanta, GA: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Lewinsohn, P M, Paul R, and John R S. 1996. Adolescent suicidal ideation and attempts: Prevalence, risk factors, and clinical implications. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice 3 (1): 25—46.

Lock, J, M C La Via, and CQI AACAP. 2015. Practice parameter for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with eating disorders. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 54 (5): 412—425.

Mahajan, P, E R Alpern, Jackie G-P, James C, Lydia D, Richard H, Elizabeth J et al. 2009. Epidemology of psychiatric-related visits to emergency departments in a multicenter collaborative research pediatric network. Perdiatric Emergency Care 25 (11): 715—720.

McClellan, J, Saundra S, and AACAP. 2013. Practice parameter for the assessment and treatment of children and adolescents with schizophrenia. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 52 (9): 976—990.

Merikangas, K R, E F Nakamura, and R C Kessler. 2009. Epidemiology of mental disorders in children and adolescents. Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience 11 (1): 7—20.

Miller, A L, J H Rathus, and Marsha L. 2007. Dialectical Behavior Therapy With Suicidal Adolescents. New York: Guliford Press.

Miller, T R, and D M Taylor. 2005. Adolescent suicidality: Who will ideate, who will act? Suicide and Life Threatening Behavior 35 (4): 425—435.

Rosen, D. 2013. Arresting a teen girl for dozing off in class? Why normal kid behavior is treated as a crime or psychiatric disorder: What happened to kids being kids? Alternet. May 16. civil-liberties/arresting-teen-gril-dozing-class-why-normal-kid-behavior-treated-crime-or.

Rotheram-Borus, M J, J Piacentini, C Cantwell, T R Belin, and J Song. 2000. The 18-month impact of an emergency room intervention for adolescent female suicide attempters. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 68 (6): 1081—1093.

Santucci, K, J Sather, and M Douglas. 2000. Psychiatry-related visits to the pediatric emergency department: A growing epidemic? Pediatric Research 47 (4 suppl 2): 117A.

Sills, M R, and S D Bland. 2002. Summary statistics for pediatric psychiatric vsits to us emergency departments, 1993—1999. Pediatrics 110 (4): e40.

Simon, A E, and K C Schoendorf. 2014. Emergency department visits for mental health conditions among US Children, 2001-2011. Clinical Pediatrics 53 (14): 1359-1366. doi:10.1177/000992814541806.


Find Law. n.d. New York Public Health Law 2504. Enabling certain persons to consent for certain medical, dental, health and hospital services. Find Law. pbh-sect-2504.html.

Found a mistake? Please highlight the word and press Shift + Enter  
< Prev   CONTENTS   Next >

Related topics