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Relationship Quality

Relationship quality was assessed with seven items of the LMX-7 scale by Graen and Uhl-Bien (1995). Response schemes varied from item to item, yet all items were poled left-negative to fit the structure of the continuing questionnaire. Participants were able to rate statements on a scale ranging from 1 to 5.

Means, standard deviations, skewness, and kurtosis were computed. Follower ratings indicated a rather high mean score with a low variance (M = 3.70, SD = 0.70). The lowest mean was retrieved by item 5 (“Again, regardless of the amount of formal authority your leader has, what are the chances that he/she would ‘bail you out’ at his/her expense?”) which accounted for a mean value of 3.38 (SD = 0.97). The highest mean (M = 3.87, SD = 0.89) was achieved in response to statement number 6 (“I have enough confidence in my leader that I would defend and justify his/her decision if he/she were not present to do so”).

Cronbach’s alpha for the LMX-7 revealed a score of a = .90, which is regarded as a very good indicator for internal consistency. Mean inter-item correlations resided between .54 and .68, slightly above the suggested range by Clark and Watson (1995). A summary of descriptive statistics of followers’ assessment of LMX is displayed in Table 12.

Table 12. Scale Statistics for Relationship Quality

Scale

Descriptives

Scale statistics

n

M

SD

Skewness

Kurtosis

a

Mean inter-item correlation

LMX-7

372

3.70

0.70

-0.61

0.09

.90

.56

Item 1

372

3.69

0.94

-0.67

0.29

.54

Item 2

372

3.73

0.91

-0.47

-0.14

.68

Item 3

372

3.63

0.87

-0.71

0.27

.62

Item 4

372

3.76

0.86

-0.69

0.58

.65

Item 5

372

3.38

0.97

-0.40

-0.22

.58

Item 6

372

3.87

0.89

-0.68

0.30

.66

Item 7

372

3.81

0.84

-0.57

0.55

.62

Note. Standard error of skewness = .126. Standard error of kurtosis = .252.

 
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