Home Business & Finance Distance Leadership in International Corporations: Why Organizations Struggle when Distances Grow
Physical distance is one key variable assessed in this work. The aim is to test for moderating influences of physical distance on the relationship between leaders and followers. Physical distance was measured by asking leaders and followers to indicate the location of their permanent office. With the help of online software, the objective physical distance (in km) could then be calculated for each pairing.
Mean physical distance between leaders and followers was revealed with 1319.72 km (SD = 2870.68). The distance ranged from 0 km for those being located in the same city and office building to 10,210 km, working on different continents. The majority of followers was located in the same office building as their leaders (n = 223; 59.9%). The remaining individuals (n = 149; 40.1%). If individuals indicated they were situated in the same city, yet in different office buildings, distances were determined with 1 km. Details on the leader-follower physical distance distribution are illustrated in Table 16.
Table 16. Physical Distance Distribution
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