Desktop version

Home arrow Engineering arrow Engineering and Technology Talent for Innovation and Knowledge-Based Economies: Competencies, Leadership, and a Roadmap for Implementation

Source

Literature Review Methodology

This is a literature review aimed at identifying related studies on competencies and skills needed of twenty-first-century engineers. A number of relevant keywords were utilized in the search of related literature in Google Scholar, as well as research databases such as ScienceDirect and IEEE Explore. Keywords were included, for example “future engineers”, “engineers of 2020”, “engineering employability skills and attributes”, “graduates’ attributes”, “twenty-first-century skills”, “global engineer”, “generic skills”, and “graduate employability”.

The focus of the scan was on identification of key current and futures engineers’ skills set, employability skills, skills set requirements of citizens of iKBEs and KBSs, different research methodologies that have been followed, and any developed frameworks and global approaches utilized to integrate these skills in education and training.

More than 500 studies, reports, and research papers were found. After initial filtering, about 190 of the found documents have been selected for full review. The reviewed articles included about 150 research papers and 40 reports. The majority of studies and reports had a specific national context, such as

  • • USA-focused studies (27 documents): (Casner-Lotto and Barrington 2006; Chang et al. 2009; Co-sponsors et al. 2008; Danielson 2011; Duderstadt 2011; Finegold and Notabartolo 2010; HRA 2013; Hundley 2012; IFEES n.d. 2012; Jamieson et al. 2009; Knight 2012; Mena et al. 2012; Michigan 2009; NAE 2004, 2005, 2011; NSB 2007; P21 2008; Palmer et al. 2011; Parkinson 2009; Patil and Codner 2008; Rajala 2012; SCANS 1991; Shuman et al. 2000a; Terenzini and Lattuca 2011; Tippins and Hilton 2010),
  • • Australia-focused studies (14 documents): (ACER 2002; Bowman 2010; Dawe 2002; DEST 2006, 2007; Gibb 2004; Kerr 2010; SA Male 2010a; MSA 2012; NCVER 2003; Nguyen 1998; Rabl and Hillmer 2012; RAY Townsend and Waterhouse 2008; Wheelahan et al. 2011),
  • • UK-focused studies (11 documents): (Allan and Chisholm 2009; CBI 2007, 2009, 2012; Edinburgh 2012; IEA 2009; Markes 2006; Martin et al. 2008; PyeTait 2011; Spinks et al. 2006; UKCES 2009),
  • • Malaysia-focused studies (6 documents): (NHEAP 2007; Nor et al. 2008; UNESCO 2012; Zaharim et al. 2009; Zaharim et al. 2010),
  • • Canada-focused studies (3 documents): (Canada 2000; Chan and Fishbein 2009; NESP 2010),
  • • Hong Kong-focused studies (2 documents): (Fung et al. 2006; Noakes 2004),
  • • India-focused studies (2 documents): (Mishra 2010; Saravanan 2006),
  • • Ireland-focused studies (2 documents): (Childs and Gibson 2010; Statz 2003),
  • • Scotland [1 study (Hounsell 2011)],
  • • Netherlands [1 study (REFLEX 2007)]
  • • Japan [1 study (Nguyen et al. 2005)],
  • • Indonesia [1 study (UNESCO 2012)],
  • • Philippine [1 study (Llanes 2008)],
  • • Singapore [1 study (WDA 2009)], and
  • • Thailand [1 study (Sunthonkanokpong 2011)].

Some of the other reviewed studies have had an international or continental scope (Continental 2006; ERT 1995; SHAH 2009). No studies were found from the Gulf Corporation Council (GCC), Middle East, or North Africa.

All reported skills in the reviewed studies have been synthesized. A content analysis approach was utilized for systematically categorizing them and also for generating a generic definition for each category. Content analysis is an observational research technique that can be used to systematically evaluate any content in order to identify the scripts in terms of various categories (Li and Cavusgil 1995; Kolbe and Burnett 1991; Holsti 1969). Definitions, terminologies, and types of skills and attributes were synthesized, and a relevant conceptual framework has been developed.

 
Source
Found a mistake? Please highlight the word and press Shift + Enter  
< Prev   CONTENTS   Next >

Related topics