Pedagogies and Engineering Education Research
Engineering education research was one of the themes that was highly recommended by stakeholders from all targeted groups. Focusing on design- and project-based approaches with less written exams, in particular in junior and senior engineering education years, was highly recommended by interviewees (QS). Many calls encourage faculty to move from traditional teaching into more proactive approaches such as problem-based learning and practical learning (Nor et al. 2008). National Academy of Engineering (USA) recommend that engineering education institutions should encourage pedagogical research among its faculty as valued and rewarded activity aiming to understand students’ learning and develop best methodologies of teaching (NAE 2005).
Curriculum, Training, and Programmes
Engineering education programs as a theme was highly emphasized by interviewees for better enhancement. Engineering education curriculum (including initiating new programmes/courses) should be designed in an adaptive manner emphasizing in particular on management and leadership development in engineering education curriculum so that it can cope with future needs and trends of the country flexibly [QS] introducing requirements on continuous education for professional engineers to mandate frequent update of knowledge and skills after graduation and deployment in the workplace [QS]. Once new curricula or educational strategies have been implemented, continuous monitoring and reflection are strongly encouraged (Shuman et al. 2000b).
Engineering Talent and Competency Development
Engineering skills and competencies were highly demanded by stakeholders for better readiness to workplace. Competencies development as a well-rounded approach for enabling development of soft skills for engineering students using curricular and extra-curricular approaches was highly emphasized. (QS) (Bourn and Neal 2008). Making orientations to introduce all the majors to ensure students chose the major/career that suits them was one of the approaches recommended (QS). Developing an engineering career service in the university to assist in employability matters of fresh graduate engineers was also highlighted [QS].