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Servant Leadership

Servant leadership is defined/characterized by placing the needs of followers before the personal interests of the leader (Farling et al. 1999; Patterson 2003; Russell and Stone 2002). Servant leadership is increasingly popular in leadership studies and practices. Servant leadership is argued to hold potential in changing organizations and societies as it stimulates both personal and organizational metamorphoses (Russell and Stone 2002). It is pointed to the servant leader as a person who is sharply different from one who is leader first. “Becoming servant leaders engages us in personal, internal self-change, and changes outward behaviour” (Matteson and Irving 2006). Patterson (2003) presented servant leadership theory as an extension of transformational leadership theory. Patterson’s (2003) model of servant leadership includes the following dimensions as essential characteristics of servant leadership: love, humility, altruism, vision, trust, empowerment, and service.

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