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Methodologies: Quantitative Approach

For the quantitative part, comprehensive surveys (included 20+ questions such as demographics, open-ended, and Likert scale up type questions) have been developed and delivered to the targeted stakeholder groups. Surveys are one of the widely used methodologies in conducting research due to their practicality. Questionnaires are the easiest and the cheapest way to collect data (mainly quantitative) from a large number of respondents, which is the case in this project. Surveys are robust tools of data collection at a scale if they were very well developed and appropriately discriminated and analysed.

Piloting of Surveys

Initial versions of the surveys were piloted on a limited sample number. Feedback was collected from the pilot together with findings from the qualitative interviews and was used to develop the final versions of surveys that were distributed on a larger scale.

Invitations and Surveys for Data Collection Procedure

First, stakeholders were contacted through official email invitation with attached surveys, and meetings were scheduled with researchers to collect data in a semi-structured interview format whereby a stakeholder was asked each question of the instrument and the researchers filled in appropriately. This approach aimed to collect high-quality data and accurate responses from the key stakeholders: industry personnel and academics. For student stakeholders, surveys were distributed at the start of a lecture of a selected course to fill in after short introduction of the researchers for instruments and their purpose. This method is proven to increase the response rate and save time since the responses will be collected with a couple of hours over few days.

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