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Home arrow Engineering arrow Engineering and Technology Talent for Innovation and Knowledge-Based Economies: Competencies, Leadership, and a Roadmap for Implementation

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Stakeholders Perceptual Gaps in Skills

Gap analysis was carried out in order to know whether there are situational and/or temporal gaps in the opinions; situational gap represents the gap between 22 global engineering skills importance currently and satisfaction level, while temporal gap represents the gap between skills importance currently and in the future.

Situational Gap: Importance Currently and Satisfaction Level

In order to quantify situational gap, means of satisfaction level was subtracted from the means of skills importance currently. The difference will show that there is a gap between what each group thought is important and how much they are satisfied with it.

**It was assumed that as the difference increases, the gap is more serious, so only skills with highest difference will be highlighted.

Faculty Members

For faculty members, the highest skills difference was in practical experience and maths and physics fundamentals in Dimension I; problem-solving, decision-making, critical thinking, and innovation in Dimension II; professionalism, ethics, and teamwork in Dimension III, and entrepreneurship in Dimension IV (see Tables 7.13, 7.14, 7.15 and 7.16).

Table 7.13 Statistics of 22 generic engineering skills situational and temporal gaps “Dimension I”

Dim I: Core knowledge and practice

Variable

Situational gap/Wilcoxon p value

Temporal gap/Wilcoxon p value

Industry

Students

Faculty

Industry

Students

Faculty

Disciplinarily

engineering

fundamentals

(depth)

0.79/0.032

0.56/0.000

0.76/0.058

0.18/0.000

0.21/0.000

0.15/0.000

Interdisciplinary

engineering

knowledge

(breadth)

0.83/0.000

0.56/0.004

0.77/0.002

0.43/0.000

0.14/0.000

0.32/0.000

Math, physics, and

science

fundamentals

0.55/0.052

0.37/0.752

0.94/0.070

0.13/0.000

0/0.000

0.17/0.000

Practical experience

1.39/0.005

0.93/0.001

0.92/0.002

0.26/0.000

0.14/0.000

0.39/0.000

ICT experience

0.6/0.002

0.6/0.000

0.73/0.002

0.3/0.000

0.17/0.000

0.25/0.000

Multidisciplinary

knowledge

0.61/0.000

0.58/0.021

0.45/0.001

0.36/0.002

0.11/0.000

0.37/0.018

Table 7.14 Statistics of 22 generic engineering skills situational and temporal gaps “Dimension II”

Dim II: Cognition and thinking

Variable

Situational gap/Wilcoxon p value

Temporal gap/Wilcoxon p value

Industry

Students

Faculty

Industry

Students

Faculty

Lifelong learning

1.02/0.007

0.65/0.023

0.76/0.001

0.26/0.000

0.08/0.000

0.43/0.000

Problem-solving

1.13/0.012

0.5/0.039

1.07/0.000

0.19/0.000

0.2/0.000

0.49/0.000

Decision making

0.99/0.000

0.72/0.000

0.88/0.000

0.34/0.000

0.13/0.000

0.65/0.000

System thinking

0.74/0.001

0.48/0.001

0.62/0.000

0.27/0.000

0.14/0.000

0.49/0.001

Critical thinking

1.1/0.001

0.61/0.057

1.02/0.002

0.28/0.000

0.14/0.000

0.46/0.000

Innovation

1.15/0.000

0.92/0.001

0.92/0.001

0.35/0.000

0.03/0.000

0.51/0.000

Design

0.88/0.001

0.51/0.040

0.57/0.028

0.34/0.000

0.14/0.000

0.25/0.002

Table 7.15 Statistics of 22 generic engineering skills situational and temporal gaps “Dimension III”

Dim III: Professional and Interpersonal

Variable

Situational gap/Wilcoxon p value

Temporal gap/Wilcoxon p value

Industry

Students

Faculty

Industry

Students

Faculty

Professionalism

1.2/0.001

0.6/0.004

0.93/0.005

0.25/0.000

0.14/0.000

0.31/0.000

Ethics

0.9/0.010

0.63/0.015

0.85/0.042

0.24/0.000

0.08/0.000

0.3/0.000

Adaptability

1.07/0.016

0.51/0.057

0.69/0.000

0.21/0.000

0.09/0.000

0.56/0.000

Communication

1.19/0.002

0.44/0.024

0.81/0.011

0.21/0.000

0.09/0.000

0.32/0.000

Teamwork

0.97/0.001

0.49/0.022

0.58/0.006

0.2/0.000

0.09/0.000

0.34/0.000

Foreign language(s)

0.9/0.075

0.56/0.246

0.66/0.000

0.16/0.000

0.04/0.000

0.42/0.000

Table 7.16 Statistics of 22 generic engineering skills situational and temporal gaps “Dimension IV”

Dim IV: Business and Management

Variable

Situational gap/Wilcoxon p value

Temporal gap/Wilcoxon p value

Industry

Students

Faculty

Industry

Students

Faculty

Management

1.05/0.000

0.69/0.000

0.7/0.000

0.46/0.000

0.21/0.000

0.56/0.000

Leadership

0.98/0.000

0.59/0.005

0.82/0.000

0.46/0.000

0.13/0.000

0.41/0.000

Entrepreneurship

0.85/0.000

0.76/0.002

1/0.000

0.45/0.000

0.14/0.000

0.52/0.000

Senior Students

For senior students, the highest skills difference was in practical experience in Dimension I; lifelong learning, decision-making, critical thinking and innovation in Dimension II; professionalism, adaptability, and foreign Languages in Dimension III; and entrepreneurship in Dimension IV (see Tables 7.13, 7.14, 7.15 and 7.16).

Industry

And finally for the industrial sector members, the highest skills difference was in practical experience in Dimension I; lifelong learning, problem-solving, critical thinking, and innovation in Dimension II; professionalism, adaptability, and communication in Dimension III; and management in Dimension IV as detailed in Tables 7.13, 7.14, 7.15 and 7.16.

 
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