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Comparative Students Perceptions

Males Versus Females

Generally, descriptive statistics showed that the attitude of males and females is positive for the skills. The means of importance of skills currently and 2030 are around 4 ± which is close to “agree”, and the means of satisfaction level are between 3 ± which is close to “neutral” (see Appendix H).

Importance currently: Results showed a statistically significant difference between both groups in the skills importance currently in the following: system thinking, critical thinking, innovation, design, adaptability, foreign language, leadership, and decision-making importance currently in favour of females (see Table 7.18).

Satisfaction: Females showed overall slightly higher means of satisfaction of skills with higher means than males. However, both groups showed means around 3 “neutral,” indicating a lower satisfaction level. A statistically significant difference was revealed only in design and professionalism (see Table 7.18).

Importance in 2030: A statistically significant difference between both groups in the skills importance in 2030 was revealed for the following: interdisciplinary engineering fundamentals (breadth), ICT experience, system thinking, innovation, design, teamwork, and decision-making in favour of females as well (see Table 7.18).

Table 7.18 Comparative students perception towards generic 22 engineering skills “genders comparison”

Skill

Gender

Mean

p value

Skill

Gender

Mean

p value

Importance currently

Importance 2030

Decision-making

M

4.08

0.003

Interdisciplinary

knowledge

M

3.96

0.016

F

4.26

F

4.27

Systems

thinking

M

3.99

0.017

ICT experience

M

4.10

0.047

F

4.26

F

4.33

Critical thinking

M

4.07

0.009

Decision-making

M

4.24

0.011

F

4.35

F

4.46

Innovation

M

4.00

0.007

System thinking

M

4.14

0.001

F

4.33

F

4.39

Innovation

M

4.29

0.039

Design

M

4.00

0.003

F

4.43

F

4.40

Design

M

4.23

0.014

Adaptability

M

3.97

0.017

F

4.45

F

4.28

Teamwork

M

4.25

0.009

Foreign

language(s)

M

4.08

0.004

F

4.48

F

4.37

Satisfaction

Leadership

M

4.00

0.008

Design

M

3.51

0.026

F

4.31

F

3.84

Teamwork

M

4.08

Professionalism

M

3.41

0.003

F

4.43

F

3.80

 
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