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Comparison across regions Labour market

In Usti nad Labem there is a relatively large available workforce and low labour costs. The most important employers in the region include Unipetrol RPA, North Bohemian Mines, AGC Automotive Czech, Johnson Controls Automotive Components and Regional Healthcare Company - the region’s largest employer. Although the region is trying to push up demand for a skilled labour force, investors still demand mainly low-qualified workers, particularly in the manufacturing sector (e.g. automotive industry enterprises in the Triangle Strategic Industrial Zone near Zatec).

Table 2.1. Key labour market data for South Moravia and Usti nad Labem,

2011-12

LJstf nad Labem

South Moravia

Population

826 764

1 168 650

People in the labour force (2011)

406 800

572 500

Share of the national labourforce (2011)

7.7%

10.9%

Median monthly earnings

EUR 829

EUR 841

Unemployment rate

10.8

8.1

Employment rate

50.7

53.9

Participation rate

56.8

58.6

Source: Czech Statistical Office, regional database, http://vdb.czso.cz/vdbvo/en/maklist.jsp?kapitola_id=13&expand=1&.

In South Moravia, certain sectors were badly affected by the economic crisis and the majority of job losses occurred in manufacturing and construction. A steep rise in employment in healthcare and social care, telecommunication, transport and IT services could not compensate for the slump. Unemployment grew from around 5.4% in 2007 to just over 8.1% in 2012, slightly above the national average. In the Ostl nad Labem region, the impact of the financial crisis was spread more evenly across sectors and the recession resulted in only a limited increase of unemployment (rising from 9.9% in 2007 to 10.8% in 2012). The restructuring of the economy away from traditional sectors has provoked a continued decline in employment and Ostl nad Labem has the highest jobless rate of all regions in the Czech Republic.

In line with the national employment structure, a large proportion of the labour force in Ostl nad Labem works in manufacturing, followed by construction, and wholesale and retail trade. South Moravia also has the largest proportion of employment in manufacturing, followed by wholesale and retail trade and transportation and storage, information and communication - see Table 2.2.

Table 2.2. Employment by industry, 2011 (NACE classification)

NACE code

South Moravian

LJstf nad Labem

Czech Republic

Agriculture, forestry and fishing

2.9

2.9

3.1

Mining and quarrying

0.5

2.2

0.9

Manufacturing

24.2

26.9

26.3

Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; Water supply; sewerage; waste management and remediation activities;

1.9

3.5

2.3

Construction

8.2

11.3

8.8

Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles

12

10.6

12.2

Transportation and storage; Information and communication

10

9.1

9.5

Accommodation and food service activities

3.3

3.2

3.8

Financial and insurance activities

2.9

1.4

2.6

Real estate activities; Professional, scientific and technical activities; Administrative and support service activities

9.2

6.3

7.4

Public administration and defence; compulsory social security

7.3

6.4

6.6

Education

6.2

5.7

5.9

Human health and social work activities

7.9

7

6.7

Arts, entertainment and recreation; Other activities

3.6

3.4

3.8

Source: Czech Statistics Office, Labour Force Survey Czech Statistics Office, Labour Force Survey, http://vdb.czso.cz/ vdbvo/en/maklist.jsp?kapitola_id=13&expand=1&.

In terms of the occupational structure of employment, the highest share of employment in both regions was in medium skilled technical and administrative occupations, reflecting the national average. This is followed by craft and related trades workers in both regions, although it is somewhat higher in Osti nad Labem (LFS, 2010) - see Table 2.3.

Table 2.3. Employment by occupation, 2010 (ISCO classification)

ISCO code

South Moravian

list! nad Labem

Czech Republic

Legislators, senior officials and managers

7.2

3

5.3

Scientists and professionals

11.8

5.2

10.7

Technicians and associate professionals and professionals in related fields

24.2

24.1

24.8

Lower administrative staff (clerks)

8.6

7.3

7.8

Service workers and shop and market sales workers

12.9

13.4

12.3

Skilled workers in agriculture, forestry and related fields (except for plant and machine operators)

1.3

1.2

1.4

Craft and related trades workers

17.1

21.6

17.5

Plant and machine operators and assemblers

10.8

16.9

13.7

Workers in elementary occupations

5.9

7.1

6.3

Source: Czech Statistics Office, Labour Force Survey

 
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