Home Economics Employment and skills strategies in the Czech Republic
Comparison across regions Labour market
In Usti nad Labem there is a relatively large available workforce and low labour costs. The most important employers in the region include Unipetrol RPA, North Bohemian Mines, AGC Automotive Czech, Johnson Controls Automotive Components and Regional Healthcare Company - the region’s largest employer. Although the region is trying to push up demand for a skilled labour force, investors still demand mainly low-qualified workers, particularly in the manufacturing sector (e.g. automotive industry enterprises in the Triangle Strategic Industrial Zone near Zatec).
Table 2.1. Key labour market data for South Moravia and Usti nad Labem,
Source: Czech Statistical Office, regional database, http://vdb.czso.cz/vdbvo/en/maklist.jsp?kapitola_id=13&expand=1&.
In South Moravia, certain sectors were badly affected by the economic crisis and the majority of job losses occurred in manufacturing and construction. A steep rise in employment in healthcare and social care, telecommunication, transport and IT services could not compensate for the slump. Unemployment grew from around 5.4% in 2007 to just over 8.1% in 2012, slightly above the national average. In the Ostl nad Labem region, the impact of the financial crisis was spread more evenly across sectors and the recession resulted in only a limited increase of unemployment (rising from 9.9% in 2007 to 10.8% in 2012). The restructuring of the economy away from traditional sectors has provoked a continued decline in employment and Ostl nad Labem has the highest jobless rate of all regions in the Czech Republic.
In line with the national employment structure, a large proportion of the labour force in Ostl nad Labem works in manufacturing, followed by construction, and wholesale and retail trade. South Moravia also has the largest proportion of employment in manufacturing, followed by wholesale and retail trade and transportation and storage, information and communication - see Table 2.2.
Table 2.2. Employment by industry, 2011 (NACE classification)
Source: Czech Statistics Office, Labour Force Survey Czech Statistics Office, Labour Force Survey, http://vdb.czso.cz/ vdbvo/en/maklist.jsp?kapitola_id=13&expand=1&.
In terms of the occupational structure of employment, the highest share of employment in both regions was in medium skilled technical and administrative occupations, reflecting the national average. This is followed by craft and related trades workers in both regions, although it is somewhat higher in Osti nad Labem (LFS, 2010) - see Table 2.3.
Table 2.3. Employment by occupation, 2010 (ISCO classification)
Source: Czech Statistics Office, Labour Force Survey
|< Prev||CONTENTS||Next >|