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Aquaculture technology flowing water and static water fish culture

PrefaceFlowing water fish cultureone Flowing water fish culturetwo Fish growth in hatcheriesGrowth rates of cultured fish in relation to temperatureFish growth models based on temperature unitsRegression models for fish growthProjection offish growth in timeTemperature unit procedureRegression model procedureFeeding intensively cultured fishHatchery recordsSAMPLE PROBLEMSReferencesthree Water sources for flowing water fish cultureThe hydrologic cycleUse of surface waters for fish cultureUse of groundwater for fish cultureWater flow in channels and pipesWater flow in open channelsWater flow in pipesWater pumpsMeasurement of water flow rateSAMPLE PROBLEMSReferencesfour Fish culture rearing unitsLinear unitsCirculating unitsSAMPLE PROBLEMSReferencesfive The solubility of oxygen in waterThe gas lawsCalculation of the oxygen solubility in waterCorrection for pressure and salinityMeasurement of dissolved oxygen concentrationExpression of DO in tension unitsSAMPLE PROBLEMSReferencessix The oxygen requirements offishFish respiration physiologyOxygen consumption rates of cultured fishEffects of hypoxia on growthAssignment of DO minima for hatcheriesSAMPLE PROBLEMSReferencesseven Rearing density and carrying capacityIndependence of loading rate and rearing densityCalculation of hatchery carrying capacityWilloughby's methodPiper's methodCalculation of carrying capacity from oxygen consumptionComparison of methods for calculation of carrying capacityFish rearing densitySpatial requirements of cultured fishDensity indexSAMPLE PROBLEMSReferenceseight Reaeration of flowing waterAeration theoryGravity aeration devicesMechanical aeration devicesDiffuser aeration devicesOxygenationProblems with gas supersaturationSAMPLE PROBLEMSReferencesnine Ammonia production and toxicityAmmonia production rateAmmonia toxicityCalculation of ammonia concentrationCorrection of the NH3 fraction for ionic strengthAssignment of NH3 maxima for hatcheriesCarrying capacity with respect to ammoniaProduction capacity assessmentSAMPLE PROBLEMSReferencesten Fish hatchery effluent controlSolids removal in the quiescent zoneProduction and control of phosphorusProduction and control of nitrogenMechanical filtrationSAMPLE PROBLEMSReferenceseleven Water recirculationBiological filtrationMicrobiologyBiofilter configurationRemoval of solid wasteRAS and water reuse system managementControl of CO2Control of nitrite toxicityFoam fractionation and ozoneSummarySAMPLE PROBLEMSReferencesStatic water fish culturetwelve Static water fish culturethirteen Review of limnologyDensity of water and lake stratificationTrophic status of lakesDissolved oxygen dynamics in relation to trophic statusEnergy transfer in lakesThe biology of lakesApplied limnology for fish pondsReferencesfourteen Principles of static water aquacultureSwingle's principlesfifteen The ecology of static water aquacultureFish growthFish productionSAMPLE PROBLEMSReferencessixteen Photosynthesis and respirationSolubility of DO and CO2Measurement of dissolved gas concentrationsCO2 and pH dynamics in fish pondsSAMPLE PROBLEMSReferencesseventeen The carbon cycle, alkalinity, and limingCarbon cycleAlkalinityMeasurement of alkalinityIdentification of ponds needing limeLimingSAMPLE PROBLEMSReferenceseighteen Nutrient cycles and fertilizationEcology of cultured fishOrganic fertilizationOrganic fertilizer materialsOrganic fertilization ratesInorganic fertilizationInorganic fertilizer materialsThe history of inorganic fertilization offish pondsInorganic fertilization ratesComparison of inorganic fertilization ratesImportance of inorganic nitrogen fertilizationUse of combinations of organic and inorganic fertilizersAdvantages and disadvantages of organic and inorganic fertilizersSAMPLE PROBLEMSReferencesnineteen Use of artificial diets in static water aquacultureArtificial fish dietsEffects of feed addition on water qualityAeration of static water fish pondsRepresentative static water aquacultures based on artificial dietsSAMPLE PROBLEMSReferences

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