Home Language & Literature The Palgrave Handbook of Sociocultural Perspectives on Global Mental Health
Good Practice Guidelines and Examples
Dudgeon et al. (2014) outline nine guiding principles, and they suggest that services that reflect these principles are more likely to be effective than those that do not. The principles were first articulated by Swan and Raphael (1995) and were adopted as the foundation of the National Strategic Framework for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples Mental Health and Social and Emotional Well Being 2004—2009 (Social Health Reference Group 2004). The nine principles are:
Services will more effectively engage, and offer scope for more effective outcomes, to the extent that Indigenous Australians are able to recognise these principles within the service.
Dudgeon et al. (2014) conducted a literature review of the academic and ‘grey’ literature to identify effective services. They located 49 studies describing 42 programmes or initiatives that provided information about service effectiveness in addressing a social and emotional well-being outcome for Indigenous Australians. From their review they developed several themes to enhance mental health programme and service delivery success: 
Ensuring that mental health services reflect the principles and themes highlighted by Dudgeon et al. (2014) will be an important step for health service planners and service providers to take in order to improve the acceptability and effectiveness of services for Indigenous Australians. It is possible that adopting these themes and principles would also improve services for nonIndigenous Australians.
These principles and themes are complemented by other information, such as that provided by the Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet (2014), regarding the way in which health services generally can be made more accessible for Indigenous Australians. The Indigenous HealthInfoNet suggests:
Achieving some of the suggestions offered by HealthInfoNet would help to reduce the unacceptable disparity in health outcomes between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.
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