Information Technology in Building Systems
- 4.1 Overview
- 4.2 Communications Protocols
- 4.3 Construction Costs
- 4.4 Operational Costs
- 4.5 Security
- 4.6 Communication and Data Infrastructure
- 4.7 Facility Management Software
Transformative periods in the building industry occurred several times in the 20th century with the introduction of mechanisms such as plumbing, construction cranes, and elevators. Thirty years ago, just prior to the mass introduction of personal computers for businesses, the level of technology in a building was meager. It consisted of the local regulated public telecommunications utility installing services in a building, a mechanical contractor installing a pneumatic control system for the heating, cooling, and ventilation system, a fire alarm system, and maybe a dedicated word processing system. While we've come a long way since those days, we're still in a very early stage of fully deploying and integrating sophisticated building technology systems.
In due course, buildings will become full of technology. Walls and ceilings will be embedded with sensors; every aspect of a building's performance will be metered and measured; software tools will be used to automatically optimize building systems without human intervention;
Figure 4.1 The use of information technology to design a building in 3D.
real-time information on the building will be provided to occupants and building management relevant to their particular needs; buildings will be fully interactive with the power grid; cars will be efficiently parked via conveyers, and geo-spatial location systems will be deployed for every building asset. Facilitating this transformation is information technology.