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Indoor Maps

Indoor Positioning systems do not work without indoor maps. Facility owners will need to survey their facility and incorporate the maps into the facility's app. Maps could be CAD drawings, PDFs, images, high and low resolution PNG, Shapefiles, SVG, and XML. There's a new industry creating those data. Micello recently announced it had mapped 15,000 indoor venues. Google, in addition to collecting its own indoor mapping data is crowdsourcing maps from its proprietors. Nokia is collecting indoor data. Mapping indoor buildings is being implementedworldwide.

Some of the buildings in the United States where indoor mapping is being implemented include:

b Airports

b ATL Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport b CLT Charlotte/Douglas International Airport b DIA Denver International Airport b IAH Houston George Bush Intercontinental Airport b LAS Las Vegas-McCarran International Airport b MSP Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport

b ORD O'Hare International Airport b SAN - San Diego International Airport b SEA Seattle-Tacoma International Airport b SFO San Francisco International Airport b Casinos

b Caesars Entertainment b MGM Resorts b Convention Centers

b Las Vegas Convention Center b Landmark b Alcatraz ยป Mall

b Mall of America b Federal Realty b Pyramid b Regency Centers b Rouse

b The Irvine Company b Museums

b The Smithsonian b 9/11 Memorial and Museum b Sports Venues

b American Airlines Center b Churchill Downs b Heinz Field b Madison Square Garden b Superdome b Wells Fargo Center

You may have seen a Google car with cameras and sensors which is used to support Google Maps. For indoor space Google has a cartographer for indoor mapping. The cartographer uses a process called simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM), a technique typically used for mapping new locations. As a backpacker walks through a building, the floor plan is automatically generated in real time, Google says. The wearer also uses a tablet to add points of interest while walking around the building (for example, room numbers in a hotel or the exhibits in a museum).

So we track and locate people and objects outdoors in real-time via GPS. IPS provides for similar tracking indoors. In the near future it may be that there will be few places on Earth where we can't be tracked and identified. The key to successful IPS deployments are going to be: (a) users having the option to opt in or out of being tracked via a smartphone app, (b) thoroughly secured IPS systems, and (c) the demonstration of benefits and value for smartphone users, business owners, building owners, and workers in emergencies.

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