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«The handy law answer book»

What are some major death penalty decisions since Furman v. Georgia (1972)?Is a trial judge required to give a definition of beyond a reasonable doubt?How long do justices serve on the Supreme Court?Isn't it true that the original Constitution (before the Bill of Rights) was already a bill of rights of sorts?FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT What is the difference between a lump-sum settlement and a structured settlement?During the prosecution's case, is there a chance at cross-examination?What is the protection against self-incrimination?What happens with the attorneys' proposed jury instructions?Which federal judges lost their jobs because of the Judiciary Act of 1802?Can an employer establish mandatory retirement limits?How does a court handle the issue of reasonable accommodations and undue hardships?What is the order of argument with respect to closing arguments?What felonies can lead to the death penalty?How does an employee file a claim under Title VII or other federal employment law?Is there a set time for closing arguments?What is the right to counsel?If a supervisor commented on an employee's physical anatomy a few times and made several sexual jokes in her presence, is that sexual harassment?What is the key factor in determining whether employees may be included in a valid tip pool?Do private attorneys take cases pro bono?What is an information?How much can you expect to pay a lawyer?Do courts always follow their past decisions?How can you protect yourself from identity thieves?Do trial juries have to be composed of 12 jurors?What was circuit duty?Can you file for divorce in a state that is not the state in which you were married?What major laws prohibit discrimination based on disability or handicap?What are briefs?If the case proceeds to trial what happens next?If you are a pregnant and unmarried woman, and the father refuses to acknowledge paternity, what can you do?AMENDMENT VII.What is recrimination?What is identity theft?THE U.S. CONSTITUTION What is a suspended sentence?What about employees receiving tips and how they are treated under FLSA?What are some of the major anti-discrimination laws at the federal level?What were some important precursors to Marbury v. Madison?What is a credit report?What are "irreconcilable differences"?What is the purpose of workers' compensation?If there is an error on your credit report, what do you do?JUDICIARY ACT OF 1789 In what famous decision did the U.S. Supreme Court establish certain rights to persons facing interrogation and questioning from police?When can a federal judge become a senior judge?What distinguishes criminal law from civil law?Who appoints an attorney for a criminal defendant?What states allow covenant marriages?Are all lawyers litigators?PATERNITYAMENDMENT I.How does the federal court system created by the Founding Fathers compare and contrast with the current federal court system?Where does a person go to find a lawyer?Can presidents be impeached?AMENDMENT VI.Are awards in tort cases taxable?What is federalism?What is considered harassing behavior under the Fair Debt Collections Practices Act (FDCPA)?What are the different types of alimony?What recent decision on eminent domain and just compensation outraged many?How did the employment-at-will doctrine originate in the United States?LEGISLATIVE BRANCHHow many constitutional amendments have been enacted?What is APR?Under the McDonnell Douglas framework, how does an employee establish a prima facie case of discrimination?Are there limits to punitive damage awards?Who determines the percentages of fault of the parties?What are the two core clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment?With what plan did the Virginia Plan compete?Is a party's retirement account considered marital or separate property?What is a foreign adoption?Can persons separate without filing for a divorce?CREDIT AND BANKRUPTCY LAWWhat is the difference between a secured and unsecured creditor?Why is comparative fault considered fairer than contributory negligence?Does the First Amendment protect advertising?AMENDMENT XXV.What is a famous intentional infliction of emotional distress case involving Hustler Magazine?AMENDMENT X.Which interpretation—collective or individual—has the U.S. Supreme Court adopted?ARTICLE VII.What happened in New York Times Co. v. Sullivan?EIGHTH AMENDMENTIf the jury cannot agree and is deadlocked, what does a court do?If the employee establishes a prima facie claim, what must the employer do?What was the McDonald's hot coffee case?What is the American Bar Association?What are the time limits for filing an Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) charge?AMENDMENT IV.Are there exemptions under state laws?What types of attorneys argue cases before the U.S. Supreme Court?What advantage is it for a person to have representation from a public interest law firm?What is a wobbler?How did the battle between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists conclude?What was the Santa Fe Independent School District v. Doe case on school prayer and what did the U.S. Supreme Court decide?What opinions have precedential value?What does the Constitution say about the composition of Congress?What is the Fair Credit Reporting ActWhat are the two main types or theories of discrimination?Which states prohibit employment discrimination based on sexual orientation for public employees only?What types of issues are covered by family law, or the law of domestic relations?What must a consumer do before filing bankruptcy?Who were the 55 Founding Framers of the Philadelphia Convention of 1787What is a tort?Why is credit expensive?Has there been recent movement in Congress to change the circuit court structure?Is there a difference between mandatory authority and persuasive authority?What happens if a party will not respond to discovery requests?What determines when the U.S. Supreme Court will hear a case?TITLE VIIWhat does FLSA say about overtime pay?What does the Federal Magistrates Act do?AMENDMENT XXI.What was the Virginia Plan?Who became the first woman to serve as speaker of the House?When did the U.S. Supreme Court get its own building?Were all the Founders convinced that the executive branch should consist of one person?Are all criminal defendants entitled to a court-appointed attorney?What is a credit score?When does an injury arise out of and in the course of employment?When did Congress create separate judges for the circuit courts?What is a common-law marriage?Does Title VII apply to just intentional discrimination?What was the McDonnell Douglas case about?What level of First Amendment rights do students possess?What is the Confrontation Clause?LAWSUITS What happens if both parties (plaintiff and defendant) are negligent?What were the Federalist Papers and what was their importance?Title VII also prohibits religious discrimination by covered employers. What is the law's definition of religion?What happened to Percy Green after McDonnell Douglas v. Green?What is products liability?Does a defendant have a right to a preliminary hearing in state court?What happens after a person is convicted?Does the defendant have to physically appear before a judge at the initial appearance and the arraignment?Does a biological father have the right to notification that his child may be placed for adoption by the child's mother?Are children held to the same standard of care as adults?How precarious was the Great Compromise and its ultimate success?What is a statute of repose?Why was James Madison a key person in the Convention?AMENDMENT XVIII.Who was the first speaker of the House?What is Title VII?What happens during a trial?What is time served?What is continuing legal education?If an employer does present a legitimate, nondiscriminatory reason for the discharge then what must the employee do to prove his or her case?If the majority opinion becomes the law of the land, are concurring and dissenting opinions important?Are all freedoms in the Bill of Rights extended to the states?Do prior bankruptcy filings affect eligibility to file other bankruptcy petitions?Which federal judges have been impeached?What are the benefits of plea bargaining?Did all of the 55 delegates sign the final product of the Philadelphia Convention?What does the Supremacy Clause of the U.S. Constitution say?What rights does the Ninth Amendment protect?How do justices get on the U.S. Supreme Court?What does a defense attorney hope to accomplish at a preliminary hearing?PRE-MARITAL AGREEMENTS Does Title VII protect employees who are harassed by members of the same sex?Do computer programmers and computer system analysts qualify as professionals and exempt from FLSA's overtime provisions?What are typical grounds for divorce?What are some common grounds for attorney discipline?After the prosecution finishes its case, can the defense immediately file for dismissal?What expression was involved in the Tinker case?SIXTH AMENDMENT The ADA mentions a "qualified individual with a disability." What is such a "qualified individual"?What is just compensation?When did the law allow interracial marriages?ARTICLE III.What are the powers of the president?What were the problems with the Articles of Confederation?Can juror misconduct lead to a mistrial?What is a "reasonable accommodation" in the ADA?Title VII protects individuals based on their gender, but does it protect people because of their sexual orientation?How does tort law differ from contract law?What types of discrimination does Title VII prohibit?What is credit and why is it so important?Can a consumer reporting agency send a credit report to prospective employers?What else takes place at the arraignment?Is it a requirement for a Supreme Court justice to have prior judicial experience?Can courts modify custody arrangements?What happens at the start of a criminal trial?Are there limitations on the amount of attorney's fees?Can your employer require you to take a drug test?What is the work product of judges and courts?What is separation of powers?THE CRIMINAL PROCESS Can employers really discriminate against employees for any reason?What do various state constitutions or statutes say about same-sex marriages?How does the Court determine whether punishment is cruel and unusual?What are the basic types of torts?What are civil unions?What are examples of professional negligence claims?How can a spouse ensure that property remains separate?AT-WILL EMPLOYMENTCan a state conduct a criminal trial with only five jurors?AMENDMENT XXIII.Does school prayer violate the Establishment Clause?DIVORCE What can disqualify a person from sitting for a bar exam?Can young people—even those under 40—sue for age discrimination under state laws?How does an employee prove retaliation?How does the Constitution give Congress the power to impact law?What is an example of attorney malpractice?If a consumer disputes information on his or her credit report must that be included in the credit report?What is an example of power that should be "reserved" to the states under the Tenth Amendment?PERSONAL INJURY LAWWhat types of cases are examples of tort cases?What states still recognize common-law marriages?What does the employee receive in workers's compensation benefits?AMENDMENT XVI.Can jury members discuss the case before deliberations?What employers are obligated to follow the FMLA?EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION Does the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) prohibit credit discrimination based on sexual orientation?Which states still do have contributory negligence?What is the Fair Debt Collections Practices Act?What happens after a bill is introduced?If an appellate court reverses a trial court, what happens next?What types of problems cause product liability actions?What are titles?Can a juvenile defendant receive the death penalty or life in prison without the possibility of parole?What types of crimes committed by a spouse give the other spouse grounds for divorce?If an employee presents a prima facie (or basic) case of discrimination, what must the employer show?Who was the only speaker of the House also to become president of the United States?Can employers assert any defense to supervisory harassment?Is there a difference between the initial appearance and the arraignment?JUDICIAL BRANCH What are expert witnesses?If the grand jury refuses to indict can the prosecutor re-file?Do birth parents always have to consent to an adoption?Does the Constitution specify the number of U.S. Supreme Court justices?What is plain view?If a direct appeal process and the state post-conviction process both fail, are there any other legal avenues?What happens in the closing argument phase?Can courts modify child support obligations?When does speech cross the line and become a true threat?Are all attorney or legal malpractice claims based on negligence law?Must school officials have probable cause before searching a student in a public school?What factors does a court consider in determining the amount of punitive damages?How does the Constitution give the judicial branch a role in the legal system?What is a bail bondsman?Does Title VII apply to all employees?In what states was the ratification debate most intense and close?AMENDMENT XII.What sorts of employer actions can constitute unlawful retaliation?Why would it be fair to impose strict liability on the manufacturer of a product?PROFESSIONAL NEGLIGENCE The Constitution of the United StatesAre punching and kicking the only acts that are regarded as battery?ARTICLE II.What happened with the Chase impeachment proceedings?What was the case of Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Company concerning proximate causation?Where does the word "tort" come from?Do all states have separate laws dealing with minimum wages?What types of damages are most common in tort cases?What are examples of crimes that constitute felonies?What is a variable rate?How does a court determine a public policy exception to the at-will doctrine?What exactly does "beyond a reasonable doubt" mean?JUVENILE DEFENDANTS What is res ipsa loquitur?What states have laws that prohibit discrimination against employees (public and private) because of sexual orientation?What is a "Belo" contract?How are presidents elected?Is a marriage in a foreign country recognized as valid in the United States?Do school officials have unfettered authority to conduct strip searches?What are the purposes or reasons for bail?Explanation of Case and Statute CitationsHow can you build good credit?AMENDMENT III.What are the common tools of discovery?What is the duty to mitigate damages?How many bar exams are there?What are some commonly alleged errors in criminal trials?What further legal options are available to a person once convicted?What are some of the exceptions to the overtime pay requirement?What does it mean for a trial to be public?CHILD CUSTODYWhat factors do courts use to determine whether someone is entitled to bail and what amount?What entity handles worker compensation claims?How does the criminal process begin?Do many states have family courts?What warnings must the police give you when they arrest you and place you in custody?How does a court determine if someone's Fourth Amendment rights have been violated?What legal doctrine still provides the baseline rule that employees have little protection in the employment relationship in the United States?What is a "frolic and detour"?Do jury verdicts have to be unanimous?AMENDMENT XXII.When did the Court originally begin its new terms?What is obscenity?SENTENCING What is double jeopardy?FIFTH AMENDMENTHow do you cite a statute or law?What exactly does the ADA prohibit?FIRST AMENDMENT ARTICLE IV.Can adoption agencies consider the race of the adoptive parents or children when making decisions?Is expert testimony required in medical malpractice cases?What was the U.S. Supreme Court's definition of a true threat in Virginia v. Black (2003).What if you suffer a heart attack due to stress on the job? Are you compensable under workers compensation?AcknowledgmentsCHILD SUPPORT BECOMING A LAWYER How many federal district courts and federal appeals courts are there?GlossaryCan a younger person in the protected class sue for age discrimination?Have any U.S. Supreme Court justices been impeached?Who was the greatest Supreme Court justice?Can cousins legally marry?How does the Constitution give the executive branch a role in the law?What is tort reform?What is a public interest law firm?What is the story of Jason Little and how the public policy exception to employment at will protected him from physical assault?What is a famous tort case of involving intrusion?How do you know if you have too much debt?Do some lawyers work on retainer?Did any of the recent justices on the Supreme Court previously serve as a judge in some capacity?What is alimony?What is "impeachment"?What is intentional infliction of emotional distress?What other conduct does the FDCPA prohibit?What was the famous plate-snatching case?What state has the highest minimum wage law?What happens if a person refuses to pay child support?What are the required elements of a defamation claim?Can companies purchase copies of credit reports?How does a court determine whether an employee suffers discrimination?Are there constitutional limitations to bail?AGE DISCRIMINATION Who were some of the leaders of the Philadelphia Convention of 1787?What is the primary source of law in the United States?What makes the Second Amendment controversial?What is an example of an employer policy that would be considered disparate impact?What freedoms does the Fifth Amendment protect?What happened in the large state of Virginia with respect to ratification?What is a preliminary hearing?DISABILITY DISCRIMINATION What happened to Ernesto A. Miranda after the U.S. Supreme Court decision?What is the "taxicab exemption"?How did the U.S. Constitution structure the legislative branch?AMENDMENT XX.Can prospective adoptive parents advertise that they wish to adopt a child?If your lawyer does a lousy job on your case, for what reasons can you sue for malpractice?Are prenuptial agreements, or pre-marital agreements, valid?What is voir dire?Who was William Evarts?AMENDMENT V.What if the EEOC does not find there has been discrimination?What is a protected class?What Is the main difference between a federal district court and the other federal courts?How are lawyers punished for misconduct?What is a bankruptcy trustee?How does the Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act (FACTA) help consumers fight identity theft?What is an example of a separation of powers problem?How long do Chapter 13 cases last compared to Chapter 7 cases?Is there a tort that you can use or sue under if someone files false criminal charges against you?Is a person entitled to an attorney during the booking process?What happened in the Heller case?What are other distinguishing features of a grand jury?What are possible disadvantages of plea bargaining?Does the status of a speaker affect First Amendment freedoms?Which states do not have elections for any type of judges?How much legal information is available online now?Why is legal language sometimes hard to understand?How does a court determine the amount of child support?What is an example of false light invasion of privacy?What is the discovery rule and how does it impact statutes of limitations in tort cases?What freedoms does the Sixth Amendment protect?What is disposable income?Why were the first ten amendments—the Bill of Rights—added to the U.S. Constitution?FAMILY LAWWhat freedom does the Seventh Amendment protect?Where do attorneys obtain proposed jury instructions?Can the president veto only a portion of a law after it is passed by Congress?Can a defendant waive his or her right to a jury?What happens to an employee's job when he or she returns from FMLA leave?Must an employer do anything to accommodate employees who wish to breast feed their children?How does a judge determine whether sentencing is concurrent or consecutive?PRODUCTS LIABILITY Can the same conduct form the basis for both a crime and a tort?Why is judicial review celebrated and criticized in the democracy?Where do you go to select the right credit card?Why do some consider the judicial branch the least powerful branch of government?What did James Madison say in his speech to Congress on June 1789, when he argued for the Bill of Rights?Is a moment of silence law constitutional?RELIGIOUS DISCRIMINATIONWhat is the fundamental purpose of the Fourth Amendment?Can an employer be held negligent if it retains or hires an employee who is dangerous to the public?What was the pressing need for the Constitution?What is the concept of deep pockets?If a credit reporting agency unfairly refuses to correct a mistake, can you sue?How should and employer determine if an employee is qualified?Can a parent have child custody if he or she has committed a crime?Are all state court systems based on the three-tiered model of trial court, intermediate appellate court, and final appellate court?Does the EEOC's finding of no discrimination prevent a subsequent court proceeding?Can parties of the same sex marry?AMENDMENT XIV.What do we mean by an annotated code?What was the Fugitive Slave Clause?What methods of adoptions are there?What is a 341 meeting?Can a court require a parent to pay child support?What was the Evarts Act?Can a credit report include bankruptcies, lawsuits, and arrests?What if one parent refuses another parent's visitation rights?When can a judge reverse a jury verdict?What is the nickname of the Supreme Court Building?Are all persons charged with crimes entitled to bail?In those states that examine the relocation of a parent under a "best interests of the child" analysis, what are the factors that courts consider?What does freedom of religion mean?Can an injury in a sports contest constitute a battery?Are there different types of credit?How many women have served as Supreme Court justices?What types of consumers must file for Chapter 13?If you fall on a slippery floor in a store, can you sue for negligence?What eligibility requirements are there for Chapter 13?What if the press reports on the sex life of a famous politician? Is that invasion of privacy?What expenses do adoptive parents pay to the birth mother?What does Title VII say about retaliation?Can grandparents have visitation rights?What are the lawyer ratings provided for by Martindale-Hubbell?What were the principal objections of the Anti-Federalists to the Constitution?What is a judicial opinion?Are state constitutions based on the U.S. Constitution?How does tort law differ from criminal law?What does assistance of counsel mean?Can stepparents adopt their spouse's (biological) children?What was the Great Compromise?Is the death penalty considered cruel and unusual?Are there differences between irreconcilable differences and other grounds for divorce?How do courts determine custody for a child?ARTICLE I.What if you are charged with a crime and don't have enough money for an attorney?Can a judge appoint attorneys to represent someone?What are the different forms of comparative negligence?Why are jury instructions important?Why are punitive damage awards considered controversial?What explained the difference between the two 2005 decisions by the U.S. Supreme Court?What if you test positive for drugs, but you really believe that the test was wrong? Is there any recourse?Can a parent with custody move out of state with a child without permission of the other parent?Does my state also have anti-discrimination laws that protect me as an employee?What are some other powers of Congress mentioned in the U.S. Constitution?KEY CONCEPTS AND STRUCTURE OF THE CONSTITUTIONCan a "Good Samaritan" be held liable if he or she acts negligently even though they are trying to help?Can consumers view their credit scores?What is a covenant marriage?What are the basic types of bankruptcy?Why is the Commerce Clause so important?How often does the Supreme Court hear cases?What is the meaning of probable cause?How long does negative information stay on my credit report?Can a minor birth mother consent to an adoption?What are the legal results of a felony conviction?How does the notion of community standards affect obscenity cases?Must you take a blood test before getting married?How does the court determine if a defendant received effective assistance of counsel?Are all debts dischargeable under Chapter 7?If a party loses, what are his or her legal options?At what age can a person legally marry?Who was the defendant Ballew?Are mixed-motive claims cognizable under the ADEA as they are under Title VII?What is the standard of care for a physician?When does the U.S. Supreme Court meet?If your spouse leaves and doesn't come back, is that grounds for divorce?If a person passes the bar exam, is he or she automatically entitled to practice law?CONSTITUTIONAL LAWDoes Title VII protect individuals of all races?Since Title VII does not protect employees from discrimination based on sexual orientation does that mean these employees have no protection?Who were the original federal district court judges in these thirteen districts?What are some advantages of filing Chapter 13 versus filing for Chapter 7?How did the invasion of privacy tort originate?Can separate property be converted to marital property during the course of a marriage?AMENDMENT XI.THE BILL OF RIGHT AND THE 14TH AMENDMENTWhat are some famous executive orders in American history?What is a right-to-sue letter?What is vicarious liability?Must a criminal defendant testify on behalf of himself or herself?Where are constitutional amendments placed in the Constitution?What is condonation?What are examples of public officials and public figures?Can judges sequester juries?How do criminal trials proceed?Does Title VII apply to harassing behavior on the part of employers?Who can perform marriages?What are the requirements for someone to serve in the U.S. House of Representatives?Can a person have multiple spouses?What is the Fourth Amendment?Does the ADA prohibit disability-based harassment in the workplace?What should you look for in an attorney?How does an employee prove a claim of religious discrimination?Do all states recognize the different sub-torts of invasion of privacy?What does it take to become a lawyer?What is the Lily Ledbetter Act?Why did Elbridge Gerry, Edmund Randolph and George Mason refuse to sign the Constitution?What is an example of the double jeopardy clause prohibiting multiple punishments for the same offense?What are the basic types of crimes?What is the direct appeal?Do all state high courts have the same number of justices or judges?APPEALSDo blue collar workers who have great expertise in their respective jobs fall under the professional overtime exemption under FLSA?How do you qualify for a court-appointed attorney?What are some other examples of intentional infliction of emotional distress?What are the factors a court considers in deciding whether and how much to award in alimony?What are jury consultants?When did Congress create the circuit courts in their present form?What if an employee suffers a permanent disability?What is the relationship between state high courts and state constitutions?What are the categories of Congress' powers in regulating interstate commerce?Can all law school graduates take the bar exam?What caused the U.S. Supreme Court to change course and uphold death penalty statutes only a few years after its Furman decision?What did the Court decide with respect to criminal three-strikes laws?FINDING A LAWYER What is a grand jury?Does Title Vll's retaliation clause protect an employee who participates not in a court proceeding or EEOC investigation but in an employer's internal investigation of sexual harassment?Does Title VII prohibit discrimination against transsexuals?AMENDMENT XXVI.AMENDMENT VIII.EMPLOYMENTCan your employer force you to take a polygraph test?What were the professions of the Founders?Can states cap punitive damage awards?Where are judicial opinions located?What happened in Garcetti v. Ceballos?What is phishing?What is due process?What is credit insurance?What is a reverse mortgage?If an employee files both a sex or race discrimination claim and a retaliation claim, can the retaliation claim survive even if the underlying sex or race claim is dismissed?What is bankruptcy?What was the purpose of the Third Amendment?How do circuit courts of appeal hear cases?Can a court require parents to attend counseling sessions before awarding custody?What did Alexander Hamilton have to say about judicial review?What can you do if there is an error on your credit card bill?Can birth mothers withdraw consent to an adoption?What type of law creates a Tenth Amendment issue?What freedoms does the First Amendment protect?Where did James Madison look for possible proposals that eventually became included in the Bill of Rights?LOANSDoes it violate the ADEA for an employer to provide a date of birth question on an employment application?What happens in the jury instruction phase of the trial?What does it cost to file for bankruptcy?Are public defenders good lawyers?Who was Griggs in the Griggs v. Duke Power case?What if an editorial writer uses strong language to describe a person?What is child custody?What happens once an employee files a charge of discrimination?What exactly is incorporation and how does this work?AMENDMENT II.Who was the principal author of the Judiciary Act of 1789?What is a no-asset case?STATE CONSTITUTIONS Must government officials always obtain a warrant before conducting a search or a seizure?What age restrictions are imposed on prospective adoptive parents?Are there other laws that allowed injured employees to receive time off from work?SEVENTH AMENDMENT What information does an adoption agency consider when determining whether to place a child with prospective adoptive parents?Can you explain the elements of a lower court citation?Is a defendant entitled to a jury trial?Would a negative performance evaluation constitute an adverse employment action?How is a law created?How much does a marriage license cost?Do juveniles in juvenile court receive all of the same rights as adults charged in criminal court?If you think you are the father of a child, but you are not married and the mother refuses to let you see the baby, is there anything you can do?What is a Batson challenge?What are the various House Committees?What is a crime?Does the First Amendment protect all forms of free speech?What are closing arguments?What is the major federal law regulating compensation for employees?What is a "reasonable person"?What are payday loans?What is an appellate brief?Are there other federal courts that are not Article III courts?How does a court determine how to apportion marital property?What if an employer has multiple reasons for taking adverse action against an employee—a discriminatory reason and a lawful reason?When did Justice Sandra Day O'Connor introduce her endorsement test?What happens if the defendant pleads guilty?ALIMONYWhat if an employer offers lifetime or permanent employment? Does the employment-at-will doctrine still apply?Who was primarily responsible for proposing the Bill of Rights?Do all states require individuals to take a bar exam to practice law?Some have said James Madison used the Bill of Rights to save the Constitution. Is there truth to this?If your employer is not covered by the FMLA, are there any state laws that could help?What types of jobs do lawyers have?How are state court systems established?How does a person keep track of all the abbreviations and requirements for legal citations?What are the requirements for someone to serve in the U.S. Senate?How does a court determine if bail is excessive?Why is workers' compensation considered a form of compromise?What is the exclusionary rule?What are the two types of causation in tort cases?After the Constitution was signed, what happened during the ratification process?Can the jury receive written copies of the judge's instructions?What part of the Judiciary Act of 1789 gives the Supreme Court the power to review state laws?Are contingency fees available for all types of cases?What does each side hope to accomplish with closing arguments?Why does a criminal defendant need an attorney?What is a citation for a judicial opinion?BANKRUPTCYDoes the Court ever meet outside of its traditional term time?Who determines the meaning of a state constitution?AMENDMENT XV.Can a business be liable for injuries caused to its patrons by third parties?Are divorces no-fault or fault-based?When served with a complaint, what is the legal responsibility of a defendant?How are state court judges picked?Who was the most famous federal appeals court judge to never make it to the U.S. Supreme Court?How is a lawyer paid?What is the speaker of the House?Do credit cards always have annual fees?THIRD AND FOURTH AMENDMENTS Can parties who enter into a regular marriage change or convert that marriage into a covenant marriage?What broad categories of workers are not subject to the employment-at-will doctrine?What does the U.S. Constitution say about the U.S. Supreme Court?Are all state high courts called supreme courts?My supervisor made comments like "you're too old for the job." Is that evidence of age discrimination?What are home equity loans?AMENDMENT XVII.What is an example of an equal protection violation?Are employment discrimination awards taxable?What factors does a judge consider in determining sentencing?WORKERS' COMPENSATION LAW Is there a time limit on appeals?HISTORY OF THE CONSTITUTIONWhat is an adverse employment action?What state passed a law that repealed the employment at-will doctrine?How is a disability defined within the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)?Who was Miranda in the famous case?Are there an unlimited number of peremptory challenges?Can you be liable for the debts your spouse acquired prior to marriage?Can a person choose to waive or decline counsel and represent himself or herself?What is considered a work-related injury?What type of federal court system did Congress create in the Judiciary Act of 1789?What are jury instructions?EMPLOYEE COMPENSATION Who must consent to an adoption?When did Congress establish the lower federal courts?DEBT COLLECTORS AND THE LAWWhat is an impartial jury?THE EXECUTIVE BRANCHOTHER EMPLOYMENT LAW CONSIDERATIONSWhat are some defenses to intentional torts?Did the U.S. Supreme Court rely on international law in reaching its decision against the death penalty for juvenile offenders?What are common defenses to defamation claims?If a defendant is sentenced to three years, how much time will the defendant actually serve?TRIAL PROCESS What is the record?What if the EEOC finds there has been discrimination?What are some examples of frivolous lawsuits?LAWYERS AND LAWSUITSWhat are some famous quotes by Learned Hand?AMENDMENT XIII.What is a public figure and why is that important to defamation law?What is the minimum wage required by the FLSA?When does speech cross the line into unprotected incitement?What is a status offense?What is the right to a speedy trial?Can an employer fire an employee for filing a workers' compensation claim?What are some of the most common types of public policy exceptions to the employment-at-will doctrine?AMENDMENT XIX.Can consumers sue for violations of the FDCPA?What was the Ford Pinto problem?Did the Anti-Federalists have their own published writings?THE SUPREME COURT TERM How does the U.S. Supreme Court determine if something violates the Establishment Clause?Who was Dollree Mapp?Are mental conditions cognizable under the ADA?What is the importance of compulsory process?AMENDMENT XXIV.Who are some of the nation's leading federal appeals court judges?What role does a judge have with respect to plea bargaining?What exactly does the U.S. Constitution do?STATE COURTS What happened in the Clinton impeachment hearings?How many judges serve on the circuit courts?How did Congress change the ADA in 2008?What tort protects a person from being photographed in the bathroom?NINTH AND TENTH AMENDMENTSWhen a person is arrested and taken into custody, what happens next?What is the means test?Where did the U.S. Supreme Court first meet?Once a prosecutor offers a plea bargain can he or she renege on the deal?What is an arrest?Can a judge declare a mistrial?Are there limitations when debt collectors can call consumers?What type of jurisdiction does the U.S. Supreme Court have?What are the differences between civil unions and marriages?Didn't the U.S. Congress just pass a new law on credit cards?Who was the defendant in Gideon v. Wainwright?Is there a way to keep certain property by working out a deal with creditors?How do you prove credit discrimination?What is the document called that starts a lawsuit?What different types of child custody are there?If you are fired from your job can you obtain unemployment benefits coverage?Does a judge have to accept a plea bargain and give the defendant the sentence offered by the prosecution?What happens if your former spouse to whom you are paying alimony remarries?Who determines whether conduct constitutes a felony or a misdemeanor?What is breach of warranty?What is an example of a discrimination case involving religion in which it was ruled that the employer did not accommodate the employee adequately?What are some examples of disabilities under the ADA?AMENDMENT XXVII.Can you find out if a lawyer has faced discipline?When did the U.S. Supreme Court first recognize that Title VII included disparate impact claims?If the jury convicts the defendant, what are the defendant's options?How does the unemployment benefits process work?What is medical malpractice?What is professional negligence?What is a credit freeze?NEGLIGENCEWhat are some examples of intentional torts?What is the Tenth Amendment?What if an employer fires one employee who is 65 and replaces him or her with someone who is 47. Does this constitute age discrimination since both employees are over 40?How can people be married?SECOND AMENDMENT What are exempt assets?How many members are there in the House and the Senate?How did the necessary and proper clause affect a famous case involving a U.S. bank?What does the Tenth Amendment have to do with the concept of federalism?Where does the term "good Samaritan" come from?MARRIAGE What federal law prohibits employment discrimination based on age?Can an employer refuse to hire an employee whose disability would present a health risk to himself or others?What is the court or judge's role in the adoption process?How is the U.S. Constitution composed?Who was Gideon and who eventually was his appointed counsel?ARTICLE V.In what decision did the Court extend the exclusionary rule requirement to the states?Can the employee handbook that an employer hands out to you constitute a valid contract that binds the employer?What is the difference between serving sentences concurrently or consecutively?Can your attorney settle a case without your approval?What does the Constitution say about ex post facto laws?What types of challenges are available to strike jurors?What factors determine whether you will receive credit?What is the main difference between Chapter 13 and Chapter 7?What is the level of free speech protection for public employees?Why is the Fourteenth Amendment sometimes called a Second Bill of Rights?Is judicial review an American invention?What is bail?CRIMINAL PROCEDURESWhich justices have served the longest in history?What opinions were rendered by the U.S. Supreme Court concerning Wallace v. Jaffree.What are public hearings?What is an example of an ex post facto law?Are there time limits and notice requirements on filing worker compensation claims?What was the leading framer James Madison's opinion of judicial review?After a person is booked, what happens next?What is the full faith and credit clause?Can U.S. Supreme court justices be removed from office?Does it matter if a person has prior convictions?What are the two types of due process?Are adoption records private?Are there limitations as to what are reasonable accommodations?A famous celebrity endorsed a lawyer, but does that mean this is a superior lawyer?What is the role of punitive damages in bifurcated tort cases?How does a court determine whether property is marital/community property or separate property?How is marriage defined by the law?How are legal authorities identified?What can parties contract to in a pre-marital agreement?What is predatory lending?What are the terms of office for representatives and senators?How can a marriage be annulled?Can a court use an anonymous jury?What is tested on the bar exam?Can attorneys advertise in any way they want?What should you do if you have too much debt?In an FLSA case, who has the burden of proof to show that an employee is exempt from the overtime pay benefit?Does the race of the parent or child have a legitimate role in custody determinations?ARTICLE VI.How many different districts are there?If a lawyer passes a state bar exam can he or she then practice in any state?What was the prayer at issue in the Engel v. Vitale case?What types of relief do plaintiffs seek?What is the tort of nuisance?For what other reasons can an employee take FMLA leave?What does the court do if a reasonable accommodation conflicts with a seniority system?What is adoption?What if some unexpected event causes damage to a plaintiff after a defendant's negligent act?ADOPTIONWhat can people do when they feel their lawyers have been unethical or unprofessional?What does the law say about limiting marriages between family members?What is negligence per se?OTHER TORTSWhat is negligence and what are the elements of a negligence claim?What are some ways to prevent identity theft?If you're convicted of a crime as a juvenile can you be tried as an adult?What did the new Constitution say about slavery?THE COURT SYSTEMWhat is the process of plea bargaining?AMENDMENT IX.If the government places a Ten Commandments monument on government property, does that violate the Establishment Clause?Must employers give employees time off for lunch and for rest periods?What is a post-conviction proceeding?What are statutes of limitations?How does a Chapter 13 case begin?What is ineffective assistance of counsel?How old must an employee be to qualify for protection under the ADEA?What happens if a jury cannot reach a decision?Do credit reports contain credit scores?Can your employer read your email at work?What is defamation?What happens after a plaintiff files a complaint and a defendant files the answer?Can a defendant waive a preliminary hearing?RETALIATION Does the First Amendment protect graduation prayer?What is supervised visitation?Does a person have a tort claim if they are wrongfully detained for shoplifting in a major department store?Recently a creditor denied me credit for what I believe was because of my race or gender. Do I have any recourse?
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