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A short course of lectures
«The handy law answer book»

Can a business be liable for injuries caused to its patrons by third parties?Did the Anti-Federalists have their own published writings?What factors determine whether you will receive credit?Who was the greatest Supreme Court justice?What opinions have precedential value?Can the president veto only a portion of a law after it is passed by Congress?What are the purposes or reasons for bail?How can a marriage be annulled?What factors does a court consider in determining the amount of punitive damages?LEGISLATIVE BRANCHAMENDMENT XII.AcknowledgmentsCan parties of the same sex marry?How can people be married?Are public defenders good lawyers?What is a credit score?What is a reverse mortgage?What felonies can lead to the death penalty?Why is workers' compensation considered a form of compromise?After the Constitution was signed, what happened during the ratification process?What are some major death penalty decisions since Furman v. Georgia (1972)?What is double jeopardy?If a party loses, what are his or her legal options?What is an information?How many constitutional amendments have been enacted?What is the Fair Credit Reporting ActHow does an employee file a claim under Title VII or other federal employment law?Does the race of the parent or child have a legitimate role in custody determinations?What are the requirements for someone to serve in the U.S. Senate?Why do some consider the judicial branch the least powerful branch of government?Do private attorneys take cases pro bono?What if you suffer a heart attack due to stress on the job? Are you compensable under workers compensation?What are exempt assets?What happened in Garcetti v. Ceballos?What is the difference between serving sentences concurrently or consecutively?Must you take a blood test before getting married?With what plan did the Virginia Plan compete?What is bankruptcy?AMENDMENT VI.What can parties contract to in a pre-marital agreement?What happens in the jury instruction phase of the trial?What is vicarious liability?Are there differences between irreconcilable differences and other grounds for divorce?What is a "reasonable person"?DIVORCE What happens after a plaintiff files a complaint and a defendant files the answer?Can you find out if a lawyer has faced discipline?Did all of the 55 delegates sign the final product of the Philadelphia Convention?What are the required elements of a defamation claim?How does a judge determine whether sentencing is concurrent or consecutive?ADOPTIONWhat are the time limits for filing an Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) charge?Does a judge have to accept a plea bargain and give the defendant the sentence offered by the prosecution?How are presidents elected?How does the notion of community standards affect obscenity cases?Can an employer be held negligent if it retains or hires an employee who is dangerous to the public?How does the Constitution give the judicial branch a role in the legal system?How does a court handle the issue of reasonable accommodations and undue hardships?When does speech cross the line and become a true threat?What are the categories of Congress' powers in regulating interstate commerce?What tort protects a person from being photographed in the bathroom?If a person passes the bar exam, is he or she automatically entitled to practice law?What were some important precursors to Marbury v. Madison?What is a preliminary hearing?What is voir dire?What is continuing legal education?What types of issues are covered by family law, or the law of domestic relations?What is a "frolic and detour"?What happened in the Heller case?What does freedom of religion mean?Who was the only speaker of the House also to become president of the United States?What is recrimination?Do all state high courts have the same number of justices or judges?Does Title Vll's retaliation clause protect an employee who participates not in a court proceeding or EEOC investigation but in an employer's internal investigation of sexual harassment?What is a bail bondsman?What was the pressing need for the Constitution?Do trial juries have to be composed of 12 jurors?Can your employer require you to take a drug test?Which justices have served the longest in history?Can a court require a parent to pay child support?Is a person entitled to an attorney during the booking process?APPEALSWhat is a suspended sentence?Can jury members discuss the case before deliberations?Is there a way to keep certain property by working out a deal with creditors?What was the McDonald's hot coffee case?What is the Lily Ledbetter Act?Is there a difference between the initial appearance and the arraignment?What exactly does "beyond a reasonable doubt" mean?Do all states recognize the different sub-torts of invasion of privacy?Why was James Madison a key person in the Convention?DISABILITY DISCRIMINATION For what other reasons can an employee take FMLA leave?Which states do not have elections for any type of judges?What if an employer offers lifetime or permanent employment? Does the employment-at-will doctrine still apply?What is the "taxicab exemption"?Can young people—even those under 40—sue for age discrimination under state laws?How does the Constitution give the executive branch a role in the law?What is a bankruptcy trustee?Why is judicial review celebrated and criticized in the democracy?Are all state court systems based on the three-tiered model of trial court, intermediate appellate court, and final appellate court?What are common defenses to defamation claims?Are all freedoms in the Bill of Rights extended to the states?What is the meaning of probable cause?What is "impeachment"?How is the U.S. Constitution composed?AMENDMENT XXI.What is an example of an employer policy that would be considered disparate impact?What are some other examples of intentional infliction of emotional distress?What entity handles worker compensation claims?What are the different types of alimony?How does an employee prove a claim of religious discrimination?What was the case of Palsgraf v. Long Island Railroad Company concerning proximate causation?AMENDMENT II.What is an example of the double jeopardy clause prohibiting multiple punishments for the same offense?What happened in the large state of Virginia with respect to ratification?What are the legal results of a felony conviction?THE SUPREME COURT TERM What does the Constitution say about the composition of Congress?What are the two types of due process?Which states prohibit employment discrimination based on sexual orientation for public employees only?How do courts determine custody for a child?What is res ipsa loquitur?Can an employer fire an employee for filing a workers' compensation claim?What are other distinguishing features of a grand jury?What is products liability?What is the major federal law regulating compensation for employees?Can an employer establish mandatory retirement limits?What is tort reform?Must employers give employees time off for lunch and for rest periods?What are the different forms of comparative negligence?What sorts of employer actions can constitute unlawful retaliation?How is a lawyer paid?Can a state conduct a criminal trial with only five jurors?Does the ADA prohibit disability-based harassment in the workplace?What freedoms does the Fifth Amendment protect?What do various state constitutions or statutes say about same-sex marriages?CHILD SUPPORT What age restrictions are imposed on prospective adoptive parents?What are typical grounds for divorce?What explained the difference between the two 2005 decisions by the U.S. Supreme Court?Are contingency fees available for all types of cases?What does it cost to file for bankruptcy?Who was Gideon and who eventually was his appointed counsel?What if the EEOC does not find there has been discrimination?Does the defendant have to physically appear before a judge at the initial appearance and the arraignment?Are all debts dischargeable under Chapter 7?What is the difference between a lump-sum settlement and a structured settlement?If an appellate court reverses a trial court, what happens next?NINTH AND TENTH AMENDMENTSRecently a creditor denied me credit for what I believe was because of my race or gender. Do I have any recourse?Why would it be fair to impose strict liability on the manufacturer of a product?Who was the defendant Ballew?What is a "Belo" contract?What is breach of warranty?What happens to an employee's job when he or she returns from FMLA leave?What caused the U.S. Supreme Court to change course and uphold death penalty statutes only a few years after its Furman decision?What happens after a bill is introduced?What freedom does the Seventh Amendment protect?BANKRUPTCYRETALIATION What does the law say about limiting marriages between family members?What is the protection against self-incrimination?What exactly is incorporation and how does this work?What are some defenses to intentional torts?What is due process?Is there a set time for closing arguments?Can stepparents adopt their spouse's (biological) children?Why is the Commerce Clause so important?Is the death penalty considered cruel and unusual?What if an employee suffers a permanent disability?THE CRIMINAL PROCESS DEBT COLLECTORS AND THE LAWWhat is just compensation?What types of discrimination does Title VII prohibit?Can employers assert any defense to supervisory harassment?What are the basic types of crimes?Who determines whether conduct constitutes a felony or a misdemeanor?Do computer programmers and computer system analysts qualify as professionals and exempt from FLSA's overtime provisions?What happened to Ernesto A. Miranda after the U.S. Supreme Court decision?ALIMONYSome have said James Madison used the Bill of Rights to save the Constitution. Is there truth to this?Who were the original federal district court judges in these thirteen districts?What is medical malpractice?How long do Chapter 13 cases last compared to Chapter 7 cases?Under the McDonnell Douglas framework, how does an employee establish a prima facie case of discrimination?If a lawyer passes a state bar exam can he or she then practice in any state?What is an impartial jury?What types of relief do plaintiffs seek?What happens at the start of a criminal trial?Are there time limits and notice requirements on filing worker compensation claims?What are public hearings?Why are jury instructions important?What is a famous tort case of involving intrusion?Are there different types of credit?What is the speaker of the House?What is the direct appeal?Are state constitutions based on the U.S. Constitution?If an employee presents a prima facie (or basic) case of discrimination, what must the employer show?What does a defense attorney hope to accomplish at a preliminary hearing?What are some examples of intentional torts?How much legal information is available online now?What legal doctrine still provides the baseline rule that employees have little protection in the employment relationship in the United States?Who were the 55 Founding Framers of the Philadelphia Convention of 1787After the prosecution finishes its case, can the defense immediately file for dismissal?How does the court determine if a defendant received effective assistance of counsel?Why did Elbridge Gerry, Edmund Randolph and George Mason refuse to sign the Constitution?What did the Court decide with respect to criminal three-strikes laws?WORKERS' COMPENSATION LAW What different types of child custody are there?ARTICLE VII.Can your attorney settle a case without your approval?What if some unexpected event causes damage to a plaintiff after a defendant's negligent act?Which interpretation—collective or individual—has the U.S. Supreme Court adopted?AMENDMENT XV.Can a credit report include bankruptcies, lawsuits, and arrests?Where are judicial opinions located?Is a defendant entitled to a jury trial?Can persons separate without filing for a divorce?EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION How much does a marriage license cost?What is the role of punitive damages in bifurcated tort cases?Were all the Founders convinced that the executive branch should consist of one person?What was circuit duty?What are examples of public officials and public figures?What are expert witnesses?What are the factors a court considers in deciding whether and how much to award in alimony?Do prior bankruptcy filings affect eligibility to file other bankruptcy petitions?How are state court judges picked?Do jury verdicts have to be unanimous?What is the fundamental purpose of the Fourth Amendment?Who determines the meaning of a state constitution?Is judicial review an American invention?Are there an unlimited number of peremptory challenges?What is the relationship between state high courts and state constitutions?The ADA mentions a "qualified individual with a disability." What is such a "qualified individual"?What is the main difference between Chapter 13 and Chapter 7?Once a prosecutor offers a plea bargain can he or she renege on the deal?What can you do if there is an error on your credit card bill?Why is legal language sometimes hard to understand?Does the First Amendment protect graduation prayer?How are lawyers punished for misconduct?What level of First Amendment rights do students possess?How does the Fair and Accurate Credit Transactions Act (FACTA) help consumers fight identity theft?Can your employer force you to take a polygraph test?PRE-MARITAL AGREEMENTS Can a younger person in the protected class sue for age discrimination?Can you explain the elements of a lower court citation?What are some of the most common types of public policy exceptions to the employment-at-will doctrine?What are home equity loans?Are there other laws that allowed injured employees to receive time off from work?EMPLOYEE COMPENSATION AMENDMENT XXVI.AGE DISCRIMINATION AMENDMENT XVII.In what states was the ratification debate most intense and close?How is a disability defined within the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)?How can you protect yourself from identity thieves?Do courts always follow their past decisions?Can an injury in a sports contest constitute a battery?THE BILL OF RIGHT AND THE 14TH AMENDMENTDoes my state also have anti-discrimination laws that protect me as an employee?If a credit reporting agency unfairly refuses to correct a mistake, can you sue?Does a person have a tort claim if they are wrongfully detained for shoplifting in a major department store?Why are punitive damage awards considered controversial?What state has the highest minimum wage law?What was the Santa Fe Independent School District v. Doe case on school prayer and what did the U.S. Supreme Court decide?Are divorces no-fault or fault-based?Would a negative performance evaluation constitute an adverse employment action?What was the Fugitive Slave Clause?What is credit insurance?TITLE VIIWhat is a Batson challenge?Where does the term "good Samaritan" come from?If a consumer disputes information on his or her credit report must that be included in the credit report?STATE CONSTITUTIONS What was the prayer at issue in the Engel v. Vitale case?What does it take to become a lawyer?Who must consent to an adoption?Can consumers view their credit scores?If the grand jury refuses to indict can the prosecutor re-file?What is a famous intentional infliction of emotional distress case involving Hustler Magazine?How did the necessary and proper clause affect a famous case involving a U.S. bank?What is the standard of care for a physician?How does a court determine the amount of child support?Where do you go to select the right credit card?AMENDMENT IX.What happens if a party will not respond to discovery requests?Can consumers sue for violations of the FDCPA?What happens if your former spouse to whom you are paying alimony remarries?How does the criminal process begin?Do all states have separate laws dealing with minimum wages?CRIMINAL PROCEDURESAMENDMENT XVI.If an employee files both a sex or race discrimination claim and a retaliation claim, can the retaliation claim survive even if the underlying sex or race claim is dismissed?How did the U.S. Constitution structure the legislative branch?Can juror misconduct lead to a mistrial?What type of federal court system did Congress create in the Judiciary Act of 1789?AMENDMENT III.Does the EEOC's finding of no discrimination prevent a subsequent court proceeding?What is predatory lending?Where did the U.S. Supreme Court first meet?Didn't the U.S. Congress just pass a new law on credit cards?When served with a complaint, what is the legal responsibility of a defendant?When did Congress create separate judges for the circuit courts?What is a right-to-sue letter?Can the same conduct form the basis for both a crime and a tort?A famous celebrity endorsed a lawyer, but does that mean this is a superior lawyer?AMENDMENT XXVII.Can a minor birth mother consent to an adoption?Can parties who enter into a regular marriage change or convert that marriage into a covenant marriage?What are the benefits of plea bargaining?OTHER EMPLOYMENT LAW CONSIDERATIONSHow do justices get on the U.S. Supreme Court?What were the professions of the Founders?What makes the Second Amendment controversial?ARTICLE II.What is the record?What happens if a person refuses to pay child support?What is an example of an ex post facto law?What if you are charged with a crime and don't have enough money for an attorney?What was the Virginia Plan?What are payday loans?FIFTH AMENDMENTHow precarious was the Great Compromise and its ultimate success?What should you look for in an attorney?What are the differences between civil unions and marriages?What are some famous quotes by Learned Hand?SECOND AMENDMENT KEY CONCEPTS AND STRUCTURE OF THE CONSTITUTIONWhat is an example of an equal protection violation?What is a 341 meeting?What is bail?If you think you are the father of a child, but you are not married and the mother refuses to let you see the baby, is there anything you can do?What is the story of Jason Little and how the public policy exception to employment at will protected him from physical assault?What expenses do adoptive parents pay to the birth mother?Can cousins legally marry?What is the Fair Debt Collections Practices Act?When did Congress create the circuit courts in their present form?AMENDMENT XI.Does a defendant have a right to a preliminary hearing in state court?How does the federal court system created by the Founding Fathers compare and contrast with the current federal court system?What is supervised visitation?THIRD AND FOURTH AMENDMENTS What is a common-law marriage?What recent decision on eminent domain and just compensation outraged many?Can a judge appoint attorneys to represent someone?How much can you expect to pay a lawyer?How does tort law differ from contract law?When did the U.S. Supreme Court get its own building?Can attorneys advertise in any way they want?What is identity theft?Can a judge declare a mistrial?What is the discovery rule and how does it impact statutes of limitations in tort cases?If the case proceeds to trial what happens next?What is an example of power that should be "reserved" to the states under the Tenth Amendment?FAMILY LAWIn what famous decision did the U.S. Supreme Court establish certain rights to persons facing interrogation and questioning from police?What are the various House Committees?Can a defendant waive a preliminary hearing?What are some of the exceptions to the overtime pay requirement?ARTICLE III.What federal law prohibits employment discrimination based on age?Is a party's retirement account considered marital or separate property?When does the U.S. Supreme Court meet?When did the Court originally begin its new terms?AMENDMENT XXII.What eligibility requirements are there for Chapter 13?What is professional negligence?If the jury convicts the defendant, what are the defendant's options?Have any U.S. Supreme Court justices been impeached?What major laws prohibit discrimination based on disability or handicap?Explanation of Case and Statute CitationsHow does the Constitution give Congress the power to impact law?What Is the main difference between a federal district court and the other federal courts?TRIAL PROCESS ARTICLE I.If your employer is not covered by the FMLA, are there any state laws that could help?What is the primary source of law in the United States?What are "irreconcilable differences"?How often does the Supreme Court hear cases?During the prosecution's case, is there a chance at cross-examination?My supervisor made comments like "you're too old for the job." Is that evidence of age discrimination?What was the Evarts Act?What is the right to a speedy trial?What is the work product of judges and courts?Do school officials have unfettered authority to conduct strip searches?JUDICIARY ACT OF 1789 PROFESSIONAL NEGLIGENCE Do some lawyers work on retainer?AMENDMENT XXV.What is a judicial opinion?Is there a time limit on appeals?What if an employer has multiple reasons for taking adverse action against an employee—a discriminatory reason and a lawful reason?What happens if the defendant pleads guilty?Can a juvenile defendant receive the death penalty or life in prison without the possibility of parole?Do all states require individuals to take a bar exam to practice law?Does the First Amendment protect all forms of free speech?Does Title VII apply to harassing behavior on the part of employers?ARTICLE V.Can your employer read your email at work?Who was the defendant in Gideon v. Wainwright?Title VII also prohibits religious discrimination by covered employers. What is the law's definition of religion?What does Title VII say about retaliation?Title VII protects individuals based on their gender, but does it protect people because of their sexual orientation?If there is an error on your credit report, what do you do?What if you test positive for drugs, but you really believe that the test was wrong? Is there any recourse?What are the powers of the president?Who appoints an attorney for a criminal defendant?What was the Great Compromise?What is ineffective assistance of counsel?Why is credit expensive?Are there limits to punitive damage awards?Does it matter if a person has prior convictions?How does the U.S. Supreme Court determine if something violates the Establishment Clause?Can grandparents have visitation rights?EIGHTH AMENDMENTWhat happens during a trial?Are all lawyers litigators?What are the terms of office for representatives and senators?Which states still do have contributory negligence?SIXTH AMENDMENT In what decision did the Court extend the exclusionary rule requirement to the states?What is the difference between a secured and unsecured creditor?What is a status offense?What is the American Bar Association?Must an employer do anything to accommodate employees who wish to breast feed their children?What is a protected class?Does the First Amendment protect advertising?What are jury instructions?Does school prayer violate the Establishment Clause?AMENDMENT XIII.What are jury consultants?What is the process of plea bargaining?EMPLOYMENTHow many women have served as Supreme Court justices?How many bar exams are there?Can a court use an anonymous jury?Are there limitations as to what are reasonable accommodations?How do criminal trials proceed?How does a court determine how to apportion marital property?Can the employee handbook that an employer hands out to you constitute a valid contract that binds the employer?The Constitution of the United StatesAre all persons charged with crimes entitled to bail?Can all law school graduates take the bar exam?Where does a person go to find a lawyer?Does Title VII protect employees who are harassed by members of the same sex?When did the U.S. Supreme Court first recognize that Title VII included disparate impact claims?Can an employer refuse to hire an employee whose disability would present a health risk to himself or others?What are some of the major anti-discrimination laws at the federal level?Do blue collar workers who have great expertise in their respective jobs fall under the professional overtime exemption under FLSA?Where does the word "tort" come from?How can a spouse ensure that property remains separate?What is Title VII?What types of damages are most common in tort cases?What can people do when they feel their lawyers have been unethical or unprofessional?What freedoms does the Sixth Amendment protect?RELIGIOUS DISCRIMINATIONTHE EXECUTIVE BRANCHWhat type of law creates a Tenth Amendment issue?What is the purpose of workers' compensation?What is alimony?What is the right to counsel?What employers are obligated to follow the FMLA?FIRST AMENDMENT What part of the Judiciary Act of 1789 gives the Supreme Court the power to review state laws?Who was Griggs in the Griggs v. Duke Power case?What happens in the closing argument phase?What is plain view?What did Alexander Hamilton have to say about judicial review?Is there a tort that you can use or sue under if someone files false criminal charges against you?What are some examples of frivolous lawsuits?What is tested on the bar exam?If the government places a Ten Commandments monument on government property, does that violate the Establishment Clause?What are the two main types or theories of discrimination?AMENDMENT XX.What is the document called that starts a lawsuit?What are the basic types of bankruptcy?Are all state high courts called supreme courts?Can courts modify child support obligations?What are some ways to prevent identity theft?Are children held to the same standard of care as adults?PRODUCTS LIABILITY What happened to Percy Green after McDonnell Douglas v. Green?What if the EEOC finds there has been discrimination?Does Title VII apply to just intentional discrimination?If the employee establishes a prima facie claim, what must the employer do?AT-WILL EMPLOYMENTLAWYERS AND LAWSUITSIf an employer does present a legitimate, nondiscriminatory reason for the discharge then what must the employee do to prove his or her case?What is a grand jury?How many different districts are there?What does it mean for a trial to be public?Must government officials always obtain a warrant before conducting a search or a seizure?What opinions were rendered by the U.S. Supreme Court concerning Wallace v. Jaffree.Who are some of the nation's leading federal appeals court judges?How does a court determine whether property is marital/community property or separate property?What is federalism?GlossaryHas there been recent movement in Congress to change the circuit court structure?How does the unemployment benefits process work?How long does negative information stay on my credit report?What is considered a work-related injury?How does a court determine if someone's Fourth Amendment rights have been violated?If you are a pregnant and unmarried woman, and the father refuses to acknowledge paternity, what can you do?If your lawyer does a lousy job on your case, for what reasons can you sue for malpractice?What is credit and why is it so important?What is the importance of compulsory process?When did the law allow interracial marriages?Are there other federal courts that are not Article III courts?What is an arrest?What are the requirements for someone to serve in the U.S. House of Representatives?How do you qualify for a court-appointed attorney?HISTORY OF THE CONSTITUTIONWhich federal judges have been impeached?FINDING A LAWYER AMENDMENT V.Can companies purchase copies of credit reports?What does assistance of counsel mean?What were the Federalist Papers and what was their importance?What happened with the Chase impeachment proceedings?Can a parent with custody move out of state with a child without permission of the other parent?What is the exclusionary rule?NEGLIGENCEWho was the first speaker of the House?What are some examples of disabilities under the ADA?What is time served?At what age can a person legally marry?What does the Federal Magistrates Act do?What are statutes of limitations?What did the new Constitution say about slavery?When does an injury arise out of and in the course of employment?What is adoption?What is the tort of nuisance?What are the lawyer ratings provided for by Martindale-Hubbell?Can you file for divorce in a state that is not the state in which you were married?What types of jobs do lawyers have?What type of jurisdiction does the U.S. Supreme Court have?What further legal options are available to a person once convicted?What is the minimum wage required by the FLSA?Are there limitations when debt collectors can call consumers?What factors do courts use to determine whether someone is entitled to bail and what amount?What about employees receiving tips and how they are treated under FLSA?Does the Constitution specify the number of U.S. Supreme Court justices?What is a covenant marriage?How is marriage defined by the law?What was the U.S. Supreme Court's definition of a true threat in Virginia v. Black (2003).AMENDMENT I.What is a public interest law firm?What broad categories of workers are not subject to the employment-at-will doctrine?What types of crimes committed by a spouse give the other spouse grounds for divorce?What is intentional infliction of emotional distress?What types of attorneys argue cases before the U.S. Supreme Court?What is the full faith and credit clause?Isn't it true that the original Constitution (before the Bill of Rights) was already a bill of rights of sorts?AMENDMENT IV.How can you build good credit?How did the employment-at-will doctrine originate in the United States?If your spouse leaves and doesn't come back, is that grounds for divorce?Who were some of the leaders of the Philadelphia Convention of 1787?What is the duty to mitigate damages?When did Justice Sandra Day O'Connor introduce her endorsement test?What is an example of a discrimination case involving religion in which it was ruled that the employer did not accommodate the employee adequately?What happens once an employee files a charge of discrimination?What are titles?In those states that examine the relocation of a parent under a "best interests of the child" analysis, what are the factors that courts consider?What is the order of argument with respect to closing arguments?Is a trial judge required to give a definition of beyond a reasonable doubt?Are there constitutional limitations to bail?Who was primarily responsible for proposing the Bill of Rights?What is the Confrontation Clause?What is a post-conviction proceeding?CHILD CUSTODYWhat is obscenity?What exactly does the ADA prohibit?If a defendant is sentenced to three years, how much time will the defendant actually serve?How many members are there in the House and the Senate?When did Congress establish the lower federal courts?How do circuit courts of appeal hear cases?In an FLSA case, who has the burden of proof to show that an employee is exempt from the overtime pay benefit?What are examples of crimes that constitute felonies?Do credit cards always have annual fees?Can a parent have child custody if he or she has committed a crime?What does the Supremacy Clause of the U.S. Constitution say?When can a federal judge become a senior judge?Did any of the recent justices on the Supreme Court previously serve as a judge in some capacity?When can a judge reverse a jury verdict?How do you prove credit discrimination?What was the purpose of the Third Amendment?What role does a judge have with respect to plea bargaining?What happens if both parties (plaintiff and defendant) are negligent?What is the means test?What is a no-asset case?Since Title VII does not protect employees from discrimination based on sexual orientation does that mean these employees have no protection?How did the invasion of privacy tort originate?How does an employee prove retaliation?Can a defendant waive his or her right to a jury?What is a wobbler?How does the Court determine whether punishment is cruel and unusual?Does Title VII prohibit discrimination against transsexuals?What was the famous plate-snatching case?How is a law created?What other conduct does the FDCPA prohibit?What types of cases are examples of tort cases?What is a statute of repose?If the jury cannot agree and is deadlocked, what does a court do?Who determines the percentages of fault of the parties?What does the Constitution say about ex post facto laws?What is an adverse employment action?How do you know if you have too much debt?Why is comparative fault considered fairer than contributory negligence?When a person is arrested and taken into custody, what happens next?Which federal judges lost their jobs because of the Judiciary Act of 1802?What were the principal objections of the Anti-Federalists to the Constitution?BECOMING A LAWYER What if an editorial writer uses strong language to describe a person?What is defamation?What are some other powers of Congress mentioned in the U.S. Constitution?What are some commonly alleged errors in criminal trials?LAWSUITS How does a person keep track of all the abbreviations and requirements for legal citations?What are the two core clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment?Can a person choose to waive or decline counsel and represent himself or herself?Can states cap punitive damage awards?What rights does the Ninth Amendment protect?What state passed a law that repealed the employment at-will doctrine?Did the U.S. Supreme Court rely on international law in reaching its decision against the death penalty for juvenile offenders?What information does an adoption agency consider when determining whether to place a child with prospective adoptive parents?What is a citation for a judicial opinion?What expression was involved in the Tinker case?What do we mean by an annotated code?Can U.S. Supreme court justices be removed from office?Who can perform marriages?Where did James Madison look for possible proposals that eventually became included in the Bill of Rights?If a supervisor commented on an employee's physical anatomy a few times and made several sexual jokes in her presence, is that sexual harassment?Can a court require parents to attend counseling sessions before awarding custody?What are the two types of causation in tort cases?What should you do if you have too much debt?What is a crime?If the majority opinion becomes the law of the land, are concurring and dissenting opinions important?How many judges serve on the circuit courts?JUVENILE DEFENDANTS What was the leading framer James Madison's opinion of judicial review?What is phishing?MARRIAGE What determines when the U.S. Supreme Court will hear a case?AMENDMENT VII.LOANSWho was the principal author of the Judiciary Act of 1789?Are adoption records private?What states allow covenant marriages?AMENDMENT VIII.What were the problems with the Articles of Confederation?What states have laws that prohibit discrimination against employees (public and private) because of sexual orientation?FOURTEENTH AMENDMENT Where do attorneys obtain proposed jury instructions?What is a credit freeze?How are legal authorities identified?ARTICLE IV.Does it violate the ADEA for an employer to provide a date of birth question on an employment application?Who was Miranda in the famous case?PATERNITYWhy does a criminal defendant need an attorney?Can separate property be converted to marital property during the course of a marriage?What can disqualify a person from sitting for a bar exam?What is the Fourth Amendment?What factors does a judge consider in determining sentencing?What are closing arguments?How many federal district courts and federal appeals courts are there?What does FLSA say about overtime pay?What is the Tenth Amendment?What is a tort?What are some advantages of filing Chapter 13 versus filing for Chapter 7?Are mental conditions cognizable under the ADA?What was the Ford Pinto problem?What are the basic types of torts?Can adoption agencies consider the race of the adoptive parents or children when making decisions?How does a court determine a public policy exception to the at-will doctrine?How does a court determine whether an employee suffers discrimination?What are the common tools of discovery?STATE COURTS Must school officials have probable cause before searching a student in a public school?Are punching and kicking the only acts that are regarded as battery?What else takes place at the arraignment?What are some famous executive orders in American history?What is a "reasonable accommodation" in the ADA?AMENDMENT X.What does the employee receive in workers's compensation benefits?What does the U.S. Constitution say about the U.S. Supreme Court?CREDIT AND BANKRUPTCY LAWARTICLE VI.THE COURT SYSTEMWhat is considered harassing behavior under the Fair Debt Collections Practices Act (FDCPA)?Who was William Evarts?What are some common grounds for attorney discipline?What if one parent refuses another parent's visitation rights?What are civil unions?How should and employer determine if an employee is qualified?Who was Dollree Mapp?What is the concept of deep pockets?What is the level of free speech protection for public employees?What is negligence per se?How did the battle between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists conclude?What types of problems cause product liability actions?What is the key factor in determining whether employees may be included in a valid tip pool?Can courts modify custody arrangements?What happens with the attorneys' proposed jury instructions?Does the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) prohibit credit discrimination based on sexual orientation?Are there limitations on the amount of attorney's fees?What is APR?Are mixed-motive claims cognizable under the ADEA as they are under Title VII?Is a marriage in a foreign country recognized as valid in the United States?Can presidents be impeached?What states still recognize common-law marriages?Are all attorney or legal malpractice claims based on negligence law?How long do justices serve on the Supreme Court?If you're convicted of a crime as a juvenile can you be tried as an adult?AMENDMENT XXIII.Can the jury receive written copies of the judge's instructions?CONSTITUTIONAL LAWCan prospective adoptive parents advertise that they wish to adopt a child?What is separation of powers?Can you be liable for the debts your spouse acquired prior to marriage?What was the McDonnell Douglas case about?How does a court determine if bail is excessive?Can employers really discriminate against employees for any reason?Are awards in tort cases taxable?Why is the Fourteenth Amendment sometimes called a Second Bill of Rights?AMENDMENT XIX.What does the court do if a reasonable accommodation conflicts with a seniority system?What must a consumer do before filing bankruptcy?How old must an employee be to qualify for protection under the ADEA?Are there exemptions under state laws?Why were the first ten amendments—the Bill of Rights—added to the U.S. Constitution?What is a foreign adoption?What does the Tenth Amendment have to do with the concept of federalism?What is a credit report?What is negligence and what are the elements of a negligence claim?Can a person have multiple spouses?AMENDMENT XIV.What is a public figure and why is that important to defamation law?What is the court or judge's role in the adoption process?What are briefs?What is condonation?How are state court systems established?JUDICIAL BRANCH How did Congress change the ADA in 2008?What is a variable rate?Can judges sequester juries?Must a criminal defendant testify on behalf of himself or herself?Does the status of a speaker affect First Amendment freedoms?Is it a requirement for a Supreme Court justice to have prior judicial experience?What types of consumers must file for Chapter 13?What if the press reports on the sex life of a famous politician? Is that invasion of privacy?Can a "Good Samaritan" be held liable if he or she acts negligently even though they are trying to help?SEVENTH AMENDMENT What happened in the Clinton impeachment hearings?THE U.S. CONSTITUTION How do you cite a statute or law?What is child custody?When does speech cross the line into unprotected incitement?What is an appellate brief?Are prenuptial agreements, or pre-marital agreements, valid?After a person is booked, what happens next?Do credit reports contain credit scores?What is an example of attorney malpractice?What warnings must the police give you when they arrest you and place you in custody?Who became the first woman to serve as speaker of the House?What happens if a jury cannot reach a decision?If you fall on a slippery floor in a store, can you sue for negligence?Is a moment of silence law constitutional?Does Title VII apply to all employees?What is disposable income?Is there a difference between mandatory authority and persuasive authority?What did James Madison say in his speech to Congress on June 1789, when he argued for the Bill of Rights?If you are fired from your job can you obtain unemployment benefits coverage?Does Title VII protect individuals of all races?Who was the most famous federal appeals court judge to never make it to the U.S. Supreme Court?Are all criminal defendants entitled to a court-appointed attorney?What is the nickname of the Supreme Court Building?What methods of adoptions are there?Is expert testimony required in medical malpractice cases?Do many states have family courts?AMENDMENT XXIV.What freedoms does the First Amendment protect?What are examples of professional negligence claims?How does a Chapter 13 case begin?Does the Court ever meet outside of its traditional term time?How does tort law differ from criminal law?Where are constitutional amendments placed in the Constitution?What is an example of a separation of powers problem?Are employment discrimination awards taxable?What is an example of false light invasion of privacy?AMENDMENT XVIII.What exactly does the U.S. Constitution do?Do juveniles in juvenile court receive all of the same rights as adults charged in criminal court?If a direct appeal process and the state post-conviction process both fail, are there any other legal avenues?SENTENCING OTHER TORTSPERSONAL INJURY LAWWhat advantage is it for a person to have representation from a public interest law firm?Can birth mothers withdraw consent to an adoption?Can a consumer reporting agency send a credit report to prospective employers?Does a biological father have the right to notification that his child may be placed for adoption by the child's mother?What if an employer fires one employee who is 65 and replaces him or her with someone who is 47. Does this constitute age discrimination since both employees are over 40?Do birth parents always have to consent to an adoption?What distinguishes criminal law from civil law?What are possible disadvantages of plea bargaining?What types of challenges are available to strike jurors?What happens after a person is convicted?What happened in New York Times Co. v. Sullivan?What does each side hope to accomplish with closing arguments?
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