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A short course of lectures
«The handy geography answer book»

GuineaBhutanWhere are the East and West Indies?SloveniaWhere is Crimea?Who are Kiwis?What is a theocracy?Sierra LeoneEl SalvadorTongaWhich natural disasters doesn't Southern California experience?How can I measure how much rain falls where I live?What do minutes and seconds have to do with longitude and latitude?What is one of the only countries in the world to provide constitutional protection to gays, lesbians, and bisexuals?Where is Atlantis?What's NAFTA?How much beef does Australia export?Which country is the world's leading lead producer?Which Middle Eastern country has the largest population?What are continents?What were the Buddhas of Bamiyan?PHYSICAL FEATURES AND RESOURCES Where is the southernmost glacier in Europe?Where is the Black Forest?ChadHow many countries has the U.S. military attacked or occupied since the beginning of the year 2000?What is a Potentially Hazardous Asteroid or PHA?MacedoniaWhat is evapotranspiration?What is the green revolution?What are the four main islands that make up Japan?HURRICANES Which European country produces the most nuclear energy?What language do people in Madagascar speak?What is the Oglala Aquifer?But what if I can't find the map I'm looking for?Which Southeast Asian country is one of the world's richest?What is a renewable resource?What is a plaza?How is water used in the home?What is Africa's most populous country?What is Europe's oldest independent state?HaitiWhere did agriculture begin?SomaliaTajikistanWhat was the Trail of Tears?How long is China's Great Wall?How many islands make up Indonesia?What makes a piece of paper a map?What is the difference between an ocean and a sea?Why does the ground sink?EXPLORATIONWhat is a thunderstorm?How many people live on the Earth?Which Hawaiian island was once a leper colony?What happens when I cross the International Date Line?Where is Acadiana?What was the first independent country in the Caribbean?Who is the biggest producer of oil in Europe?What is the windiest place on Earth?What is the largest airport in the world?Where was the first atomic bomb used on a populated area?What should I do in the event of a flood?BoliviaWhat is the largest continent?What are fossil fuels?What were some of the earliest colonies?KiribatiIn the past, how many people were sold into slavery in the United States?What caused the great Indian Ocean Tsunami of December 2004?IndiaWhere was Checkpoint Charlie?What is the most common last name in the world?What are the sources of air pollution?What is ethnic cleansing?What different types of lightning are there?What are the westerlies?MoroccoWhich African country has Spanish as an official language?GermanyCONFLICTS AND NATIONS What state has only one legislative body?Where are the Leeward Islands?Which place in South America is part of the European Union?What was Gran Colombia?LibyaCITIES AND SUBURBSHow big is the Sahara Desert?HungaryWho are the Maygar?Who owns the Panama Canal?How did a lake kill more than 2,000 people?What's the big red rock in the middle of Australia?What is the driest state?Are all Israelis Jewish?What is the population of the United States?How is northern Canada gaining elevation?Which Middle Eastern country currently has the longest-ruling leader?GreeceGhanaWhat are the seven wonders of the modern world?Which country has the world's highest population density?What is the oldest college in the United States?How cold is Siberia?How did a map help stop the spread of cholera?What are the lowest points on each continent?What is the Great Wall of China made of?THE EARTHWhat is the Organization of African Unity?Are glaciers only found in cold, northern places?How many lesbian and gay people are there in the world?What is the northernmost landmass in the world?What is the largest building in the world in terms of floor space?TogoWhere is South America's population clustered?MexicoWhat is the oldest continuously published newspaper in the United States?What is the life expectancy in Japan?What is the largest church building in the world?Who decides which names go on maps?What is the Gaza Strip?How many countries are there in Africa?Are all countries divided into one-hour time zones?What is Nunavut?Where are the four colored seas: Black, Yellow, Red, and White?What is the difference between cultivation and domestication?How was Niagara Falls stopped?MODERN MAPPING Which country in Africa is the only country that is not a member of the African Union?How much of the Earth is usually covered by clouds?Who are the Sherpa?How does Hawaii protect itself from tsunamis?BulgariaWhen was the most territory added to the United States at one time?Why are some borders curvy while others are straight?ArgentinaHow much of the Earth's surface is frozen?Who is Alberto Fujimori and what has he done for Peru?What is the busiest airport outside of the United States?Where are the Prairie Provinces?Why was the border between the Yemen and Saudi Arabia dashed on maps?When did agriculture begin?What does a 40 percent chance of rain really mean?ZambiaWhy is permafrost so important?KuwaitRepublic of the CongoWhich city has the most taxis?MaliHow wide is a degree of longitude?How does a city get chosen to host the Olympics?Why do third world countries no longer exist?Is it safe to stand in a doorway during an earthquake?How has GIS revolutionized cartography?What is the lowest point in the world on land?How many state names end in the letter "a"?Who was Alexander von Humboldt?What is a rain shadow?Who invented the first train?Where is the Bay of Pigs?LatviaMarshall IslandsHow many businesses are started each year in the United States?Who invented geography?HUMAN CIVILIZATION How did irredentism help start World War II?What road in the United States was known as the National Road?What is the world's most densely populated island?What is a tropical glacier?How much oil is produced by Europe?What is the National Flood Insurance Program?What is a desalination plant?When did the United States control the Philippines?How can I obtain a flood map of my community?What is a low high temperature and a high low temperature?Are there an equal number of boy and girl babies born?Which advanced industrial democracy ranks last in giving foreign aid as calculated as a percentage of its GNP?Who is a peon?Where does the name El Niño come from?What is a jungle?How do the people on the tiny islands in the Southern Pacific Ocean go shopping?Which countries lead the world in child poverty?What was the Rwanda genocide?What was Hurricane Katrina?What has the world's population been over time?Where does Asia end and Europe begin?When did the Suez Canal begin to operate?How does a GPS unit know where I am?What is a megalopolis?EASTERN EUROPE Where is Timbuktu?Has global warming affected the ice on Mt. Kilimanjaro?BelizeIn which direction do ships sail through the Panama Canal?Where is the Rock of Gibraltar?PEOPLE AND CULTUREWhat makes New Delhi so new?Where is the Bible Belt?How big is the area of the North Pole ice region?CITIES AND COUNTIES What makes Brazilian automobiles run?How many really big earthquakes occur each year?What is the highest point east of the Mississippi?How much junk is there in space?Who designed and planned the capital of Brazil?What does a glacier leave behind?How does India's caste system work?Why is Coney Island called an island even though it's not?UgandaWhat is Machu Picchu?What is the largest country in the world?Which country is the world's leading coffee producer?How many Near Earth Objects is NASA tracking?What is Iceland's leading export?Is the Earth a perfect sphere?What is the highest fjord in Norway?What type of calendar did the French use between 1793 and 1806?How can a gazetteer help me find latitude and longitude?What is the difference between small and large scale maps?RussiaHow widespread was the influenza pandemic of 1918?How did factories in the U.S.S.R. end up on the east side of the country?How many airports are there in the United States?AustriaBahrainWho won the Cold War?Where is Greater Syria?How are mountains formed?What was the Potsdam Conference?Who was the greatest explorer of the Arab world?How much of the world's population is devoted to agriculture?What were some of the most destructive tornadoes in U.S. history?What is balkanization?POPULATION (ZAR) LiberiaWhere will the biggest dam in the world be located?What is the world's most visited mountain?What is a cartel?When did suburbs become fashionable?How much does a gallon of water weigh?How does a choke point "choke" a body of water?What are the seven seas?What was Manifest Destiny?Who was Ponce de Leon?What do modern geographers do?What is the Commonwealth?Why did the sun never set on the British Empire?Guinea-BissauSurinameWhen do countries in the Southern Hemisphere observe Daylight Saving Time?Which state borders only one other state?CyprusWhere did the Inca civilization develop?Where is the oldest church in the Americas?Is there land at the North Pole?How do I convert Fahrenheit to Celsius to Kelvin?When was the first freeway built in the United States?UNITED STATES OF AMERICAAre there lots of mosquitoes on the Mosquito Coast?How many countries named Congo are there?How much money have U.S. taxpayers spent on the war in Iraq?What is the Forbidden City?Is the Strait of Magellan crooked?How long are the Rockies?What were Lewis and Clark looking for?What type of calendar was used in the Soviet Union between 1929 and 1940?What is the purpose of NATO now that the Soviet Union is gone?Why are road maps so difficult to fold?When was the second agricultural revolution?What was the Ottoman Empire?What is the difference between Islam and a Muslim?How can I determine the distance between two places by using a scale?What is a meander?PEOPLE, COUNTRIES, AND CITIES When was the compass invented?What is the Terracotta Army?How did the Soviet Bloc countries respond to the creation of NATO?Which country has the highest per capita GDP?What is tundra?What are the consequences when glaciers melt?ASIAWhy do houses fall into sinkholes?The BahamasKyrgyzstanHISTORYKenyaHow many religions have holy sites in Jerusalem?What is the Ring of Fire?What is the deepest lake in the United States?How thick is the Earth's crust?What are nomads?Why did Peru and Ecuador fight two wars in the twentieth century?Why has Afghanistan been contested and invaded so many times?Who controls the world's oil supply?NicaraguaHow much of the Earth is covered by water?How much energy does one bolt of lightning contain?Whose body was preserved and then hand-carried for nine months to the coast of Africa?MIDDLE EASTHow did the Nazis use geopolitics?Which country has a flag of only a single color and no design or emblem?What are the deepest points in the oceans?What is an archipelago?Czech RepublicWhere was the most snowfall ever recorded?Where is the biggest desalination plant in the United States?LuxembourgHow can I remember which way latitude and longitude run?How many islands make up the Philippines?Which celestial bodies are the days of the week named after?How did Cuba become a Communist country?What is the significance of the San Andreas fault?How much of Mexico's population lives in Mexico City?NORTH AND CENTRAL AMERICAHow can I find the exact time?Of all the humans who have ever lived, what proportion of them are alive today?When did the twenty-first century begin?What is a Mediterranean climate?What is a city?Where does it rain the least?How many islands does Hawaii include?How did Australia get its name?What was the United Arab Republic?What did the average European know about the world in the Middle Ages?What is the Chunnel?FinlandSlovakiaHow many volcanoes does Iceland have?Which river carries the most water?Where is the Barbary Coast?What transition took place within Hong Kong in 1997?Where are Sierra Madre Occidental and Sierra Madre Oriental?What is a topographic map?Which country has the highest GDP?What are the largest cities in the Middle East?How many official languages are there in South Africa?What is the smallest country in Southeast Asia?Who is Osama bin Laden?Who was Lech Walesa?What is the largest city in Siberia?What language is spoken in the Maldives?Why isn't Tibet on the map?What is Randstad?How big is Russia's Lake Baikal?What do the Sandwich Islands and Hawaiian Islands have in common?What was the first airplane flown?What are the Apennines?BelarusAre kangaroos native to Australia?What are ocean currents?How many Great Lakes are there?What started the fighting in Chechnya?CANADA Are mega-urban area populations growing?Which countries are members of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)?What is Polynesia?What is the Richter scale?BeninHow big was the Mongol Empire?How long did it take for the world population to double in size?What is the world's longest freshwater lake?When did Canada have a transcontinental railway?What is permafrost?What is a hazard?PalauWhich country is the top exporter of goods and services?Where are the Highlands?Where is Catalonia?What is Micronesia?Is Transylvania a country?DenmarkCubaWhat is a water clock?ANTARCTICA What do the Cumberland Road and Cumberland Gap have to do with each other?Why does Bangladesh flood so often?How many provinces are in Canada?What is a wadi?Why are the Missouri-Mississippi Rivers lumped together?What is a floodplain?What country in Africa has the world's highest minimum elevation?What countries have the most Internet usage?IsraelCULTURES AROUND THE WORLD How much rice does China produce?ASTEROIDS AND NEAR EARTH OBJECTS How did the Ukraine help feed the Soviet Union?Which Middle Eastern country has the most tourism?What South American city has more Japanese residents than any city outside of Japan?Does air pressure change with elevation?What is the most populated urban area in the world?AFRICACan you ski in New Zealand?What is the effect of global warming and climate change on Earth?What is the Middle East in the middle of?What was Pangea?Where is the world's largest marsh?What is a nautical mile?What are the British Isles?Who's fighting over the Falkland Islands?What percentage of American households regularly give to charitable organizations?HondurasWho was Simon Bolivar?What is South Korea's national slogan?When was the first watch made?CONTROLLING WATERWhich non-island nations have the fewest neighbors?How do you drive to the island country of Bahrain?Where can I buy maps?What is the longest bridge in the world?AustraliaHow long have Communists been in power in China?Of all countries in Africa, which countries were never colonized?Who was Che Guevara?WINDWhich country has the most Azeri-speaking people?Was San Francisco destroyed by earthquake or by fire in 1906?What is the difference between a highway and a freeway?Where is tornado alley?How should we prepare for disaster?What was the Nazis' plan for Madagascar?Cote d'lvoireWhat is a tree line?What does the suffix "stan" mean?How much of the ozone layer is being depleted?BangladeshWhat causes erosion?What is the tallest skyscraper in the world?Why don't Americans eat horse meat?SerbiaCambodiaBruneiTunisiaUnited StatesWhat's the difference between England, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom?How many people live on the planet?EgyptHow did the League of Nations fail?How prevalent is AIDS in Africa?What catastrophe happened in North Korea in 1995?Is the ozone layer being depleted?NEW ZEALANDCameroonWhere is the highest lake in the world?SpainIs Chicago really the "windy city?"When did Daylight Saving Time move from the end to the beginning of April in the United States?Who carved Mt. Rushmore?What are the five most populous U.S. states?When did Burma become Myanmar?CULTURAL GEOGRAPHYWhat is continental drift?Is the Great Wall of China the only man-made object that can be seen from space?What is the difference between a lingua franca and a pidgin?Why was the Erie Canal built?What are the fastest growing U.S. cities in terms of population growth from 2000 to 2006?Do all roads really lead to Rome?Who disguised himself as a Muslim to travel to Mecca?What are the Andes?NepâiWhat commodity makes the Persian Gulf so strategically important?What are the solstices?How has the West Bank caused conflict?What are latitude and longitude lines?What is the difference between relative and absolute location?When was the Gregorian calendar adopted in the United States?How many Irish left during the Great Starvation?How many times does lightning strike the Earth each year?What is the highest mountain on Earth?What is the DART array?AUSTRALIA Which 10 countries have the most people?AIR TRANSPORTATIONWhy do they speak French in Québec?Why is color important on a relief map?Why did early humans have no need for hours, days, weeks, or months?Which religions began in the Middle East?COLONIES AND EXPANSIONISM What did James Cook not discover?Is Australia the smallest continent?Will another large asteroid strike the Earth?Where does the Tour de France begin and end?How many Muslims make a pilgrimage to Mecca each year?What is the axis of the Earth?THE SEASONS What was the French Community?What is the National Geographic Society?When did Phoenician explorers begin discovering and colonizing Europe?What is the Giro d'Italia?CLIMATEIs there any permanent ice in Africa?Where is Dum Dum airport?What were Lewis and Clark looking for?PHYSICAL FEATURES AND RESOURCESIs childbirth still a significant cause of death for women?Has the Mediterranean Sea always been there?What are ice core samples and why are they important?How many Potentially Hazardous Asteroids is NASA tracking that could impact the Earth in the twenty-first century?AfghanistanTHE UNITED NATIONS Who owns Antarctica?Where was the Pale of Settlement?What are interstate highways?Where in Egypt do most Egyptians live?WESTERN EUROPEWhat are satellites photographing?What is the greenhouse effect?What is the St. Lawrence Seaway?Dominican RepublicWhat is the highest railroad in the world?United Arab EmiratesWhat is Truce Village?What is a fault?PortugalBarbadosWhat time is it at the North and South Poles?What nationalities were the 9/11 terrorists?AndorraWhat is the oldest European settlement in eastern Asia?How many African countries were colonized by Italy?Where is the longest fjord?FijiWhich countries restrict Internet access to what is deemed unfavorable content by their governments?What was the Rainbow Warrior?When were time zones established in the United States?How important is China to the biodiversity in the world?Where is the farthest point from land?PanamaWhat was apartheid?PEOPLE, COUNTRIES, AND CITIES Is Mt. Everest growing taller?How can I find the latitude and longitude of a particular place?How many layers are in the atmosphere?What are volcanoes?How did the bikini get its name?EthiopiaWhy is Christopher Columbus credited with discovering the New World?Why is there a tiny piece of Russia in the middle of Eastern Europe?MaldivesEcuadorEUROPE AND ASIA How valuable is a college education in the United States?Where is the northernmost rain forest?PakistanWhat is a dhoni?How does land turn into desert?What is Zoroastrianism?HISTORY What is Africa's largest lake?SwedenWhat is the busiest airport in the world?What are the world's newest countries?How thick is Greenland's ice sheet?Which country was the world's first welfare state?Costa RicaPEOPLE, COUNTRIES, AND CITIESWhy does Greenland appear larger on most maps than it actually is?How is gerrymandering like a salamander?In which direction does the west wind blow?How many people have been killed during the U.S. war with Iraq?How fast do hurricane winds blow?Which state borders the most others?How is a capital different from a capitol?LebanonAcknowledgmentsVietnamTuvaluWhich country produces the most gold?Why do some cultures kill infants?What is the difference between a State and a state?How many time zones does the United States have?TRANSPORTATION AND URBAN GEOGRAPHYWhere does wind come from?What was the world's first skyscraper?Does the Earth always rotate and revolve around the sun at the same speed?How have satellites changed map making?How was Pompeii destroyed?Where is the land of the rising sun?What is the difference between a country and a nation?What is the highest point in the world?How do maquiladoras help clothe the United States?OCEANS AND SEAS What is Benelux?What is a boomerang?How can a legend help me read a map?ZimbabweWhat is the Fujita scale of tornado intensity?Which is farther east, Santiago, Chile, or Miami, Florida?How many islands make up the Maldives?Where is the third world?Where is the equator?What is the difference between GNP and GDP?Where is the Maghreb?Where is the highest life expectancy on Earth?What are the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn?What is acid rain?What major American city loses more people than any other?What is the largest building in the world, in terms of usable space?What waterfall has the largest flow of water?Who owns Easter Island?What is a tropical rain forest?How far did the Islamic Empire spread?What is the Pan-American Highway?What are ice ages?What is a compass rose?Which states are split into multiple time zones?What is the leading cause of death in the United States?What is the origin of the word "monsoon"?Why do some countries choose not to join the United Nations?How are different types of climates classified?ChileWhich state has the highest divorce rate?What is the largest freshwater lake in the world?Where was the first self-service gas station?SOUTHEAST ASIAHow do forest fires help forests?What is an oxbow lake?North KoreaHow was Taiwan created?Where does it rain the most?URBAN STRUCTURES ROADS AND RAILWAYS THE PHILIPPINES AND INDONESIA NATO AND THE COLD WARHow does the United Nations preserve peace?Is a magnitude 10 the top of the Richter scale?What is the difference between a bay and a gulf?What is the least-densely populated country in the world?DEFINITIONS Did people bathe in Bath?What is Melanesia?What fish, once thought to be extinct, suddenly appeared near Comoros?How many educational institutions are there in the United States?What playwright and author became president of an Eastern European country?KEEPING TIMEWhat is nuclear winter?Who are the Bedouin?What is China's one-child rule?What are the seven hills of Rome?What revolution attempted to stop world hunger?How much land disappears when the sea level rises?What did Marco Polo note in his journals about the Chinese fleet, when he arrived in the thirteenth century?How does the boiling point of water help determine altitude?How long is a day?What is a watershed?Which country has the longest coast line?Where are the active volcanoes in the United States?How many times have North and South Korea met to negotiate a solution to the division of Korea in Panmunjom?Where did Gauguin live?Can you ski in the Middle East?DEALING WITH HAZARDS CALENDARS Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesWhich river carries more water than any other in the world?What is continentality?How many desalination plants are there?Central African RepublicWhat is the oldest continually occupied city in the United States?RELIGION How did the Berlin Conference of 1884 help expedite the colonization of Africa?What is the AAG?How many countries does the United States recognize?DjiboutiWhich Middle Eastern country has the highest percentage of urban population?How many capital cities does South Africa have?YemenIs there enough food to feed the world?Where does the Loch Ness Monster live?DominicaWhat is the problem with a calendar based on the cycles of the moon?What was the U.S.S.R.?What are the different kinds of clouds?What happened at Three Mile Island?NATURAL RESOURCES What is a drainage basin?The NetherlandsWhat is a desert?What are dust devils?Why did Macedonia's name cause problems between that country and Greece?What is the world's most commonly spoken language?Why is a book of maps called an atlas?QatarIs it possible to drive across Russia?What are the four climatic regions of the Andes?What is the Gregorian calendar?How did Israel become a country?WEATHER South AfricaWhat type of rocks are formed by lava?Are lines of longitude and latitude all the same length?What are some world weather records?How many automobiles are there in the United States?How many counties are in the United States?Which countries have the fewest neighbors?What does a canal lock do?KazakhstanTaiwanPolandCan a woman have multiple husbands?How high is tree line?SOUTH AMERICAWhat is the most popular national park in the United States?PEOPLE AND COUNTRIESBelgiumWhat city is named for a game show?Which explorer was named the Grand Imperial Eunuch by the Emperor of China?How long is Chile?What is the highest navigable lake in the world?What is the center of North America?Do Caucasians come from the Caucasus Mountains?How much rain does it take to make a flood?What is a 100-year flood?What statue overlooks Rio de Janeiro?What was East Timor?Which comes first, latitude or longitude?What are recycled rocks?NamibiaHow many oceans are there?What is a perpetual resource?Why would countries want colonies?LithuaniaMyanmarWhat was Zimbabwe's previous name?How many people are abducted and sold into slavery each year?The PhilippinesWhat is a UNESCO World Heritage Site?How much does an employee of a maquiladora earn?What are the Arctic and Antarctic Circles?POLITICAL GEOGRAPHY What part of a hurricane is most damaging?Why is every map distorted?What were the seven wonders of the ancient world?What is the longest river in the United States?What are basins and ranges?What is inside the Earth?Which country spends the most money on the military?TORNADOESIs Greenland really green?GabonWhich Russian city is among the most expensive in the world?Which country had the world's first legislature?What was Mesopotamia?LaosTIME, CALENDARS, AND SEASONSWhat is the difference between a physical and a political map?How did America get its name?What is the Arirang Festival?How much pressure does the atmosphere exert upon us?What is a Near Earth Object (NEO)?MadagascarWhere is the Kalahari Desert?MozambiqueOTHER HAZARDS AND DISASTERS How wide is a degree of latitude?AFRICAWho were the earliest explorers from Asia?Does India have a population control program similar to China's?Where is the farthest point from an ocean?What is the highest lake in North America?When were the first roads built?What is the largest city in the Amazon River basin?Why are graves above the ground in Louisiana?What are the most heavily urbanized countries in South America?Do all countries have states?Who lives in the City of the Dead?What is a bullet train?Where is the rustbelt?RomaniaFranceSwitzerlandWhat are the Alps?What is a census?How did the Himalayas form?Where did some of the first cities of the world begin?Where is the world's tallest waterfall?Can you stand an egg on end only on the spring equinox?Bosnia and HerzegovinaWas Cuba ever a part of the United States?What is the world's busiest seaport?Which countries colonized Africa?What is the tallest dam in the world?What is the best shape for a country?How much has the magnetic north pole moved?How did trains help establish time zones?MongoliaThe GambiaWhat is the continental divide?MoldovaWho rules Andorra?Why was there a Russian outpost in California?Papua New GuineaHow many taxi cab drivers are there in the United States?If I keep walking in a straight line, will the Coriolis effect cause me to veer?THE STATES Where does cocaine come from?Why did the United States invade Iraq?What percentage of Americans have used cocaine?What is an urban area?How are waves created?What do b.c.e. and c.e. stand for?What is an aquifer?Why is Cyprus divided?When was the first permanent British settlement established in the United States?What is the difference between a watch and a warning?How did the Monroe Doctrine protect the Americas?Which countries give the highest proportion of their GNP in the form of aid to other countries?Where are hot springs used by people around the world?OmanWhat is a moor?How many states are in Mexico?LesothoTHE WORLD ECONOMY THE WORLD TODAY How was the New World divided between Spain and Portugal?What was the intent of Magellan's Expedition?Who decides where houses can be built?What is the highest waterfall in the world?EritreaHow long does it take to travel by train across Russia?How did North and South Korea come to be?How many refugees are there?What do b.c. and a.d. stand for?How many Native American reservations are there in the United States?How does water wash away the land?CONTINENTS AND ISLANDS MauritiusWhat were the Crusades?What was the industrial revolution?MicronesiaWhat is a coral reef?Which state has the longest coastline?What are the largest and smallest counties in the United States?What country is crossed by both the equator and a Tropic?BotswanaWhat are some of the most expensive cities in the world?How does Old Faithful shoot water into the air?What percentage of Americans volunteer each year?How much market share does Russia's national airline, Aeroflot, have?Where can you see the Great Wall?Burkina FasoHow do airplanes create clouds?RUSSIA AND EASTERN EUROPEWhere is the sunbelt?Sâo Tomé and PrincipeWho was the first European to see the Pacific Ocean from its eastern shore?Who discovered the source of the Nile River?How many provinces are there in South Africa?What is Devil's Island?What was the first tunnel through the Alps?Who are the Sunni and Shi'ite Muslims?NauruWhy are the Blue Nile and White Nile Rivers both called Niles?What is a sundial?Does Yugoslavia still exist?What is the longest building in the world?How large is Brazil?What is the world's second-longest barrier reef?What should I do in the event of an earthquake?What are the largest seas?How many people died as a result of the subsequent failure of the levees and flooding after Hurricane Katrina struck?What is the ozone layer?San MarinoWhy do mosques have domes?NigerSaudi ArabiaHow wide is the Strait of Gibraltar?What are incidence maps?Why were 10 days lost from the year in 1582?CENTRAL AMERICAWhich country has the lowest maximum elevation in the world?What are the most polluted cities in the world in terms of air quality?Why is the Mediterranean Sea so salty?What top five countries will have the largest populations in 2050?What is the oldest known map drawn to scale?What is The Hague?Measured by area, what is the largest city in the United States?What world weather records does the United States hold?RIVERS AND LAKES SeychellesHow many volcanoes are in Europe?LANGUAGE AND RELIGION What are the equinoxes?What is the world's largest tropical rain forest?What is the Strait of Magellan?Where was the world's first monument to an insect established?What were the results of the 2006 National Geographic-Roper Public Affairs Geographic Literacy Study?Where did Charles Darwin develop his theory of natural selection?What is an atoll?What is the Three Gorges Dam?How many African countries were independent in 1950?ItalyBurundiWhat are the Balkan States?How does military time work?Is Singapore a city or a country?Antigua and BarbudaHow many people lived on the islands of Seychelles before 1770?Vatican CityJordanWhen were the first clocks made?Where was East Pakistan?TurkeyTHE LAND AND HISTORY How did the ancient Romans get water to their cities?What is the highest settlement in the United States?Why can I hear an AM radio station from hundreds of miles away at night but not during the day?Why are we losing ground water?IndonesiaWhere on the planet is it light 24 hours a day in the summer?What is the Atacama desert?How were animals first domesticated?Which South American countries are members of OPEC?JamaicaIs global warming melting the North Pole?How large a part of the Soviet Union was Russia?What role did Russia play in World War II?What is a hemisphere?How big is Russia?When did the Chinese Empire begin naval exploration?How many miles of paved road are there in the United States?VanuatuDid an asteroid kill the dinosaurs?What is the Coriolis effect?CLIMATIC TRENDS What did the domino effect have to do with United States involvement in the Vietnam War?What is the mid-Atlantic ridge?FLOODS What was Levittown?Is there a high risk of earthquakes in the Midwestern United States?NigeriaEstoniaTHE NEW WORLDWhat is a central business district?EARTHQUAKESWhat is the most populous country in the world?KosovoWhat were Marco Polo's contributions to exploration?What is air pollution?Why is it very wet on one side of a mountain range?Aside from the Louisiana Purchase, how was the American West obtained?SyriaWhere are the highest rivers in the world?Where has one-third of the population of Suriname emigrated to since 1975?What is the only Catholic country in Asia?What did the phrase "fifty-four forty or fight" mean?JAPAN AND THE KOREAN PENINSULAWho owns all of those islands in the Pacific Ocean?UkraineVOLCANOES What is Aotearoa?SamoaWhat are the horse latitudes?NorwayHow many places on Earth have evidence of asteroid impacts?How do the Netherlands keep getting bigger?What is geographic illiteracy?Who was Prester John?What is the world's largest lake?How does geography influence politics?Is Puerto Rico a state?Democratic Republic of the CongoHow fast do you have to travel west to arrive earlier than when you left?SingaporeGuatemalaWhat city is known as the Earthquake City?Where was the first shopping mall in the United States?How many people are projected to live on the planet in 2040?What is the primary religion throughout Latin America?ThailandWhich continent has the highest average elevation?Which country lies completely within South Africa?What is the tallest self-supporting structure in the world?What is the largest office building in the world?Where is the Jutland Peninsula?How thick is Antarctica's ice?Where did the mutineers of the Bounty land?What did the Mason-Dixon line originally divide?IrelandChinaWhat is a strait?How many people visit the Caribbean each year?How do cartographers shape our world?How many people are killed in the United States by lightning?DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME What were Thomas Malthus' ideas on population growth?Was Australia really used as a penal colony?What is an atomic clock?How big is Siberia?How did the Black Plague affect the world's population?What is Land's End?What does the scale of a map tell me?How fast did the Mayflower sail?How many countries end in the suffix "stan"?What is the actual name of Bogotá?DEFINING THE WORLDWhat is the world's highest capital city?What are some of the oldest, continuously inhabited cities in the world and when were they established?ParaguayWhat is in the Taj Mahal?What are the largest cities of Europe?What monetary unit is used in Panama?What is Oceania?Who is an ayatollah?Why are there so many starving people in Ethiopia?Is the Middle East a desert?Why was the Vietnam War fought, and what were some of the consequences?What is the North Magnetic Pole?What did Genghis Khan conquer?LIGHTNINGDo oases really exist?Who was the first person to reach the North Pole?What is the longest river in the world?Why does a first-born son get everything?How did the United States obtain the Virgin Islands?What are some of the largest South Korean companies?How early were the islands of the Pacific explored?How can GPS keep me from getting lost?Who was Haile Selassie?Who owns Walvis Bay?Who are the Aborigines?How fast does the Earth spin?THE ATMOSPHERE IranHIGH, LOW, BIG, SMALL, AND WONDROUSWhy is Cabinda separate from Angola?How old is the Earth?What are the two cultural groups that make up Belgium?Which religions are practiced by the most people?TSUNAMISWho provides food to North Korea today?What is the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center?What other countries have border disputes?Do things really disappear in the Bermuda Triangle?Which country is composed of seven sheikdoms?THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENTWhere is the Middle East today?When did the Iraq War begin?Where is the French Riviera?Where is the Horn of Africa?Trinidad and TobagoWhat is the highest point in the United States?Where is the Putrid Sea?PRECIPITATION What is Ulan Bator?Who was Captain Kidd?Why is it more likely to rain in a city during the week than on the weekend?What percentage of the world's poor live in South America?GLACIERS AND FJORDS How many people speak Arabic in the world?Why is Russia always one hour ahead?What do dams do?What is Southeast Asia's largest oil-producing country?Who settled Denmark?Which state has the most lakes?How much is the sea level rising?Why did the Soviet Union invade Afghanistan in 1979?Where do the illegal immigrants come from?TanzaniaHow do sand dunes move?TurkmenistanGeorgiaColombiaWhat have been some of the most destructive floods in history?What are hot springs?When did people start eating with forks and spoons?What is the jet stream?Where does Los Angeles get its water?Saint Kitts and NevisAre there still glaciers in the United States?AlbaniaHow geologically active is Japan?How many Native Americans were killed during the period of European colonization in the Americas?How can I learn more about disasters in my town?Where is Iwo Jima?Which African country is the world's leading producer of cocoa beans?What is the most dangerous state to live in due to tornadoes?Where is the largest coral reef in the world?From where does the word "fjord" originate?What is the world's largest Islamic nation?How many indigenous people live in the Arctic?What was the first major city in the Western Hemisphere?What is the only state with a diamond mine?What was the Maginot Line?What is Bollywood?Where are Egypt's pyramids?What is the leading cause of disaster-related death in the United States?What are the capitals of Bolivia?What was the Berlin Wall?Where was the first commercial air flight?South KoreaWhat do a.m. and p.m. mean?How can maps be used to start wars?Who are the Kurds?What other countries have disputes over lines drawn on maps?What is Caprivi's Finger?Does radiation from a nuclear plant stop at the 10-mile (16 kilometer) zone?What are the highest points on each continent?Who was Vancouver, Canada, named after?What is the difference between snow and hail?Where are the Arctic and Antarctic Circles?What port does landlocked Bolivia use?PHYSICAL FEATURES AND RESOURCES How did Julius Caesar fix the calendar?What was Babylonia?What does an earthquake feel like?How does South Korea rank in the world economy?What are the largest metropolitan areas in the United States?Where is Brunei?When was January 1 chosen as the beginning of the year?How many people in the world are classified as urban dwellers?Where is the world's second-highest mountain?Where is Camelot?How did the United States reach its present form?What time is it at 12:00 a.m.?What is a rain forest?Where is all the water?HISTORY How can GIS help my town?RwandaWho was the first person to reach the South Pole?What was the Oregon Trail?JapanWhat are the five least populous U.S. states?Which country first granted women the right to vote?What are the seven natural wonders of the world?What part of Southeast Asia is one of the most contested geographic regions in the world?LANDSCAPES AND ECOSYSTEMS Where is Ouagadougou?CroatiaDid glaciers create the Great Lakes?Does the Earth spin at a constant rate?How many tourists visit Russia each year?MaltaSaint LuciaWhere is the world's largest mountain?Why does Hawaii have interstate highways?When was the first flight achieved?What is the NCGE?Why is Greenland considered an island while Australia is a continent?What is Mardi Gras?Which South American country was the first to gain independence from colonial rule?Where is the world's largest church?GREENLAND AND THE NORTH POLE REGIONIs the Tasmanian devil a real animal?Who is the biggest exporter of rice in the world?What is the world's largest island?Where is Indochina?Who would purposely create false maps?How does medical geography help control the spread of diseases?Who was Kublai Khan?How many African countries are landlocked?LiechtensteinWhen was the last interstate highway built?Where are the Windward Islands?How many time zones does China have?THE POLESWho are the Maori?What is the holiest site in Mecca?What is brain drain?New ZealandWhich country is the world's leading bauxite producer?Who invented the traffic signal?What is global warming?How many active volcanoes are there in the world?Why is the sky blue?How many states have four-letter names?What is the largest shopping mall in terms of gross leasable area?What are the largest Canadian urban areas?What is the difference between magma and lava?Has NAFTA helped trade between Canada, Mexico, and the United States?What is an azimuth?What is the difference between climate and weather?Who was John Wesley Powell?How many Native American tribes are there in the United States?How many illegal immigrants are there in the United States?IcelandWhat are the five largest states?What is the lowest point on dry land?Why was computing longitude so difficult?MalaysiaHow many McDonald's restaurants are there in the world?What is a tsunami?Who was the first European to reach North America?Where did Bombay go?Which is further west—Los Angeles, California, or Reno, Nevada?What cities have the most crime in the United States?Cape VerdeHow dry is Antarctica?Why was Eisenhower a fan of interstate highways?How does a sextant help navigators?What is Russia's official name?How do CFCs destroy ozone?When and where was the last great impact on the Earth from a Near Earth Object?PHYSICAL FEATURES AND RESOURCES Was the flooding of the Nile predictable before dams were built?What is the oldest public park in the United States?What is the best way to help after a disaster?What is the European Union?How many cities are in the United States?What is the largest landlocked country in the world?READING AND USING MAPS What is a long lot?MEXICO How fast is the Russian economy expanding?What is the National Geographic-Roper Public Affairs Geographic Literacy Study?How many states have land north of Canada's southernmost point?What is MERCOSUR?What was Pangea?How much did the population of New Orleans decline after Hurricane Katrina struck?UzbekistanHow was Mt. Kilimanjaro formed?What was the Klondike Gold Rush?Where are the low countries?What is the name of the currency of Botswana?How many republics or states comprised the former Soviet Union?Is the Gregorian calendar accurate?How is hail formed?What is the circumference of the Earth?What caused the Bhopal disaster?What is a fossil?Who is Nelson Mandela?Why is there often a cross next to the east direction on maps?Does lightning ever strike twice in the same place?What are the northernmost, southernmost, easternmost, and westernmost cities in the United States?Who else controls the price of gas besides oil producers?How is rainfall measured?What is a subcontinent?How do farmers water their crops?THE WEST INDIES How many tectonic plates are there?What was the baby boom?What was the first city to have more than one million people?How many countries are members of the United Nations?Have compasses always pointed north?LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE Which country has more languages than any other in the world?CanadaWhat is the Bight of Bonny?How big was the largest hailstone?OCEANIAWhat were the earliest maps?What time is it in Antarctica?Where does the name Saudi Arabia come from?OZONEWhat was the world's worst nuclear disaster?How many people live in Moscow?Does the Coriolis effect make the water in my toilet, sink, and bathtub swirl clockwise?How, why, and how much does Magnetic North move?Why was the Prime Meridian established at Greenwich?Why don't FM radio waves travel very far?How long did Japan occupy and colonize Korea?SwazilandWhere is Gaul?Is the permafrost thawing?What is the official neckwear of Arizona?How salty is sea water?How many foreign students attend universities and colleges in the United States?Is Equatorial Guinea on the equator?How does Japan get its oil?Are there tornadoes in Europe?What is the Commonwealth of Independent States?What is a turnpike?Why is it hotter in the city than in the countryside?TIME ZONES What is the oldest map using the word America?What is a tributary?What was the Byzantine Empire?HISTORY AND INSTRUMENTS Why do people travel to Mecca?What is El Niño?Why is the growth rate declining?Who was Muhammed?How did the Inca civilization experiment with climate?WATER AND ICEHow old is the oldest known map?Which volcano poses the most risk to people in Europe?When did Brazil move its capital city?Are there more people or sheep in New Zealand?What is an epicenter?What are the Baltic States?What is the world's shortest river?What is Hadrian's Wall?Which religions came to be practiced first?Where do most legal immigrants to the United States come from?What was Seward's Folly?Which country is the world's leading copper producer?Which countries are not members of the United Nations?HAZARDS AND DISASTERSHow much water is in snow?MonacoMAPSWhat is the Mercalli scale?Which states are earthquake-free?What is a good way to learn where places are?RUSSIA AND THE FORMER SOVIET STATESWhy don't we feel the Earth moving?Sri LankaTimor-LestePeruWhat does the word "geography" mean?What is subduction?What is the capital of Australia?THE INDIAN SUBCONTINENT What is the most popular theme park in the United States?Where is the center of the contiguous United States?What countries are threatened the most from rising sea levels, and may cease to exist in the twenty-first century?SenegalCOUNTRIES OF THE WORLDHow do people cope with continual light or darkness in high latitudes?What is the difference between Central and Latin America?What is the Royal Flying Doctor Service?GuyanaWhich is larger, clay or sand?What is a fjord?Is the Black Sea really black?What percentage of people live in the mega cities of the world?Why do we have Daylight Saving Time?BrazilHow old are glaciers?AlgeriaWhat is a delta?MontenegroWhat is the deepest lake in North America?What are some of the world's most active volcanoes, in terms of numbers of years of eruptions?United KingdomWhat is a glacier?DEFINITIONS AND HISTORY SEA TRANSPORT What is the largest island in the United States?What type of rocks are formed from particles?Should we use candles after a disaster or power outage?Did everyone during Christopher Columbus's time think that the world was flat?What is a Gypsy?Which South American territory has yet to gain its independence?How does the hydrologic cycle work?SudanWhat is pinyin?Where is Asia Minor?If the Earth is so large, why did Columbus think that India was close enough to reach by sailing west from Europe?How does the tilt of the Earth affect the seasons?UruguaySolomon IslandsPEOPLE, COUNTRIES, AND CITIES Which member of the United Nations could not serve on the Security Council?What are the principal industries in the Maldives?What are monsoons?What was the highest temperature ever recorded?How many Internet users are there in the United States?What is Bandar Seri Begawan?Are all fjords found in Norway?When was the first automobile built?ComorosWhat should I do when a tornado approaches?What are the most commonly spoken languages of the world?What causes earthquakes?Why isn't Taiwan recognized by the U.S. government?What two cities make up Budapest?AzerbaijanTHE EARTH'S MATERIALS AND INTERNAL PROCESSESIf I dug through the Earth, would I end up in China?Where does Europe end and Asia begin?HISTORYWhat is the most common street name in the United States?What is the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic?AngolaWhere is the longest Main Street in the United States?Where is the Yucatan?What are tornadoes?Did Hitler create the Autobahn?How does the population of Tokyo change each day?Is Scotland a country?Why does Romania have so many orphans?MalawiWhat was the last Central American country to obtain its independence?What is the longest river in Europe?Why is it important to have an out-of-state contact in case of a disaster?What are the five smallest states?IraqIs global warming causing the world's glaciers to melt?OCEANIA AND ANTARCTICAEquatorial GuineaMauritaniaHow do most people travel across Russia?GrenadaCHINA AND MIDDLE ASIA Which countries are surrounded entirely by landlocked countries?How are hurricanes ranked?What two countries emerged from Czechoslovakia?Were the Romans the only civilization to develop water resources in an advanced way?Who was one of the great African American explorers?Which river touches more countries than any other?ArmeniaIs the Empty Quarter empty?VenezuelaWas the 2005 New Orleans disaster caused by a flood or a hurricane?What is the world's southernmost city?What is geologic time?What is a willy-willy?
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