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Home arrow Economics arrow Children and Forced Migration: Durable Solutions During Transient Years

Empirical Models

Taking into consideration the structure of the outcomes of interest, the analysis relies on two distinct models to estimate the effect of displacement. On the one hand, a multinomial logit model is employed; it considers the outcomes of school attendance and food security, as each is a categorical variable with various response possibilities. This can be formally expressed as:

where y represents category j for either school attendance or food security of household, i, xi indicates the vector of household-level covariates influencing school attendance or food security, and fij represents the vector of choice-specific coefficients.

On the other hand, because the outcome dietary diversity is of both a discrete and a continuous nature because of the fact that nearly half of households in the sample reported unable to eat meat during the previous week, a zero-censored tobit model is used and expressed by the following equation:


Y = max (0, Y) , and u ~ N(0, a1).

Here IDP, is a dummy variable taking the value of one if the household is internally displaced, X again represents household-level covariates, and U is the error term. In principle, the zero-censored tobit model takes into account the linearity of the latent variable for those observations not equal to zero, while also assuming normality and homoscedasticity of the residuals.

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