Home Computer Science Robotic Assistive Technologies: Principles and Practice
But, such ethical tensions are not meant to scare or shy practitioners away from considering the use and application of robots in their rehabilitation practice. Instead, we argue that the entirety of this chapter is meant to promote continued critical reflection on the implications of the use of robots given the evidence-based benefits that are thoroughly outlined in each chapter of this book.
The following sections describe the ethical implications of using robots in several settings of rehabilitation practice; the attempt is to illustrate the unique considerations that pertain to each. Although the following list is not exclusive, it is meant to frame the discussions and reflections around the most salient settings of rehabilitation robotics practice.
As is described in previous chapters, advances in assistive robotics that have the potential for assisting persons with disabilities are commonly divided into two broad categories: physically assistive robots (PARs) or Socially Assistive Robots (SARs). PARs are designed to provide assistance with manipulation of objects or mobility of the person. Feil-Seifer and MatariC (2005) defined SARs as robotic devices whose goal is “to create close and effective interaction with a human user for the purpose of giving assistance and achieving measurable progress in convalescence, rehabilitation, and rehabilitation, and learning” (Feil-Seifer and Mataric 2005, 465).
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