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100 Questions and Answers About How to Quit Smoking

DEDICATIONONE. The BasicsWhat is tobacco?Why do people use tobacco?What is the history of tobacco use?What are the different ways in which tobacco is consumed?PipesCigarettesCigarsSnuffChewing TobaccoBidisHookahsIs tobacco a drug?What are tar and nicotine?TarNicotineHow do chemicals such as nicotine work in the brain?Where does nicotine act on the nervous system?Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)Somatic Nervous SystemAutonomic Nervous systemAcetylcholine Receptor SubtypesWhat are the physiological effects of nicotine?What are the psychological effects of nicotine?How dangerous is nicotine?What are some of the important chemicals making up tar? How do these chemicals affect the brain and the body?What are the chemicals in tar that are carcinogenic, and how do they cause cancer?How does smoking alter DNA?What is meant by a "safe" cigarette?What is meant by "tobacco is a gateway drug"?What effects does the Internet have on the tobacco industry and cigarette sales and on teen smoking?What is the legal age to smoke?What is the mission of the FDA, especially in regard to tobacco ?What are the laws regulating tobacco?What are the Surgeon General's Reports?How have the Surgeon General's Reports affected the smoking habits of Americans?What was the effect of the lobbying efforts of the flight attendants union on the rules about smoking on airlines?TWO. DiagnosisWhat is addiction ?Why has there been so much controversy regarding cigarette smoking as being addictive?Why did it take so long to determine that smoking was addictive?How can smoking be an addiction but at the same time be different from drugs we normally associate with addiction?How do I know if I am addicted to nicotine?What is "the vicious cycle of addiction to tobacco and nicotine"?Are there different "types" of smokers, for example casual smokers versus chain smokers? Are there personality or physiological differences between types of smokers?Psychological TraitsBiological DifferencesWhat screening tools are used to diagnose addictive smokers?What are the physiological changes taking place during withdrawal?How long does it take to become addicted to tobacco?THREE. Risk, Prevention, and EpidemiologyRISKIf I am addicted to tobacco, will I be predisposed to other addictions?What risk factors contribute to people smoking?What are the risks of secondhand or environmental smoke?Does my risk for a specific illness related to smoking change after I quit smoking?What are my chances of recovery from smoking-related diseases such as cardiac disease, lung cancer, chronic pulmonary disease (including emphysema), and stroke?If I don't inhale will I have less of a chance of getting a disease, such as lung cancer?PREVENTIONWhat is the "Great American Smoke Out"?What anti-tobacco education is being done in the schools? How effective are programs such as DARE?Results Regarding the Effectiveness of These Programs ConflictWhat are the other prevention programs for children?The No Tobacco Use Program (TNT Program)The American Stop Smoking Intervention (ASSIST)ASPIREThe Youth Tobacco Prevention Policies and Programs in Schools and Communities, developed by The Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS)How old should my child be before I talk to him or her about smoking?How do I talk to my child about smoking?How do I know if my child will become a smoker?Should I enroll my child in a prevention program?My spouse is a heavy smoker who refuses to get help to quit. What should I do?EPIDEMIOLOGYWhat is Healthy People 2010? Is smoking cessation included in its national goals?What are the rights of smokers and nonsmokers?Smoker's RightsNonsmoker's RightsWhat are the current trends in quitting smoking?What is the prevalence of tobacco use?What are the mortality rates from smoking in the United States? Worldwide?FOUR. TreatmentHow successful will I be at quitting smoking?What is the current trend in smoking cessation treatment?Ten Key Guideline RecommendationsThe Five A's Model for Treating Tobacco Use and DependenceWhat are the qualifications of professionals who run smoking cessation groups?What is my healthcare professional's role in my smoking cessation?How much does a smoking cessation program cost?Does insurance pay for any of the smoking cessation programs or products?What are the benefits of enrolling in a smoking cessation program, and what is the average length of stay of a smoking cessation program?How successful are people who quit on their own?Can smoking cessation be done "one-on- one" with a counselor or health educator, or must it be in a group?What are some of the medication aids, notably the nicotine replacement therapies (NRTs), to smoking cessation ?Nicotine GumThe Nicotine PatchNicotine Nasal SprayNicotine InhalerNicotine LozengeWhat are the recommendations for when you should take medication in order to quit smoking?What are the success rates of the five nicotine replacement therapies alone and in combination with other forms?Can I become addicted to any of the drugs used to assist a person to quit smoking?What is Bupropion SR?What is Chantix?What is the suicide risk associated with the anti-smoking drug Chantix?What other non-NRTmedication therapies are available, if any?What are the success rates of the non-NRT therapies?What is cognitive behavioral therapy and how is it helpful?Are there 12-stepprograms for cigarette smokers, like Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)?The Twelve Steps of Nicotine AnonymousThe Twelve TraditionsWhy is group therapy as important as anti-tobacco drug therapy ?Are there herbal remedies for smoking cessation?Herbal RemediesGinsengKavaLobeliaHow many times does a typical smoker quit throughout his or her life?What can I do to avoid "triggers"?What is the difference between a "slip" and a "relapse"?Is it ever too late to quit?What are the success rates of smokers who quit "cold turkey" and those who quit by participating in a smoking cessation program?FIVE. Associated ConditionsWhat are the medical consequences of tobacco use?Gender Differences in Diseases Found in SmokersMalesFemalesDifferences in Gender-Specific Health RisksMen and WomenCan you list all of the specific diseases associated with smoking?How does smoking affect the liver?Are there any health benefits to tobacco or nicotine?SIX. Special PopulationsWhat are the differences between men and women regarding rates of tobacco use, history of tobacco use, and their health risks?What are the differences in the rates of tobacco use among different ethnic groups?Native Americans and Alaskan NativesCultural and Spiritual FactorsNative American WomenNative American TeensThe ElderlyPrevention and Smoking Cessation ProgramsHispanicsAsian AmericansAfrican AmericansHow can smoking affect my baby during pregnancy?How does smoking affect breast milk?What are the differences in the smoking habits at different ages, from children to the elderly?What are the rates of smoking between socioeconomic groups and educational levels ?Are the mentally ill more at risk of addiction to nicotine?SEVEN. SurvivingI don't like gaining weight when I stop smoking. Why do I gain weight? What can I do about it?Are there any long-term psychological or emotional symptoms that I should expect long after I stop smoking?What can I do to ease any residual psychological or emotional pain short of taking medication?I have so many pleasant memories of smoking. How can I create unpleasant memories about it?What is the Master Settlement Agreement?What have been the results of the Master Settlement Agreement since the settlement occurred?Am I eligible for any legal compensation for a smoking-related illness since the MSA?Why do I need to gain support from family, friends, and others to succeed?In case I can't get in touch with my buddy or family members, is there a 24-hour hotline I can call?Where can I find more information?Glossary