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Number of funded centres and selectivity
Table 2.4 shows the number of research units funded by each REI for all cases for which data were given. The terms used for these units are indicated as specified in the questionnaire responses (centres, initiatives, focuses, etc.). The table also gives the numbers of applicants (in the first round of application, unless otherwise indicated elsewhere) and grants awarded in the most recent funding rounds. It also indicates the degree of selectivity or success rate (the share of projects funded compared to the number of applications).
Table 2.4. Number of centres funded by REIs and selection rates in most recent funding cycle
Notes: 1. In 2011, 41 centres were funded in Finland via a number of REI funding rounds. Table 2A.1.2 in Annex 2.A1 focuses on CoE 2008-13 only, and thus 18 centres funded through this particular REI round. 2. A “focus” is a research unit funded through LOEWE to become an externally funded centre in the medium term, whereas a “centre” gets more extensive funding for units that have already demonstrated their research strengths,
http.//verwaltung.hessen.de/iri/servlet/prt/portal/prtroot/slimp.CMReader/HMWK 15/HMWK Internet/med/5c8/5c870ac7- 6c65-1d31-f012-f312b417c0cf,22222222-2222-2222-2222-222222222222,true, accessed 20 March 2013.
Source: OECD/RIHR questionnaire to government ministries. Q8.1: Please provide further details on each individual research excellence initiative in your country by completing the following table; Q3.5: During the latest REI funding call. how many applications for research units/centres were received and what was the average success rate of proposals? No data: New Zealand CoRE.
The results show, not surprisingly, that REIs differ considerably with respect to the number of centres funded and degree of selectivity, or success rate. In two of Norway’s REIs (CoE and CRI) less than one in ten applications were successful. The most rigid selection according to the figures took place in Japan’s Global COE, where only 6% of applications received funding. However, earlier selection results23 shows the scheme had success rates of just over 20% in 2007-08, demonstrating that the above “snapshot” data are not necessarily representative of the schemes in their entirety. In general, however, the degree of selectivity should not be considered a measure of an REI’s quality standards. In the Networks of Scientific Excellence scheme in Germany-Saxony-Anhalt, six proposals were submitted in response to the most recent call, and all were accepted. The respondent explained this unusually high success rate as a result of very specific requirements for applications24 and a pre-selection of only six eligible host institutions.
In the Irish PRTLI, the numbers in Table 2.4 have to be interpreted slightly differently since the selection procedure differs from the standard process sketched above. In the first phase, institutions can apply as host institutions for (possibly many) REI centres. In the second phase, institutions that are short-listed in the first phase can submit proposals for centres (or programmes, as they are called in PRTLI). In the scheme’s most recent cycle, 14 out of 26 applying institutions were shortlisted. The numbers for PRTLI in Table 2.4 refer to the number of project proposals.25
Japan’s WPI had only nine applicants and one selected unit in the 2010 call. The low numbers are due to the targeted call; in the thematically open call in 2007, five centres were chosen out of 33 applicants (roughly a 15% success rate). The low number of applications for the Norwegian CEER scheme is presumably also due to the relatively targeted call.
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